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Causes of the Revolution

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Presentation on theme: "Causes of the Revolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 Causes of the Revolution
Social Studies Unit 5 Lesson 1

2 Let’s Start With a Video
Too Late to Apologize a Declaration

3 Lesson 1 Big Question: What events led to the American Revolution?
Main Ideas: Winning the French and Indian War created new problems for Britain. Britain taxed the colonies on many items like sugar, printed materials, and tea. Britain’s actions escalated colonial resistance. Clashes in Boston led to the Battles of Lexington and Concord.

4 Key Terms & People Parliament: Great Britain’s lawmaking assembly.
Tariff: a tax on imported goods. Protest: to speak out against something. Petition: a document that people sign that formally asks leaders to do or change something. Repeal: to do away with. Boycott: an organized refusal to buy goods or services.

5 Pontiac Ottawa leader who fought British expansion in North America.
Led a rebellion in 1763 known as Pontiac’s War. Fought to protect American Indian lands, showing the British the high cost of protecting western settlers.

6 King George III King of Great Britain during the American Revolution.
Issued the Proclamation of 1763. Supported all efforts to tax the American colonies and encouraged actions to discipline colonists.

7 Crispus Attucks Patriot of African ancestry who was killed in the Boston Massacre. His death was seen as a sacrifice for American independence.

8 Paul Revere Patriot who made a dramatic horseback ride to warn colonists. Rode out from Boston on the night of April 18, 1775 to warn colonists that the British were coming. Considered one of colonial America’s greatest silversmiths.

9 Textbook Answers The British had borrowed and spent a lot of money on soldiers and supplies. Every kind of printed material, including newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards. The Sons of Liberty burned stamps and threatened stamp agents. During the boycott, women formed groups such as the Daughters of Liberty, which wove cloth and made other goods to replace imported British goods. A crowed gathered during an argument, the crowd shouted insults, the colonists began throwing things, the British fired, Crispus Attucks was killed.

10 Textbook Answers 6. The Tea Act, as it tried to get colonists to buy tea from only one British company. 7. They became more united. Colonies sent help to Boston, stopped trade with Britain, and created volunteer armies. 8. The colonists fought well and forced the British back to Boston. Summary: The Proclamation of 1763, the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, and the Coercive Acts.

11 Timeline in Lesson 1764: Britain passes the Sugar Act.
1767: Britain passes the Townshend Acts. 1774: Britain passes the Coercive Acts.

12 Newspaper Article Primary Sources: things written/made at or about the time of an event. Ex: newspaper articles Secondary Sources: things written/made after an event has happened Ex: encyclopedia articles, textbooks, research papers Answer: The newspaper writer seems to blame the soldiers. The encyclopedia seems to blame the colonists.

13 Worksheet Causes Effects
The British had large debts after the French and Indian War. The British taxed the colonists to help pay for the debts from the war. The Stamp Act was passed. Colonists took action as an organized political group. British troops were sent to Lexington and Concord to destroy weapons the colonists had stored there. Paul Revere and William Dawes spread a warning to colonists.

14 Worksheet How did the colonists protest the actions of the British?
Colonists protested by sending petitions to Parliament and boycotting British goods. Which British actions were unpopular with colonists? Why did the colonists resist these actions? The Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend Acts were unpopular with colonists. They resisted because these laws were passed without their consent. Which event do you think was the most important cause of the American Revolution? Why? Possible answer: Battles of Lexington and Concord because they changed the conflict from protests and debates to war.

15 Reasons for Events Religious Political Economic
The First Great Awakening Stamp Act Congress (1765) The Proclamation of 1763 Boston Massacre (1770) Sugar Act (1764) Boston Tea Party (1773) Stamp Act (1765) Intolerable Acts/Coercive Acts (1774) Townshend Acts (1767) Battles of Lexington and Concord (1775) Tea Act (1773)

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