Presentation on theme: "A Way To A Safer Fire Ground"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Way To A Safer Fire Ground Rapid Intervention CrewA Way To A Safer Fire GroundPresented By:Bucks CountyPublic Safety Training Center
2 Objectives Standards Case Histories Who Acts As The RIT? Size UP Duties Of The RIT Team.Exercises
3 N.F.P.A. 1561-fire Department Incident Management System 4-1.8-the fire department shall provide for the rescue of individuals operating at an emergency incidentA minimum of 2 Fire Fighterare required
4 O.S.H.A. Standard C.F.R. 1910.134 “Two in Two Out Rule” Fire fighters engaged in interior structural suppression use S.C.B.A. and work in teams of 2 or more.Once fire fighters have engaged in interior operations this standard applies.A minimum of 2 fire fighters properly equipped and trained must be outside the IDLH area.
5 What Is A Rapid Intervention Crew? A RAPID INTERVENTION CREW is a group of trained individuals who are fully equipped and ready to go into action in a seconds noticeTheir purpose is to help reduce the risk of injuries and fatalities during an unexpected emergency on the fireground
6 Case Study 1988-Hackensack, NJ. Five firefighters killed while fighting a fire at an auto dealership.The five firefighters were trapped after the roof collapsed.An important factor was the limited manpower available for an effective rescue attempt.
7 Case Study 1 Fire fighter dies when he falls through the floor. 1995-Mission, KS.1 Fire fighter dies when he falls through the floor.Numerous attempts where made by fellow fire fighters, but to no avail.Fire fighters not trained in fire fighter removal and insufficient fire fighters contributed to the death.
8 No effective accountability system was in effect. Case Study1995-Pittsburgh, PA.Three firefighters killed while battling a fire in a four level house when a collapse occurred trapping them inside.No effective accountability system was in effect.
9 Case Study 1999-Worchester, MA. Six Firefighters killed while battling a fire in an abandon 5 story cold storage building.Initially two fire fighters where lost in building and other crews where sent in to find them, a rapid change fire condition prevented them from success.No effective accountability system was in effect.
10 Case Study 1999-Keokuk, Iowa. Three fire fighters killed attempting a rescue during a dwelling fire.The “Incident Commander” left the scene to transport one of the victims to the hospital.No effective accountability system was in effect, nor was there enough manpower to affect rescue of the fire fighters.
11 Organization What is the ideal number of fire fighters that should be assigned to the RIC team?
12 OrganizationWhat type of training or certifications should be required of a RIC Team?Fire fighter 1?Fire fighter 2?Rescue training?PA department of health E.M.T. or First Responder?
13 OrganizationShould the RIC be the same crew though out the entire incident, or should the IC use them as needed and have another team dispatched to replace them?If the RIC team is placed into service should they be replaced with another team?
14 OrganizationWho should place the RIC into service and should they take the place of the safety officer or be responsible for fire fighter accountability?
15 OrganizationWhat type of apparatus and/or fire fighters should be used by the R.I.C.?Engine companyTruck companyRescue company
16 Engine Company Pro’s Con’s Has capability of Water supplyEveryone has an engine companyVariety of tools, hose and trainingCon’sMay lack technical trainingLimited amount of powered forcible entry/rescue toolsLimited ground ladders
17 Truck Company Pro’s Con.’s Full complement of ground ladders Variety of powered rescue/forcible entry tools and equipmentCon.’sMay not be equipped with a pump or hoseNot everyone has a “truck/ladder” companyLimited reach of the main ladder
18 Rescue Company Pro.’s Con.’s Wide variety of fire rescue equipment Usually have personal with a higher levels of trainingCon.’sMay not be equipped with a pump or hoseNot everyone has a rescue companyLimited complement of ground ladders
19 RIT Team Procedures Size-up Recon the incident scene Side determinationApparatus and tool stagingAccountability systemDeploymentSearchRecovery
20 Pre-arrival Size Up C- construction of building O-occupancy of buildingA-apparatus and manpowerL-life hazard(s)
22 Post Arrival Size-up W-weather E-exposures A-area of the fire jurisdictionL-location and extent of fireT-time of incidentH-height of target hazard
23 Fire Fighter Accountability Do you use an accountability system?Does you RIT company know your accountability system?Is your mutual aid departments using the same accountability system as your department?Who is keeping track of the fire fighters?
24 Apparatus and Equipment Staging R.I.C. Should report to the I.C. And then be staged within verbal distance from the command postWhat tools should the R.I.C. Have staged with them?What should each R.I.C. Member be equipped with?
25 Recon And Side Determination Perform a 360 of the fire buildingLook for egress and ingressAre ladders properly placed?Mark which side of the fire building isSide 1 or A?
26 Radio MonitoringThe R.I.C. Team officer should have a scan able radio.The R.I.C. Team should have their own radio frequency to operate on.Every member of the R.I.C. Should have a portable radio set to the R.I.C. frequency.
27 Search Procedures Left hand search Right hand search Search rope with or without knotsHose line with search ropesSystematic floor by floor search
28 What Should A Fire Fighter In Trouble Do? Activate their pass deviceRadio for help (mayday)Press the assist button onthe portable radioShould the fire fighterkeep moving if able orstay in one spot?
29 The Three “W’s”What fire fighters must know and do to keep themselves out of trouble.What fire fighters must know and do when they find themselves in trouble.What the R.I.C. teams must know and do to rescue or remove a fire fighter(s) in trouble.
30 Procedures in Managing the Downed Fire Fighter MaydayClear radio trafficEvacuate the fire buildingAttempt to identify the fire fighter in trouble by your accountability system, radio or role call.Place companies back into action doing essential fire suppression duties.
31 Downed Firefighter Preparation LocateInitial emergency S.C.B.A. ProceduresIs PASS activated? If so turn it offRenew his or her air supply(New Bottle Vs. Complete New Pack)DisentanglementHarness placement
32 Fire Building Evacuation Upon notification of a downed fire fighter should the IC evacuate the fire building?Should interior fire fighter aid in the search of a downed fire fighter?
33 Most Important Questions Who is trapped?How many are trapped?What was the last location(s) of the member(s)?What was the last assignment(s)of the member(s)?Are they radio equipped?
34 5 Points to Remember L Last known location U Unit number N Name A AssignmentR Radio equipped
35 Downed Firefighter Removal Techniques SearchingLarge area searchingBreaching walls and floorsEnlarging openingsRemoving a fire fighter up a set of stairsFire fighter removal in a confined area
36 Downed Firefighter Removal Techniques Removal using a ladder as an overhead with ropeRaising a firefighter using a handcuff knot or wristletsRemoving a fire fighter through a windowBringing a fire fighter down a ladder
37 The RIC Team Must not have tunnel vision, monitor the fire conditions. Do not ignore safe practices.RIC teams will need to be rotated and rehabbed also, so if the initial team goes into service get another team in place.Consider assigning a safety officer to the RIC team.
38 ConsiderationsFire fighters will have the natural tendency to help their brother and sister fire fighters.On occasion this could lead to a rapid and successful rescue.In most cases it will lead to confusion, chaos, and possible additional injuries or problems.
39 A good RIT Team is to be proactive not reactive Remember!Always observe the fire conditionsNever put yourself in a position where you are dependent on someone else to get you out of!Always know an escape route!Always know a back-up escape route!A good RIT Team is to be proactive not reactive
40 Safety Is an Attitude Be safe!!!! Whether its about wearing our full PPE including SCBA or wearing seatbelts on the apparatus. These are all tools of our trade and are no different from using a forcible entry tool or an attack line. We must have the same proper attitude for all of themBe safe!!!!