Self Actualization – being the best you can be
Hierarchy of Needs is a ranked list of needs essential to growth and development (5 Levels) Level 1 – Physical Needs (Hunger, Thirst, Sleep, Shelter etc.) These needs must be satisfied in order to move up (base of pyramid). Level 2 – Safety Needs (Secure from danger) These needs include the safety of familiar places, friends, or family.
Level 3 – Need to belong. This includes the need to belong to a group such as a community, family, or social group. Level 4 – Need to be recognized. This includes feeling appreciated and being able to do something well. Level 5 – Need to reach potential. This is the quest for self-actualization (being the best you can be). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ugp3hm2JIqM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ugp3hm2JIqM
Personal identity – your sense of yourself as a unique individual. This includes your interests, likes and dislikes, talents/abilities, values, and goals. Self Esteem – person’s value about him or herself (positive or negative) Qualities of people with high self-esteem: Take responsibility for their actions. Have a positive outlook on life. Like and accept who they are. Can learn from their successes as well as from their mistakes. Can build and maintain healthy relationships.
Recognize strengths & weaknesses Positive values Develop purpose Meaningful relationships Contribute to community Avoid risk behaviors Constructive criticism – non-hostile comments that point out problems & encourage improvement Self-talk –listen to what you say replace negative messages with constructive criticism
Personality – complex set of characteristics that makes you unique. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJAB7OS4fXg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJAB7OS4fXg Influences on your personality: - 1) Heredity – intellectual abilities, temperament, or emotional tendencies. - 2) Environment – everything around you (friends, family, home, school etc.) - Modeling - observing & learning from the people around you. - How do the people you look up to impact your life and the decisions you make? What is the impact of a role model?
Gender Boxes Your little brother is running around the house, he falls and cuts his leg, he begins to cry. Your uncle tells him, “stop crying and act like a man.” Your little sister runs into the house and is upset because the boys wont let her join the football game. Your aunt tells her, “stop that; you need to act like a lady.” Brainstorm in groups What does it mean to act like a man/lady? What is the impact/consequences when you don’t “act like a man/lady”? How does the consequence shape your behavior? Does society have an impact on how you behave/act? Like a girl https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UkTh_r66lDA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UkTh_r66lDA
How does the media impact the way you feel about yourself as an individual? Does it impact the way you act, dress, body image, etc.? Is this impact positive/negative? Teen Truth: Body Image https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PpFBKeuKf7 M https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PpFBKeuKf7 M
Emotions – signals that tell your mind and body how to react https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNY0AAUtH3g Types Emotions -happy- sadness-love -empathy- fear- guilt -anger
Responding To Emotions - Ask yourself what is wrong. - Is it worth responding. (will it matter next week) - Think about how you are going to respond. - Feel negative? Seek positive feelings to inspire yourself. (exercise) - Negative feelings don’t go away. (seek help) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xawq73i_a w8
Anger Cues- bodily changes during anger https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qU8qtcQpQmA Breathing & sweating increase Heart Rate & BP increase Dry mouth Decreased sensitivity to pain Increased muscle strength Facial cues (eyebrows, lips, red face)
Do something to relax Re-channel your energy Talk to someone you trust Get physical Activity What Are Some Ways You Handle Your Anger?
Defense Mechanism – mental process that protects individuals from strong emotions Repression - Involuntarily pushing feelings out of thought. Suppression - consciously pushing feeling out of thought. Rationalization - make excuses instead of taking responsibility Projection - putting feeling onto someone else.
Regression - acting immature Denial - unconscious lack of acknowledgement that is obvious to others. Compensation - making up for mistakes through gift-giving or extreme efforts. Daydreaming : escaping from an unpleasant situation by using your imagination. Living in a fantasy world