2 Czar Nicholas II Became ruler of Russia in 1894. Believed in absolute ruleMade efforts to bring industrialization to Russia
3 The Problems of Russian Industrialization Factories were built quickly and poorlyWages were extremely lowWorking conditions were terribleChild labor was tragically common
4 The Seeds of Revolution The ideas of Karl Marx found there way to Russia, and the workers began to think that they could run their own lives…and their own country.The idea of a society ruled by the Proletariat “the workers” began to grow.
5 The Seeds of Revolution Bloody Sunday (1905)200,000 workers went to the summer palace in St. Petersburg to request individual rights, better working conditions, and a national legislature. Troops were ordered to open fire on the crowd. More than 1,000 were killed or injured.
6 The Seeds of Revolution World War One ( )4 million casualties in the first year of fightingSevere lack of food and fuel both at home and on the front linesTrouble for Nicholas IICzar not able to handle the problems created by World War I effectively.
7 March, 1917Striking workers call for the Czar to step down from power.Troops were called out, and the protestors were fired on. These troops soon turned on their officers and joined the revolutionariesCzar Nicholas Abdicates – March 17, 1917
8 “Down with the 10 Capitalist ministers “Down with the 10 Capitalist ministers. All power to the Soviets of workers, soldiers, and peasant deputies. To the socialist ministers, we demand that Nicholas II be transferred to the Peter-Paul Fortress.”
10 Revolutionaries Split Into Groups BolsheviksMensheviksSmall core groupProfessional revolutionariesStrict control of the movementBroad base of revolutionariesPopular supportA common man’s movement
11 Provisional Government The Duma (Russian Parliament) formed a provisional governmentThey intended to continue fighting the GermansRevolutionaries don’t like this government either, so they began to form Soviets (local councils)
12 Enter Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Charismatic, gifted, Bolshevik administratorExiled in GermanySent back in a sealed railroad carBegins to gain a lot of support with his rallying cry for “Peace, Land, and Bread”
13 Bolsheviks Come To Power Bolshevik forces storm the Winter Palace in November, The provisional government is removed.Lenin orders the redistribution of land to the peasants of Russia.In order to establish peace with Germany, the Bolsheviks give up a huge amount of Russian territory. This earns them many enemies.
14 Russian Civil War The Bolsheviks formed the Red Army Led by Leon TrotskyEveryone else grouped together as the White Army:MensheviksCapitalistsCzaristsNon-Lenin Socialists
15 Results of the Russian Civil War 14,000,000 Russians dead because of fighting and famineBolsheviks Remained in powerRenamed themselves the CommunistsKarl Marx’s name for a classless society1922 – Russia is divided into self governing districts and renamed: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
16 Joseph Stalin Comes to Power Lenin has a strokeTrotsky forced into exileStalin “Man of Steel” comes to power. His authority becomes absolute.