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Exploring the world of marine biomes on a barrier reef

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Presentation on theme: "Exploring the world of marine biomes on a barrier reef"— Presentation transcript:

1 Exploring the world of marine biomes on a barrier reef

2 Coral Where are they found? *Most is found in warm, shallow oceans

3 Coral What do they eat? * Tiny animals called zooplankton
* Some catch larger food such as fish * They also get energy from special algae that live inside their body

4 Coral Who are their predators?
*Sea stars, especially the crown-of-thorns sea star, *Parrotfish

5 Coral What are some special adaptations?
* The stinging tentacles around a coral polyp's mouth are used to catch food and stay protected from predators.

6 Anemone Where are they found?
* Animals found in warm ocean waters around the world.

7 Anemone What do they look like?
* Come in many colors, including red, purple and pink * They have long tentacles surrounding their mouth. * Anemones do not have eyes.

8 Anemone What do they eat? Mussels Worms Fish
Tiny animals called zooplankton.

9 Anemone Who are their predators?
Only a few animals, including sea slugs and some fish, can eat anemones.

10 Anemone What are some special adaptations?
Stinging cells that keep them protected from predators These tentacles with stinging cells also help anemones catch food As food swims by, the cells covering the tentacles sting and trap the food. The tentacles move the food to the anemone’s mouth.

11 Anemone and Clownfish: Symbiotic Relationship
Anemones have formed a relationship with clownfish. Clownfish clean the anemone The anemone protects the clownfish

12 Clownfish Where are they found?
Live in anemones in the Red Sea, Indian and Pacific Oceans

13 Clownfish How big are they? Really small in size
About 2 to 4 inches in length! Baby clownfish are actually smaller than a pencil eraser!

14 Clownfish What do they eat? Zooplankton Detritus
Who are their predators? Damselfish Wrasses Brittle sea stars These are predators because they will eat the clownfish eggs!

15 Regal Blue Tang Where are they found?
Near coral reefs in the Pacific Ocean

16 Regal Blue Tang How big are they? Can be about 25-30 centimeters long
Males are larger than females

17 Regal Blue Tang What do they eat? Plankton and algae off coral
Help keep coral reefs happy because too much algae is not good!

18 Regal Blue Tang Who are their predators? Bigger fish such as: Tuna
Jacks Groupers

19 Regal Blue Tang How do they adapt?
Live in large schools for protection When scared, they hide behind rocks or coral Will "play dead" Warn others of danger by changing their color to a dark blue Uses the sharp tail spine to defend itself

20 Moorish Idol Where are they found? Pacific Ocean near Australia
Live in coral reefs, harbors and lagoons

21 Moorish Idol How big are they? 5-9 inches in length

22 Moorish Idol What do they eat?
Algae, invertebrates and sponges from corals and rocks to help keep coral reefs clean and healthy Who are their predators? Larger fish

23 Moorish Idol How do they adapt?
Long pointed noses for picking food from cracks and between corals and rocks The bright colors and stripes break up the shape of the body so that predators have a hard time seeing where their mouth is or which direction they are swimming!

24 Brown Pelican

25 Brown Pelican Where are they found?
Sleep on land at night, but dive into the ocean to catch fish during the day How big are they? About 1 meter long Weigh about 8 pounds What do they eat? Fish! Dive from the air into the water to catch the fish Can eat as much as 4 pounds of fish a day! Who are their predators? Very few predators because they are so large in size How do they adapt? Hollow bones allow them to fly and float Use their large skin pound to catch fish and drain the water out

26 Green Sea Turtle

27 Green Sea Turtle Where are they found? Live in warm, tropical waters
Often found near seagrass beds and coral reefs How big are they? Adults have shells that are 3-4 meters long Can weigh between pounds What do they eat? Younger turtles eat: plants, jellyfish, worms, crabs, sponges and snails Adults only eat seagrass Who are their predators? Eggs and Hatchlings: ghost crabs, ants, snakes, birds, and rats Younger turtles: Sharks, dolphins, fish Older turtles: Few larger sharks

28 Green Sea Turtle How do they adapt?
Tough shell and larger size protect them from predators Great eyesight and sense of smell to find food Jaws have sharp edges to rip off seagrass pieces to eat

29 Great White Shark Where are they found? Oceans all over the world!
How long can they live? Can live to be years old. How big are they? Can be up to 22 feet long Can weigh up to 6,000 pounds

30 Great White Shark What do they eat? Top predators in the ocean!
They eat fish, squid, stingrays, seals, sea lions, dolphins and sometimes even whales. Who are their predators? Their only predators are even larger sharks!

31 Great White Shark What are some special adaptations?
Rows of sharp teeth to catch their prey They swim fast and can even jump out the water when chasing prey They can smell food, they can see food and they can feel food nearby. Great white sharks keep other animal populations balanced in the ocean.

32 Anglerfish Where are they found?
Most anglerfish are found in very deep water in oceans worldwide. How big are they? Female anglerfish are much bigger than the tiny males. A female anglerfish is about 7 inches long A male anglerfish is about 1 inch long.

33 Anglerfish What do they eat? Shrimp and fish. Who are their predators?
Larger fish

34 Anglerfish What are some special adaptations?
Can stretch their stomach like elastic, so they can eat food that is much bigger than them. The light at the front of an anglerfish’s face is made by millions of bacteria. The light works like a fishing lure, attracting shrimp and fish closer to the anglerfish’s mouth. The anglerfish then uses its sharp teeth to catch the food.

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