Vladimir Lenin 1870-1924 Founded the Bolshevik Party. Lenin was a Marxist Ideologist. Lenin was exiled for many years, but returned in April 1917 and led a revolt against the Kerensky Government
Leon Trotsky 1879-1924 Trotsky played a leading role in the October Revolution. In 1918 he organized the Red Army and led it to victory during the civil war against the White forces.
Bread, Land, Peace Lenin and the Bolsheviks promised the people what they wanted most: Food for the cities. End Russia’s involvement in WWI Land for the peasants.
The Bolshevik Revolution November 6, 1918 On the night of November 6, 1918 Lenin and the Bolsheviks strike. The Bolsheviks seize control of the government in Petrograd.
The Bolshevik Revolution On November 7, 1918 the Petrograd Soviet voted to support Lenin’s overthrow of the Provisional Government. Fighting continued for a week.
Civil War 1918-1921 Reds VS Whites (Bolsheviks) Lenin Kerensky Trotsky VS Anti - Stalin Bolsheviks
Czar Nicholas II When the Bolsheviks came to power the imperial family was sent to the Ural Mountains. The Czar and his family were executed on July 16, 1918 in the town of Ekaterinburg.
Results of the Civil War The Red Army under the leadership of Leon Trotsky defeated the White forces.
Results of the Bolshevik Revolution Formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922 under the control of Lenin,Trotsky,and Stalin. Formation of a communist government (classless society) based on the ideas of Karl Marx. The idea of a continued revolution to spread the ideas of Communism.
Lenin Restores Order New Economic Policy (NEP) –Peasants can sell surplus, private small businesses, encouraged foreign investment Communist Party held all the power Lenin suffers stroke in 1922 –Josef Stalin “man of steel” vying to control communist party