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THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF FIRE SERVICE INSTRUCTORS Electronic INSTRUCT-O-GRAM Program 2004-02 The “Safety Engine” Concept – Part 1.

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Presentation on theme: "THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF FIRE SERVICE INSTRUCTORS Electronic INSTRUCT-O-GRAM Program 2004-02 The “Safety Engine” Concept – Part 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF FIRE SERVICE INSTRUCTORS Electronic INSTRUCT-O-GRAM Program The “Safety Engine” Concept – Part 1

2 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Training Objective Following this segment, the student will be able to describe the Safety Engine Concept and how the implementation of such a program will promote fire ground survival while supporting the requirements of a dedicated rapid intervention team.

3 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Performance Objectives 1.Identify the roles and responsibilities of a traditional rapid intervention team as per your department’s SOP / SOG. 2.Define the differences between the R.I.T. philosophy and the Safety Engine Concept. 3.Describe how proactive fire ground ladder placement, security bar removal, backup line placement, and four-sided / entry way lighting can help support firefighter survivability. 1.Identify the roles and responsibilities of a traditional rapid intervention team as per your department’s SOP / SOG. 2.Define the differences between the R.I.T. philosophy and the Safety Engine Concept. 3.Describe how proactive fire ground ladder placement, security bar removal, backup line placement, and four-sided / entry way lighting can help support firefighter survivability.

4 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Performance Objectives 4.Define fire ground forecasting and cue- based decision-making as it pertains to the Safety Engine Concept. 5.Define the primary roles and responsibilities of the Safety Engine Officer and Crew. 6.Describe the purpose of a rescue action plan. 4.Define fire ground forecasting and cue- based decision-making as it pertains to the Safety Engine Concept. 5.Define the primary roles and responsibilities of the Safety Engine Officer and Crew. 6.Describe the purpose of a rescue action plan.

5 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Performance Objectives 7.Identify the advantages and disadvantages of the Safety Engine Concept versus traditional rapid intervention operations. 8.Identify the importance of assigning a Safety Engine Crew early within the first alarm assignment. 7.Identify the advantages and disadvantages of the Safety Engine Concept versus traditional rapid intervention operations. 8.Identify the importance of assigning a Safety Engine Crew early within the first alarm assignment.

6 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Questions to Consider What’s happening on the fire ground? Does our operation support safety / survivability on the fire scene? Are safety features established during every fire fight? Are we doing all we can to make the fire ground safe and survivable? What’s happening on the fire ground? Does our operation support safety / survivability on the fire scene? Are safety features established during every fire fight? Are we doing all we can to make the fire ground safe and survivable?

7 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Incidents to Learn From Worcester, MA Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Honolulu, HI Worcester, MA Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Honolulu, HI

8 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ The Safety Engine Concept Secondary means of developing a safer fire ground. Focuses on aiding “self rescue”. Does not lessen or replace the traditional Rapid Intervention Team. Secondary means of developing a safer fire ground. Focuses on aiding “self rescue”. Does not lessen or replace the traditional Rapid Intervention Team.

9 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ The S.E.C. in Comparison NFPA 1500 OSHA NFPA 1500 OSHA The Safety Engine Concept is designed to be in compliance with NFPA 1500 and OSHA

10 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Traditional Rapid Intervention Stationary Non-committed At or near the Command Post Stationary Non-committed At or near the Command Post

11 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Safety Engine Conducts proactive measures on-scene Remains available for rescue if necessary No task shall be assumed that, if immediately abandoned, a safety hazard would result Conducts proactive measures on-scene Remains available for rescue if necessary No task shall be assumed that, if immediately abandoned, a safety hazard would result

12 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Dispatch Procedure Haz-Mat requiring entry Specialized rescue operations Suspected / known working fire Haz-Mat requiring entry Specialized rescue operations Suspected / known working fire It is recommended that the third-due / arriving company becomes the Safety Engine Company. A “Safety Engine” should be assigned to every “high hazard” incident, such as:

13 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Respond within standing guidelines Prepare Rescue Action Plan while en route Safety Engine Officer reports to IC / IRIT Officer upon arrival Respond within standing guidelines Prepare Rescue Action Plan while en route Safety Engine Officer reports to IC / IRIT Officer upon arrival Response & Arrival

14 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Minimum 1 Officer, 1 Firefighter If the Safety Engine staff is 4 or more, the on-scene RIT should be reassigned Reducing the number of personnel, or delaying the assignment of a Safety Engine jeopardizes the safety of on-scene personnel! Minimum 1 Officer, 1 Firefighter If the Safety Engine staff is 4 or more, the on-scene RIT should be reassigned Reducing the number of personnel, or delaying the assignment of a Safety Engine jeopardizes the safety of on-scene personnel! Staffing

15 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ A tactical channel should be assigned to the Safety Engine crew. If the SEC is from another agency, the IC should confirm a common operating frequency. A tactical channel should be assigned to the Safety Engine crew. If the SEC is from another agency, the IC should confirm a common operating frequency. Communications

16 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Follow pre-established accountability procedures Confer with IC upon arrival Identify critical issues The Safety Engine Officer should remain at the Command Post to monitor fire ground activities Follow pre-established accountability procedures Confer with IC upon arrival Identify critical issues The Safety Engine Officer should remain at the Command Post to monitor fire ground activities Operational Guidelines

17 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ 360 Degree “Hot Lap” Building construction Fire travel Access / Egress points Hose line placement Collapse hazards Utility control verification 360 Degree “Hot Lap” Building construction Fire travel Access / Egress points Hose line placement Collapse hazards Utility control verification Incident Size-Up

18 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Upon completion of the “Hot Lap”, Safety Engine personnel should report their findings to the Safety Engine Officer, and begin to develop a Rescue Action Plan. “Hot Laps” should be conducted every 15 minutes. Upon completion of the “Hot Lap”, Safety Engine personnel should report their findings to the Safety Engine Officer, and begin to develop a Rescue Action Plan. “Hot Laps” should be conducted every 15 minutes. Incident Size-Up

19 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Number of personnel lost / trapped / missing Air supply needs Last known location Where to enter structure How to enter (special equipment needs) Search techniques Recon reporting Number of personnel lost / trapped / missing Air supply needs Last known location Where to enter structure How to enter (special equipment needs) Search techniques Recon reporting Rescue Action Plan Criteria

20 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Immediately act upon any signs of potential hazards Proactively deploy the necessary fire ground survival initiatives Immediately act upon any signs of potential hazards Proactively deploy the necessary fire ground survival initiatives Forecasting / Cue-Based Decisions

21 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ The Safety Engine should be a ‘self-supporting’ unit. All tools located at the Safety Engine’s tool cache should not be utilized for other fire ground activities. Tools of Immediate Concern Specialized tools The Safety Engine should be a ‘self-supporting’ unit. All tools located at the Safety Engine’s tool cache should not be utilized for other fire ground activities. Tools of Immediate Concern Specialized tools Tool Cache Development

22 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Safety Engine personnel should also monitor those entering the hazard zone for signs of fatigue, proper rehab, etc. Proactively direct affected personnel to rehab Keep IC informed of personnel locations Safety Engine personnel should also monitor those entering the hazard zone for signs of fatigue, proper rehab, etc. Proactively direct affected personnel to rehab Keep IC informed of personnel locations Personnel Monitoring

23 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Incident Safety Officer is a position that is often neglected 2 – 3 personnel acting in the capacity of a Safety Engine Crew may substituted for a dedicated Safety Officer Incident Safety Officer is a position that is often neglected 2 – 3 personnel acting in the capacity of a Safety Engine Crew may substituted for a dedicated Safety Officer Incident Safety / ISO Support

24 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Ladder Placement Security Bar / Obstruction Removal Back-Up / Safety Line Placement Scene / Entry Point Lighting P.A.R. & C.A.N. Reports Ladder Placement Security Bar / Obstruction Removal Back-Up / Safety Line Placement Scene / Entry Point Lighting P.A.R. & C.A.N. Reports Proactive Tasks

25 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Upon the receipt of a “Mayday” the IC should immediately request a P.A.R. Rescue Action Plan implementation Initial deployment should focus on locating the distressed member Upon the receipt of a “Mayday” the IC should immediately request a P.A.R. Rescue Action Plan implementation Initial deployment should focus on locating the distressed member Deployment

26 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Deliver C.A.N. report upon finding victim Conduct air supply assessment (perform air supply change if indicated) Assess area for hazards Determine requirements for rescue Deliver C.A.N. report upon finding victim Conduct air supply assessment (perform air supply change if indicated) Assess area for hazards Determine requirements for rescue Deployment

27 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Once the extent of the rescue operation is known, the Safety Engine Officer should request the necessary tools, equipment, and personnel to carry out the rescue operation. Deployment

28 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ The Safety Engine should not be released until overhaul operations have been completed. Termination of Assignment

29 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Review Revise Update Implement Review Revise Update Implement Post-Incident Analysis


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