Presentation on theme: "Prepositional, Verbal, and Appositive Phrases Chapter 3, Grammar Book"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prepositional, Verbal, and Appositive Phrases Chapter 3, Grammar Book The PhrasePrepositional, Verbal, and Appositive PhrasesChapter 3, Grammar Book
2 What is Phrase?A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does not contain both a verb and its subject.If a group of words contains both a verb and its subject, it is called a clause.
3 ExamplesAre the following groups of words as a phrase or not a phrase?Was hopingPhraseOn Miriam’s deskIf she really knowsNot a phrase
4 Prepositional Phrases A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, the object of a preposition, and any modifiers of that object.To the pool; at the Jackson’s house; instead of themThe noun or the pronoun in a prepositional phrase is called the object of the preposition.Claire went to the ballet.
5 Adjective PhraseA prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun is called an adjective phrase.Unlike a one-word adjective, which comes usually comes before the word it modifies, an adjective phrase almost always follows the noun or pronoun it modifies.An adjective phrase may also modify a the object of another prepositional phrase.Sometimes two phrases will describe the same word.
6 The Adverb PhraseA prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an adverb phrase.An adverb phrase tells how, when, where, or to what extent.
7 How to tell the difference between adjective and adverb phrases? Adjective phrases almost always follow the words they modify.Adverb phrases may appear at various places in a sentence.99.989% of the time, if a prepositional phrase is at the beginning of a sentence, it is an adverb phrase.
8 The ParticipleA participle is a verb form that can be used as an adjective.We saw the raccoon escaping through the back door.Present participles end in –ing.We ran inside to get out of the pouring rain.
9 The ParticiplePast participles usually end in –d or –ed. Other past participles are formed irregular.A peeled and sliced cucumber can be added to a garden salad.
10 The Participle PhraseA participle phrase is used as an adjective and consists of a participle and any complement or modifiers the participle has.Example:Switching its tail, the mountain lion paced back and forth.The cat hissed at the dog barking in the yard next door.
11 Gerund A gerund is a verb form ending in –ing that is used as a noun. ExampleThe dancing was fun.Shuana tried climbing faster.
12 The Gerund PhraseA gerund phrase consists of a gerund and any modifiers or complements that gerund has. The entire phrase is a noun.ExampleThe gentle pattering of the rain was a welcome sound.I feared skiing down the mountain alone.
13 The InfinitiveAn infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Most infinitives begin with to.ExampleTo fly is glorious.The place to visit is Williamsburg.Sabina jumped to shoot.
14 The InfinitiveSometimes the sign of the infinitive, to, is omitted in the sentence.ExamplesShe’s done all her chores except feed the cat.I’ll help you pack.The dogs like to roam in the field and chase rabbits.
15 The Infinitive PhraseAn infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive and any modifiers or complements the infinitive has. The enitre phrase can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.Example:To make tamales quickly was hard.I wanted him to help me with my algebra.
16 Appositive and Appositve Phrases An appositive is a noun or a pronoun placed beside another nount to identify or describe it.An appositive phrase consists of an appositve and any modifiers it has.An appositive or appositive phrase can be omitted from the sentence and the sentence will still make sense.