Published byGriselda Ross Modified over 8 years ago
Fill in the blanks on the following grammar term definitions…
Grammar Vocab Fill in the blanks on the following grammar term definitions…
Nouns & Pronouns Nouns _________
Main noun: ________ the noun that is doing the main action. Pronouns A word that takes the place of a _______ in a sentence Examples: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Adjectives & Articles Adjectives
A word that ___________ or ___________ a _______ or a ___________ Articles These include ____, _____, _____ They __________ a _____ or ______ phrase in a sentence. If they precede a word with a consonant, then use ____. If they precede a word with a vowel, then use _____.
The ________ and _________ must agree in ____________. A singular subject takes a _________ verb. A plural subject takes a _________ verb. They ________ (is/are) Everybody ____ (is/are) She _________ (is/are) Sally & John ____(is/are)
Adverbs & Irregular Verbs
Just as adjectives modify ______, Adverbs modify ______. They modify by answering the questions: ________? ________? _______? _____________? Irregular Verbs Verbs consist of three parts: ________, _________, _________ Regular verbs end in “___” for simple _____ and past participle. Irregular verbs do ____ follow this pattern. Examples: Be, ____________, been Do, _______, done Get, got, _________
Conjunctions & Prepositions
A word that ______ TWO _______________ (IC) or ______________ together. Coordinating examples: __________________________________________________________________________________________ Subordinating examples: __________________________________________________________________________________________ Prepositions These sit _______ a noun or pronoun. These convey a _______, ____________, or ___________ meaning. Anywhere the squirrel can go! Prepositional phrases consist of: PREPOSITION + OBJECT OF THAT PREPOSITION “TO the STORE” Examples: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Verbals The other verbs in a sentence (besides the main verb, which is called the ____________) have jobs to do! Each word in a sentence that appears as a verb/action word is called by a name based on their job in the sentence. The following are names of verbals…
Gerunds A gerund is a verbal that ends in _______ and functions as a _______ in the sentence. Because it looks like a verb, but it functions as a ___________, it can be used as a ________, ______ object, _______ complement, and object of the ______________. Example: My friend’s favorite activity is sleeping. Swimming is a satisfying way to work out.
Participle A participle is used as an _____________.
It often ends in ______ or _____. Since they act as adjectives, they often modify __________ or ____________. There are two types: 1. ___________ participles, ending in _____ And 2. _________ participles, ending in ____________________________________ Examples: The smiling dog looked suspicious. Defeated, she went over to the beaten child.
Infinitives An infinitive consists of the word _____ plus a verb.
Formula= to + verb These function as a _________, __________, or __________ in the sentence. It can be used as the __________, _______ object, _________ complement, _________, or ___________ in a sentence. These are sometimes confused with prepositional phrases. The word “to” is used as a preposition IF IT IS FOLLOWED BY A NOUN—THE OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION. If “to” is followed by a VERB, it is an infinitive******* Examples: She wants us to learn. To die is man’s greatest fear.
Commas Lists… A comma goes after every item in a series or list UNTIL the ____________. A list is three or more things. 2. Compound Sentences When two _____________ clauses join, they must have a semi-colon or a comma-conjunction between them. 3. Complex Sentences When a _____________ clause is used at the _____________ of the sentence, and it is followed by an ________________ clause, a comma must separate the clauses. There are nine rules to commas… …make them your friend
Commas 4. If a long phrase (not a complete sentence) is used at the beginning of a sentence, and it is followed by an ________________ clause, they must be separated by a comma. 5. If a _______ or ________ interrupts a sentence, use commas on _______ sides. 6. Commas are used to set off a non_________ clause. These are the WHISPER of information that is _____ necessary for the completion of the sentence More rules….
Commas 7. Commas are used to set off a ___________ verb Such as…. __________, ______________, ______________ If the conjunctive adverb is at the beginning of the sentence, place the comma ______ the adverb. If the conjunctive adverb is at the end of the sentence, place the comma _________ the adverb. If the conjunctive adverb is within the sentence, place the comma(s) __________ the adverb 8. When using two _____________ without a _____________ between them, place a comma between the two adjectives. Almost there…
Commas 9. Commas are used to clarify addresses Whenever words in an address need to be _________ from one another, use commas. And finally….
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