Presentation on theme: "Section 3 Response to Crisis: Absolutism. Big Idea: The emergence of Absolute power."— Presentation transcript:
Section 3 Response to Crisis: Absolutism. Big Idea: The emergence of Absolute power.
Response to Crisis in Europe Increasing monarchies power=stability –Absolutism: ruler holds total power –Divine Right power from God & answer only to God
(Absolutism of France) Louis XIII Chief minister: Cardinal Richelieu –Goal: strong monarchy Took political & military rights of Huguenots Executed threats Louis XIV –Chief minister: Cardinal Mazarin Took power from nobles
Louis XIV (14 th ) “Sun King” Lived at Versailles 1.House of Louis XIV 2.state offices & officials home (nobles)-didn’t trust. –busy court life- kept out of politics Louis XIV’s absolute power over policy Church –Huguenots to Catholicism Taxes
Louis XIV Economy & War Economy –Jean-Baptiste Colbert -finances mercantilism –decreased imports –increased exports –subsidies ($) to new industries Military –Large army =power/ competitor –4wars –goal-territory=power Coalitions form against France Died 1715 –debt & enemies
Other’s who follow Absolutism –Prussia Frederick William the Great Elector –General War Commissariat: taxes for large army & civil gov. agency –Russian Czars (monarch) Ivan the Terrible –Crushed Boyars (nobilities) power –Peter the Great “Europeanize” Russia Enlarged army-draft peasants