Presentation on theme: "Fill in the blanks on the following grammar term definitions…"— Presentation transcript:
1 Fill in the blanks on the following grammar term definitions… Grammar VocabFill in the blanks on the following grammar term definitions…
2 Nouns & Pronouns Nouns _________ Main noun: ________ the noun that is doing the main action.PronounsA word that takes the place of a _______ in a sentenceExamples:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3 Adjectives & Articles Adjectives A word that ___________ or ___________ a _______ or a ___________ArticlesThese include ____, _____, _____They __________ a _____ or ______ phrase in a sentence.If they precede a word with a consonant, then use ____.If they precede a word with a vowel, then use _____.
4 Subject-Verb Agreement The ________ and _________ must agree in ____________.A singular subject takes a _________ verb.A plural subject takes a _________ verb.They ________ (is/are) Everybody ____ (is/are)She _________ (is/are) Sally & John ____(is/are)
5 Adverbs & Irregular Verbs Just as adjectives modify ______, Adverbs modify ______.They modify by answering the questions:________? ________? _______? _____________?Irregular VerbsVerbs consist of three parts: ________, _________, _________Regular verbs end in “___” for simple _____ and past participle.Irregular verbs do ____ follow this pattern.Examples:Be, ____________, beenDo, _______, doneGet, got, _________
6 Conjunctions & Prepositions A word that ______ TWO _______________ (IC) or ______________ together.Coordinating examples: __________________________________________________________________________________________Subordinating examples: __________________________________________________________________________________________PrepositionsThese sit _______ a noun or pronoun.These convey a _______, ____________, or ___________ meaning.Anywhere the squirrel can go!Prepositional phrases consist of:PREPOSITION + OBJECT OF THAT PREPOSITION“TO the STORE”Examples: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7 VerbalsThe other verbs in a sentence (besides the main verb, which is called the ____________) have jobs to do!Each word in a sentence that appears as a verb/action word is called by a name based on their job in the sentence.The following are names of verbals…
8 GerundsA gerund is a verbal that ends in _______ and functions as a _______ in the sentence.Because it looks like a verb, but it functions as a ___________, it can be used as a ________, ______ object, _______ complement, and object of the ______________.Example:My friend’s favorite activity is sleeping.Swimming is a satisfying way to work out.
9 Participle A participle is used as an _____________. It often ends in ______ or _____.Since they act as adjectives, they often modify __________ or ____________.There are two types:1. ___________ participles, ending in _____And 2. _________ participles, ending in ____________________________________Examples:The smiling dog looked suspicious.Defeated, she went over to the beaten child.
10 Infinitives An infinitive consists of the word _____ plus a verb. Formula= to + verbThese function as a _________, __________, or __________ in the sentence.It can be used as the __________, _______ object, _________ complement, _________, or ___________ in a sentence.These are sometimes confused with prepositional phrases. The word “to” is used as a preposition IF IT IS FOLLOWED BY A NOUN—THE OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION. If “to” is followed by a VERB, it is an infinitive*******Examples:She wants us to learn.To die is man’s greatest fear.
11 CommasLists…A comma goes after every item in a series or list UNTIL the ____________.A list is three or more things.2. Compound SentencesWhen two _____________ clauses join, they must have a semi-colon or a comma-conjunction between them.3. Complex SentencesWhen a _____________ clause is used at the _____________ of the sentence, and it is followed by an ________________ clause, a comma must separate the clauses.There are nine rules to commas……make them your friend
12 Commas4. If a long phrase (not a complete sentence) is used at the beginning of a sentence, and it is followed by an ________________ clause, they must be separated by a comma. 5. If a _______ or ________ interrupts a sentence, use commas on _______ sides. 6. Commas are used to set off a non_________ clause. These are the WHISPER of information that is _____ necessary for the completion of the sentenceMore rules….
13 Commas7. Commas are used to set off a ___________ verb Such as…. __________, ______________, ______________ If the conjunctive adverb is at the beginning of the sentence, place the comma ______ the adverb. If the conjunctive adverb is at the end of the sentence, place the comma _________ the adverb. If the conjunctive adverb is within the sentence, place the comma(s) __________ the adverb 8. When using two _____________ without a _____________ between them, place a comma between the two adjectives.Almost there…
14 Commas9. Commas are used to clarify addresses Whenever words in an address need to be _________ from one another, use commas.And finally….