Presentation on theme: "US History. War Plans -Roosevelt and British leader Churchill meet -Germany is top priority -only an unconditional surrender is acceptable -Battle of."— Presentation transcript:
War Plans -Roosevelt and British leader Churchill meet -Germany is top priority -only an unconditional surrender is acceptable -Battle of the Atlantic convoy system Liberty ship building program was producing great numbers of ships to supply war -Allies begin strategic bombing of Germany to destroy war capabilities
Eastern Front -initial victories in USSR turn into stalemate and the Russian winter stops German advances -Germany surround key city of Stalingrad, 1942 -Germany is defeated at Stalingrad at great cost turning point of the European war *** -Stalin wants another “front’ to occupy Germany
Africa/Italy -invasion of Northern Africa by British and American troops to fight against Germany’s Afrika Corps led by Erwin Rommel, the Desert Fox -Rommel’s forces eventually defeated at El Alamein -”Soft underbelly” campaign attack Germany through Italy Mussolini is removed from power and Italians declare war on Germany -German troops make Italian campaign last many months
D-Day -Allies had planned an invasion of the mainland -Operation Overlord -planned by Dwight Eisenhower -June 6, 1944 -paratroopers invaded behind enemy lines, thousands stormed beaches of Normandy France Omaha Beach Utah Beach -France liberated within weeks General George Patton
The End is Near -Battle of the Bulge Dec. 1944 last German counter-offensive Germany is now in retreat 600,000 US Soldiers, 140K Allied 1/3 of US causalities – frostbite. -massive bombing raids -Roosevelt wins 4th term with Harry Truman -Soviet armies pushing into Germany from the east
Germany started counter Attack in December, wasn’t Counting on American determination!
V-E Day -Big 3 Continue to discuss end of war -U.S. British forces pushing toward Berlin -death camps found and Holocaust is revealed -Roosevelt dies and Truman becomes President -Hitler commits suicide as Russians invade Berlin -Germany surrenders May 1945 -V-E Day (Victory in Europe)