2Reference WAC 296.305 Safety Standards for Firefighters NFPA 1407 Standard for Training Fire Service Rapid Intervention Crews, 2010 editionSnohomish County Fire Chiefs Incident Management System PoliciesThe RIC procedure was developed by the Snohomish County Training Officers (SCTO). Input was received from numerous Snohomish County Fire Agencies to create a document that would be universal throughout Snohomish County.SCTO understands that each department may need to make changes to this procedure to “work” for each agency.Our goal is to keep the procedure intact to ensure all companies operating on an incident understand each others tactical operations.
3Definitions C.A.N Report Conditions Actions Needs UCAN and CANA are other variations of the more popular CAN report. UCAN is stating your unit identification. CANA is a report of your air after the conditions , actions and needs.IDLH (Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health.Defines in WAC as “an atmosphere that poses a threat to life, would cause irreversible adverse health effects or would impair an individuals ability to escape from a dangerous atmosphere.”Incipient FireA fire which is in the initial stage and which can be controlled or extinguished by a portable fire extinguisher, class II standpipe or small hose systems.Initial Stages of an incidentIncludes the period of an incident when tasks are being undertaken by the first arriving companies with only one team assigned or operating within the IDLH.MaydayThe term used when a firefighter(s) needs immediate assistance.
4Definitions Softening the Building Proactive measure taken by a RIC members at the direction of the RIC Group Supervisor (RGS) to assure that egress route are established prior to any potential firefighter emergency.Before making any opening that could affect the ventilation profile the RGS must receive approval from the Incident Commander.Rapid Intervention Crew (RIC)A dedicated crew of firefighters who are assigned for rapid deployment to rescue lost or trapped firefighters. It is highly recommended that a minimum of three firefighters be assigned to RIC.Standby FirefightersRefers to the firefighters who are assigned to standby outside the IDLH area ready to respond to a firefighters emergency. Standby firefighters can be assigned other tasks while standing by. Standby firefighters need to wear full PPE including SCBA in the sandy by position and shall consist of a minimum of two personnel. Standby firefighters provide for compliance with 2in/2out requirements.
5When? RIC will be considered following WAC 296.305.05001 (10)(f) When personnel on the scene have been assigned to accomplish the initial strategies and tactics (suppression, search, ventilation, back up line) the incident commander shall consider the establishment of a RIC.It is the policy of all agencies adopting this document to follow WAC :Early consideration should be given to providing one or more rapid intervention teams commensurate with the needs of the situation.
6What about 2in / 2out?Driver/operators on a 3 person crew need to have their SCBA donned in the stand by position prior to any rescue attempt. They must remain in positive communications with the entry team.Command officers that arrive before other companies can be used as part of the stand by crew when appropriate gear is donned.If no imminent life hazard, do not enter the structure until the two outside are ready and have communication with the entry team.Civilian rescue shall only be made when the officer has significant reason to believe there is a life hazard. Entry due to the assumption that all structures are occupied until proven wrong will not be allowed.Other duties outside the structure may be performed in preparation for entry while other resources arrive.
7GO or NO GOThe incident Commander shall not allow RIC deployment into the following, but not limited to “NO GO” situations:Extreme hazard to RIC companies with a high likelihood of severe injury or deathUncontrolled fire growthEminent collapseNo potential to save a live firefighterRIC companies must wait until the Incident Commander has given a “GO” command to the RGS.
8RIC Formation (pre-MAYDAY) When a company is assigned to establish RIC, that company will find a location near the structure but outside of the IDLH to lay out a tool cache and green tarp.The RIC should:Perform a 360 size upConsider second means of egressConsider softening the buildingConsider gathering all RIC bags on the scene for placement in the RC tool cacheThe company officer will assume the role of RIC Group Supervisor (RGS). RGS shall be issued a second portable radio in the event of a RIC deployment.RIC may support fire ground operations in the area of the RIC tool cache.RIC personnel will NOT be assigned other tasks.
9RIC Formation (pre-MAYDAY) 2 firefighters with PPE, Portable Radio & SCBAGreen tarpRIC packAir bottleMaskUniversal air connectionWire cuttersThis is a minimum list.Some departments may want to alter this list.Remember…The initial RIC should travel light and fast.A secondary RIC pack may be the bigger tool cache carried by supplemental RIC’s
10RIC Formation (pre-MAYDAY) Power sawsGround laddersMaul or sledge hammersPry or wrecking barsHydraulics power toolsStruts / Hi-lift jacksCribbingStokes basket and/or backboardsBLS/ALS kits
11RIC Deployment (post-MAYDAY/EMER) Acknowledge the MAYDAY/EMER activationIf the firefighter calling a MAYDAY is coherent, consider having him/her activate the EMER button to move that firefighter to EMER channel.Declare emergency radio trafficDetermine the nature of the emergency and who is involvedGet Acknowledgment from dispatch agency and emergency tonesGive GO or NO GO to RGSRequest an addition alarm to assist with ongoing firefighting operations and/or RIC activitiesEmergency PARFace-to-face with RGSConsider separate tactical channel for RIC activitiesRe-evaluate the incident action plan
12RIC Deployment (post-MAYDAY/EMER) Do NOT deploy until directed by the Incident CommanderGO or NOT GODetermine to the greatest extent possible to following information:Nature of emergencyWho is involved? Company(s) and name(s)Last known location and assignmentThe needs of the firefightersIf possible make contact with firefighters in troubleInstruct the firefighters to activate their pass alarms intermittentlyMake contact with other companies who are or were working in the same area as the company in trouble.Formulate a planRequest additional companies be assigned to RICAt least one RIC shall be ready to deploy at all times.
13RIC Deployment (post-MAYDAY/EMER) As other companies are assigned to RIC ensure the following:Correct radio channels for RICRIC understands who is in trouble. Company and name.What has been done previouslyConsider a medical team ready to receive firefightersMinimum of 1 ALS unit for each troubled firefighterConsider obtaining an aide for RGSKeep IC updated with RIC activitiesEnsure an additional alarm has been requested by the Incident Commander
14You may want to start your search area from where you heard the PASS. RIC Deployment (post-MAYDAY/EMER)While waiting for the GO or NOT go the RIC members should perform a 360 hot lap around the structure. 1 firefighters going clockwise the other firefighter counter-clockwise. Look for structural changes and listen for PASS alarms or firefighters calling out for help. Report back to RIC area and await deployment from RGS.Utilize good tool managementInitial RIC should travel light and fast. Their primary task to located the firefighter(s) in trouble and get air to the mask if needed. Radio to the RGS any needs for firefighter removalCAN report to the RGSFollow sound air management practicesOn the hot lap if your hear a PASS or hear firefighters calling for help but cannot see or reach them, return to RIC area and report your findings.You may want to start your search area from where you heard the PASS.Only delay your return to the RIC area if you can positively make a difference in rescuing a firefighter . Radio your intentions to the RGS.Do you know who you’re looking for?
15RIC Deployment (post-MAYDAY/EMER) When the troubled firefighter is located:Silence the PASS alarm (listen for more)Check air supply or troubled firefighter(s) and RICDiscover the following:Is the firefighter conscious or unconsciousIs the firefighter alive or deceasedIs the firefighter entangled or entrappedIs the firefighter ambulatory or will need assistancePerform a 360 sweep of the area for other hazards or troubled firefightersRadio your needs to RGS.E77 to RIC groupE77 from RIC group go aheadE77 needs pinch point bars and cribbing an two more companies. We found one downed firefighter unconscious from E71. E77 is less than 50 on air.E77, RIC group copies…E77 needs pinch point bars and cribbing and two more companies. you found one downed firefighter unconscious from E71. E77 is less than 50 on airE77…Affirmative
16This presentation shared by Snohomish County Fire District 7