2HISTORYSea turtles lived before the dinosaurs 200 million years ago. The archelon was bigger than a car. They have evolved to become smaller since then.
3OCEAN REPTILESSea turtles live in warm oceans. They are air breathing reptiles.
4TRAVELLERSSea turtles travel every 2 to 3 years in late spring. They travel 1000 miles to nest. Sea turtles mate in late summer.
5EGGSA group of eggs are called a clutch. It takes 1 hour to lay 100 eggs. The nest is in danger because people and animals hunt them for their meat. They can live up to 100 years old.
6FLIPPERSSea turtles have strong flippers. They use them like paddles. Sea turtles can go 20 miles an hour. That’s 4 times faster than a human. Their back flippers are for turning and stopping.
7SENSESSea turtles have sharp senses. Sometimes they cry to get salt out of their eyes. Sea turtles may hiss when they are angry or scared. Their hearing organs are behind their eyes. They can see far away and smell well.
8SHELLA sea turtles shell has two parts. The top is called a carapace. The bottom is called a plastron. Sea turtles have a shell for protection. Bony bridges join the two parts. The shell is covered with scales. Land turtles can go inside their shell. But sea turtles can't because they have to have their eyes and ears out for protection.
9DIETSea turtles have no teeth. They rip their food with their strong jaws. Sea turtles eat seaweed crab fish and jellyfish.
10MANY SPECIESThere are eight kinds of sea turtles. The two smallest are the black sea turtle and the hawksbill. The black sea turtle is over three feet long. It is also called a pacific green sea turtle. The hawksbill is three feet long and weighs a hundred pounds.
11LOGGERHEADThe loggerhead is 400 pounds and 3 to 5 feet long.
12GREEN SEA TURTLEThe green sea turtle weighs 400 pounds. A green sea turtle is a vegetarian and only eats plants. Its diet is made of sea grass.
13AUSTRALIAN FLAT BACKThe Australian flat back is over 3 feet long. It is found in Australia.
14LEATHERBACKThe biggest sea turtle is the leather back. It has no hard shell. It is 7 feet long and weighs over 1000 pounds. It is the deepest diver. It can go 1300 feet deep.