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Mental & Emotional Health Bell work #2: List as many characteristics of good mental health as possible Circle characteristics that apply to you Describe.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental & Emotional Health Bell work #2: List as many characteristics of good mental health as possible Circle characteristics that apply to you Describe."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental & Emotional Health Bell work #2: List as many characteristics of good mental health as possible Circle characteristics that apply to you Describe how you can strengthen those characteristics

2 Key Terms & Ideas Mental/emotional health: –Is the ability to accept yourself and others, adapt to and manage emotions, and deal with the demands and challenges you meet in life.

3 Mental Health Affects Your Physical Health Positively! People have also used laughter and their own positive attitude to make themselves physically well.

4 Mental Health Can Affect Your Physical Health Negatively! Mind body connection is so strong that people have made themselves physically ill through worry.

5 Characteristics of health mental and emotional health: –Positive self-esteem –Sense of belonging –Sense of purpose –Positive outlook –Autonomy

6 Mental/Emotional Health Characteristics Which of these characteristics might seem difficult to control? Why?

7 What Can Teens Do to Develop These Characteristics? Positive Self-Esteem Sense of Belonging Sense of Purpose Positive Outlook Autonomy

8 List, Group, Label Draw a line down your paper with high and low self esteem Categorize the words into high and/or low self-esteem Add any other words to your list Motivated Lazy Determined Confident Positive Hard-working Slacker Negative

9 Key Term/Idea: Hierarchy of Need: –Is a ranked list of those needs essential to human growth and development, starting with basic needs and building toward the need for reaching your highest potential.

10 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Level 1 – Physical Level 2 – Safety Level 3 – Belonging Level 4 – Feeling Recognized Level 5 – Reaching Potential

11 Level 1: Physical Needs Survival needs (food, water, sleep, shelter) People who are denied this make become weak or ill

12 Level 2:Need for Safety You need safety against physical harm You need safety with familiar places & friends (it makes you feel secure)

13 Level 3:Need to Be Loved and to Belong Everyone needs to give love and know that he or she is loved in return Feeling a sense of belonging (school, church, sports, etc.)

14 Level 4:Need to Be Valued and Recognized Need to be appreciated by family, friends, and peers Meet this need by participating in productive activities

15 Level 5:Need to Reach Your Potential Self –Actualization: Striving to be the best that you can be! Life long process, make changes and grow as a person

16 Bell work #3: List your talents and abilities –What are your special qualities? –What other traits make you the person that you are? (1 paragraph per question)

17 Understanding Your Personality Personality –Is a complex set of characteristics that makes you unique

18 Influences on Your Personality Personality and Heredity Personality and Environment –Modeling: Observing and learning from the behaviors of those around you Personality and Behavior

19 Influences on Your Personality Personality includes an individual's emotional makeup, attitudes, thoughts, and behaviors –Some you were born with –Some you have developed from life experiences

20 Personal Identity Personal Identity: –Your sense of yourself as a unique individual

21 Personal Identity Puzzle Pieces The pieces of this puzzle include: –Your interests –Your likes/dislikes –Talents & abilities –Values & beliefs –Your goals

22 Developmental Assets Development Assets: –Are the building blocks of development that help young people grow up as healthy, caring, and responsible individuals

23 Examples of Developmental Assets Support Empowerment Boundaries/Ex pectations Positive Identity Constructive Use of Time Commitment to Learning Positive Values

24 Steps to a Health Identity Recognize your strengths and weaknesses Demonstrate Positive Values

25 More Steps to a Health Identity Develop a Purpose in Life Form Meaningful Relationships Contribute to the community

26 Even More Steps to a Healthy Identity Avoid Unhealthful Risk Behaviors

27 Self-Esteem & Positive Outlook When you have a healthy identity, you will experience a increased self-esteem and a higher level of mental/emotional health People with a positive outlook live longer and are healthier

28 Realistic Patterns of Thinking You must see events realistically Constructive criticism: –Non-hostile comments that point out problems and encourage improvement Positive Self-Talk (I Messages)

29 Lesson 3 – Understanding Emotions Emotions: –Signals that tell your mind and body how to react

30 Understanding Emotions… Emotions Communicating emotions effectively is the key to building and maintaining healthy relationships Affect all sides of your triangle

31 Identifying your Emotions Hormone: –Is a chemical secreted by your glands that regulates the activities of different body cells

32 Some of Your Emotions… Happiness Sadness Love Empathy: –Ability to imagine and understand how someone else feels

33 More of My Emotions… Fear Guilt Anger –Hostility: Intentional unfriendly or offensive behavior

34 Homework #4 1. Write down 5-7 emotions 2. After each emotion name, identify at least 1 situation that my bring on that emotion Example: Crying: I cried when I was at my grandmother’s funeral (death).

35 Lesson 4 – Managing Emotions Emotions are neither good or bad How you deal with your emotions affects your overall level of health

36 Ways to Manage Difficult Emotions What are some ways to manage your emotions?

37 What are Defense Mechanisms? Defense Mechanisms: –Mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situations

38 Common Defense Mechanisms Fear Guilt Anger

39 Common Defense Mechanisms Repression Suppression Rationalization Regression Denial Compensation

40 Myth or Fact? Q. All defense mechanisms are psychologically unhealthy? A.Myth: There are times it can give you relief and help you cope with problem

41 Responding to Your Emotions Look below surface of your emotion Will it matter tomorrow even? Thought about consequences of your action Use positive feelings to inspire Seek professional help if doesn’t go away


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