Hierarchy of Needs is a ranked list of needs essential to growth and development (5 Levels) Level 1 – Physical Needs (Hunger, Thirst, Sleep, Shelter etc.) These needs must be satisfied in order to move up (base of pyramid). Level 2 – Safety Needs (Secure from danger) These needs include the safety of familiar places, friends, or family.
Level 3 – Need to belong. This includes the need to belong to a group such as a community, family, or social group. Level 4 – Need to be recognized. This includes feeling appreciated and being able to do something well. Level 5 – Need to reach potential. This is the quest for self-actualization (being the best you can be).
Personality – complex set of characteristics that makes you unique. Influences on your personality: - 1) Heredity – intellectual abilities, temperament, or emotional tendencies. - 2) Environment – everything around you (friends, family, home, school etc.) - Modeling - observing & learning from the people around you. PLEASE COMPLETE THE PERSONALITY TEST ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.
Personal identity – your sense of yourself as a unique individual. This includes your interests, likes and dislikes, talents/abilities, values, and goals. Self Esteem – person’s value about him or herself (positive or negative)
Recognize strengths & weaknesses Positive values Develop purpose Meaningful relationships Contribute to community Avoid risk behaviors Constructive criticism – non-hostile comments that point out problems & encourage improvement Self-talk –listen to what you say replace negative messages with constructive criticism
Emotions – signals that tell your mind and body how to react Types Emotions -happy- sadness-love -empathy- fear- guilt -anger Responding To Emotions - Ask yourself what is wrong. - Is it worth responding. (will it matter next week) - Think about how you are going to respond. - Feel negative? Seek positive feelings to inspire yourself. (exercise) - Negative feelings don’t go away. (seek help)
Defense Mechanism – mental process that protects individuals from strong emotions Repression- Involuntarily pushing feelings out of thought. Suppression- consciously pushing feeling out of thought. Rationalization- make excuses instead of taking responsibility
Regression - acting immature Denial- unconscious lack of acknowledgement that is obvious to others. Compensation- making up for mistakes through gift- giving or extreme efforts.
Do something to relax Re-channel your energy Talk to someone you trust Get physical Activity What Are Some Ways You Handle Your Anger?
Anger Cues- bodily changes during anger Breathing & sweating increase Heart Rate & BP increase Dry mouth Decreased sensitivity to pain Increased muscle strength Facial cues (eyebrows, lips, red face)
Anger trigger- what causes the anger What are some of your anger triggers? Please complete the section on your notes that asks about anger triggers and anger management techniques. Displacement – taking your anger out on something or someone else. ->