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Interpersonal Communication and Relationships Unit 2 Achieving Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Interpersonal Communication and Relationships Unit 2 Achieving Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Interpersonal Communication and Relationships Unit 2 Achieving Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 3

2 What is Mental and Emotional Health? Accept yourself and others Accept yourself and others Express and manage emotions Express and manage emotions Deal with the demands and challenges of life Deal with the demands and challenges of life It is important part of your total health

3 Developing Your Self-Esteem Ch 3, Lesson 1 Characteristics of Good Mental and Emotional Health Sense of belonging – feeling close to others (family, friends, school/support) Sense of belonging – feeling close to others (family, friends, school/support) Sense of purpose – you have value, recognize your importance as an individual Sense of purpose – you have value, recognize your importance as an individual

4 Characteristics of Good Mental and Emotional Health Positive outlook – bright side of life Positive outlook – bright side of life stress and success stress and success Self-sufficiency – confidence to make responsible decisions promoting sense of independence and self-assurance Self-sufficiency – confidence to make responsible decisions promoting sense of independence and self-assurance Healthy self-esteem – accept and recover from difficulties and failures Healthy self-esteem – accept and recover from difficulties and failures

5 Good mental and emotional health helps you develop healthy self- esteem Define self-esteem Define resilient

6 Self-esteem – how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself Self-esteem – how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself Good self-esteem will affect your overall attitude and health choices you make Good self-esteem will affect your overall attitude and health choices you make How does someone develop self- esteem and/or raise self-esteem? How does someone develop self- esteem and/or raise self-esteem?

7 Believe you will succeed, and if you don’t, think about reasons why Believe you will succeed, and if you don’t, think about reasons why Unique abilities – try and try again (new challenges, practice, perspective) Unique abilities – try and try again (new challenges, practice, perspective) “Self-talk” – encourage or criticize? “Self-talk” – encourage or criticize? Positive self-talk will strengthen esteem; replace negative thoughts Positive self-talk will strengthen esteem; replace negative thoughts

8 Benefits of Healthy Self-Esteem: Confidence Try new activities, sports, clubs – learn new tasks, get a job Try new activities, sports, clubs – learn new tasks, get a job Difference between being good at some things not good at all things Difference between being good at some things not good at all things Realistic expectations Realistic expectations

9 Suggestions to improve self-esteem: Choose friends who value and respect you Choose friends who value and respect you Focus on positive aspects Focus on positive aspects Work on accomplishments not perfection Work on accomplishments not perfection Exercise regularly, sleep 8-10 hours/day Exercise regularly, sleep 8-10 hours/day Volunteer to help someone else Volunteer to help someone else Accept the things you can’t change, focus on changing the things you can Accept the things you can’t change, focus on changing the things you can

10 Resilient – handle stress in positive ways; the ability to adapt effectively and recover from disappointment, difficulty, and crisis

11 MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Theory that creates a ranking order of needs for each human to reach their full potential (pg. 70 in Glencoe Health Book) LEVEL 1: PHYSICAL (food,water,sleep,shelter) LEVEL 1: PHYSICAL (food,water,sleep,shelter) LEVEL 2: SAFETY (security from danger) LEVEL 2: SAFETY (security from danger) LEVEL 3: BELONGING (to love and be loved) LEVEL 3: BELONGING (to love and be loved) LEVEL 4: RECOGNITION (achievement & recognition) LEVEL 4: RECOGNITION (achievement & recognition) LEVEL 5: REACHING POTENTIAL (self-actualization) LEVEL 5: REACHING POTENTIAL (self-actualization)

12 Mental and Emotional Health Unit 2 Chapter 3, Lesson 2 Developing Personal Identity and Character

13 Personal Identity and Character Traits Personal Identity: your sense of self as a unique individual Personal Identity: your sense of self as a unique individual Personality: a set of characteristics that makes you unique Personality: a set of characteristics that makes you unique Student activity – write down a list of characteristics about yourself (at least 5 qualities) on the back of your study guide

14 Character: distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels, and behaves Character Traits – Integrity (ethical values) Trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, citizenship – WCPSS School Traits (we follow and practice in school and class) Trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, citizenship – WCPSS School Traits (we follow and practice in school and class)

15 Working toward Positive Identity Recognize your strengths and weaknesses Demonstrate positive values Demonstrate positive values Develop a purpose in your life Develop a purpose in your life Form meaningful relationships Form meaningful relationships Avoid unhealthful high-risk behaviors Avoid unhealthful high-risk behaviors Contribute to the community Contribute to the community

16 Turn to page 75, Figure 3.7, read the “Tips for Promoting a Healthy Identity” and make a list of your skills and strengths… on the same page you listed your characteristics Label the page with the title “My Skills and Strengths” to be turned in at end of lesson for participation grade

17 Mental and Emotional Health Unit 2 Chapter 3, Lesson 3 Expressing Emotions in Healthful Ways

18 Understanding Your Emotions Emotions: signals that tell your mind and body how to react signals that tell your mind and body how to reactHormones: chemicals produced by your glands that regulate the activities of different body cells chemicals produced by your glands that regulate the activities of different body cells

19  Hormones can make you feel as if your emotions are swinging from one extreme to another (i.e. “Mood Swings”). It’s normal to feel overcome by emotions during your teen years

20 Managing Your Emotions Positively through Empathy: the ability to imagine and understand how someone else feels Understand that some people may feel uncomfortable expressing their feelings

21 Learning to recognize and express emotions Ask yourself: Why do I feel this way? Why do I feel this way? Will this event matter later in life? Will this event matter later in life? Why should I wait before responding? Why should I wait before responding? What can I do to feel better? What can I do to feel better? Who can I ask to help me deal with these feelings? Who can I ask to help me deal with these feelings?

22 Responding to Difficult Emotions using Defense Mechanisms: mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situations Sometimes used unconsciously but will still need to resolve the problem

23 Common Defense Mechanisms: RepressionRegressionDenialProjectionSuppressionRationalizationCompensation

24 Damaging Emotions FearGuiltAnger How do you deal with these feelings?

25 Learn to manage damaging emotions: Handling Fear- recognize the fear Handling Fear- recognize the fear Dealing with Guilt – what’s the cause? Dealing with Guilt – what’s the cause? Managing Anger – most difficult to handle Managing Anger – most difficult to handle take time to calm down; relax, breathe deep take time to calm down; relax, breathe deep channel energy in a different direction channel energy in a different direction talk with someone you trust talk with someone you trust

26 Student Activity - Answer the following questions on a sheet of paper to turn in: 1. What are five common defense mechanisms? 2. List three strategies for handling anger in a healthful way. 3. What role do hormones play in affecting a teenager’s emotions? 4. Describe what can happen when you take time to think before you respond to a strong emotion. 5. How can this help you stay healthy?


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