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Gender and adjective agreement

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Presentation on theme: "Gender and adjective agreement"— Presentation transcript:

1 Gender and adjective agreement

2 Gender and Adjective Agreement
Nouns and pronouns in Spanish are divided into genders. Nouns for men and boys are masculine. Masculine: amigo, Juan, él Nouns for women and girls are feminine. Feminine: amiga, Maria, ella

3 Gender and Adjective Agreement
Adjectives describe nouns. They have different forms that match or agree with, the noun or pronoun in gender. The masculine form of most adjectives ends in o, while the feminine form ends in a. Raul es romántico. Maria es romántica.

4 Gender and Adjective Agreement
Adjectives that end in e have the same masculine and feminine forms. Rafael es inteligente. Carmen es inteligente.

5 Gender and Adjective Agreement
Adjectives ending in consonants do not an a unless they end in or or are adjectives of nationality. Lorenzo es intelecutal y trabajador. Gloria es intelectual y trabajadora. Sergio es español. Sara es española.

6 Gender and Adjective Agreement
Adjectives also agree with nouns in number. An adjective that describes one person or thing is in singular form. When it describes more than one person or thing, its form is plural. If the singular form ends in a vowel add s to make it plural. If it ends in a consonant add es. Joaquin es alto. Paco y Luis son altos. Rosa es intelectual. Mis amigos son intelectuales.

7 Gender and Adjective Agreement
To describe a mixed group of men and women or boys and girls, use the masculine plural form of the adjective. Carlos y Ana son románticos.

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