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Bell-work 10/9/14. Objective: Students will be able to compare and contrast the sugar, quartering and stamp Act as acts that angered the American Colonists.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell-work 10/9/14. Objective: Students will be able to compare and contrast the sugar, quartering and stamp Act as acts that angered the American Colonists."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell-work 10/9/14

2 Objective: Students will be able to compare and contrast the sugar, quartering and stamp Act as acts that angered the American Colonists as evidenced by a completed matrix with 80% accuracy Turn open to your unit learning goal, where does our objective fit into level 2 and 3 for the unit goal Title page 37 on your TOC and on page 37, “Lead Up to War Notes”

3 1. Vocabulary Duty: tax on imports Duty: tax on imports Boycott: Refusal to buy certain goods, guess who’s? Boycott: Refusal to buy certain goods, guess who’s? Petition: a formal written request to a government Petition: a formal written request to a government Writs of Assistance: orders that allowed English officials to search for illegal goods without permission Writs of Assistance: orders that allowed English officials to search for illegal goods without permission

4 2. British Rule Leads to Conflict Colonists were proud of their contribution to the French and Indian war Colonists were proud of their contribution to the French and Indian war They expected Britain to be thankful for their help! They expected Britain to be thankful for their help! They expected only a minimum raise in taxes to help pay the war debt (123 million pounds of sterling) That’s a lot! They expected only a minimum raise in taxes to help pay the war debt (123 million pounds of sterling) That’s a lot!

5 3. Pay for what?!! England thought the colonists should pay for 1/3 rd of the war cost England thought the colonists should pay for 1/3 rd of the war cost England’s Prime Minister George Grenville will use TAXES to make the colonists pay! England’s Prime Minister George Grenville will use TAXES to make the colonists pay! "it is just and necessary, that a revenue be raised, in your Majesty's said dominions in America, for defraying the expenses of defending, protecting, and securing the same."

6 4. The Sugar Act 1764 Parliament put a duty or import tax on several products including molasses and sugar Parliament put a duty or import tax on several products including molasses and sugar The act also put in place heavy punishment for smugglers (something the colonists were good at) The act also put in place heavy punishment for smugglers (something the colonists were good at) The sugar act worsened the colonists trade balance The sugar act worsened the colonists trade balance Colonial merchants COMPLAIN! Colonial merchants COMPLAIN! “Our trade is most grievously embarrassed!”

7 5. The 1 st Quartering Act 1765, Parliament passed the Quartering Act to try to enforce the Proclamation of 1763 (about 1,000 soldiers kept in the colonies) 1765, Parliament passed the Quartering Act to try to enforce the Proclamation of 1763 (about 1,000 soldiers kept in the colonies) Forced colonists to house and feed British forces Forced colonists to house and feed British forces The act further increased tensions between England and the colonists The act further increased tensions between England and the colonists The colonists complained parliament was violating their rights The colonists complained parliament was violating their rights

8 6. Stamp Act Passed by Parliament in 1765 Passed by Parliament in 1765 Required all colonists to buy special tax stamps for any printed material (Playing Cards, calendars, papers, books, wills, contracts) Required all colonists to buy special tax stamps for any printed material (Playing Cards, calendars, papers, books, wills, contracts) Virginia’s House of Burgesses’ declares that only Virginia has the right to tax its people! Virginia’s House of Burgesses’ declares that only Virginia has the right to tax its people! Colonial leader Patrick Henry attacked the Stamp Act! Colonial leader Patrick Henry attacked the Stamp Act! “I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!”

9 6. Stamp Act Merchants in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia boycotted or refused to buy British goods Merchants in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia boycotted or refused to buy British goods Delegates from 9 colonies assembled in NY for the Stamp Act Congress Delegates from 9 colonies assembled in NY for the Stamp Act Congress They sent a petition to the King and Parliament demanding the end to the Sugar and Stamp Act They sent a petition to the King and Parliament demanding the end to the Sugar and Stamp Act It worked! In 1766, the Stamp Act was repealed It worked! In 1766, the Stamp Act was repealed

10 7. Declaratory Act When Parliament repealed the Stamp Act it also passed the Declaratory Act in 1766 When Parliament repealed the Stamp Act it also passed the Declaratory Act in 1766 This act said Parliament had total authority over the colonies This act said Parliament had total authority over the colonies Reminder to the colonies of who was in charge! Reminder to the colonies of who was in charge! The success of repealing the Stamp Act was short lived The success of repealing the Stamp Act was short lived That set the stage for more trouble between England the colonies That set the stage for more trouble between England the colonies Take that colonists! I’m in charge and you will obey!

11 Bell-work 11/2/12 Concept Exploration: Concept Exploration: 1. Define in your own words – INTOLERABLE 2. Use the word in a sentence that makes sense to you 3. Can you think of any other words that have the same meaning? EQ: What led to war? EQ: What led to war? Hustle! You only have 5 minutes to complete Bell-work

12 Objective Students will be able to compare/contrast the Tea, Intolerable and Quebec Act as evidenced by a completed matrix with 80% accuracy Turn open to your unit learning goal, where does our objective fit into level 2 and 3 for the unit goal Turn open to page 37, where we can continue, “Lead up to War” Turn open to page 37, where we can continue, “Lead up to War” You must continue learning about how Parliament and I angered the colonies

13 8. Townshend Act Parliament passes in 1767 Parliament passes in 1767 Named for Charles Townshend, “Chancellor of the Exchequer,” AKA the chief treasurer for England Named for Charles Townshend, “Chancellor of the Exchequer,” AKA the chief treasurer for England With the Stamp Act repealed England needs another way to make money With the Stamp Act repealed England needs another way to make money The act set up a system to enforce the duty taxes on: glass, tea, lead, paper The act set up a system to enforce the duty taxes on: glass, tea, lead, paper Act was also made to punish NY for refusing to quarter soldiers, it suspended their assembly Act was also made to punish NY for refusing to quarter soldiers, it suspended their assembly Money is needed to control the colonies!

14 9. Boston Massacre Because of the Townshend Act, colonists again boycotted British goods Because of the Townshend Act, colonists again boycotted British goods This hurt British merchants (why) and they urged Parliament to repeal them This hurt British merchants (why) and they urged Parliament to repeal them Parliament repealed all Townshend Acts on March 5, 1770 except the duty on tea (left in place to show parliament’s right to tax) Parliament repealed all Townshend Acts on March 5, 1770 except the duty on tea (left in place to show parliament’s right to tax) But, the repeal came to late…. But, the repeal came to late….

15 9. Boston Massacre On the same day, March 5 th, 1770 an angry crowd of workers surrounded a small group of soldiers On the same day, March 5 th, 1770 an angry crowd of workers surrounded a small group of soldiers They threw snowballs and rocks at them and yelled They threw snowballs and rocks at them and yelled The soldiers fired into the crowd of colonists, killing 5 and wounding 6 The soldiers fired into the crowd of colonists, killing 5 and wounding 6 The first to fall for the cause of American Independence was Crispus Attucks, an A.A. sailor The first to fall for the cause of American Independence was Crispus Attucks, an A.A. sailor Only two soldiers of the 9 were convicted of wrongdoing…their thumbs were branded Only two soldiers of the 9 were convicted of wrongdoing…their thumbs were branded

16 10. Tea Act Parliament passes in 1773 Parliament passes in 1773 Many colonists drank tea and were paying the tax with every cup they drank Many colonists drank tea and were paying the tax with every cup they drank Many colonists boycotted Tea Many colonists boycotted Tea They were paying a tax that Parliament had placed on them without consent They were paying a tax that Parliament had placed on them without consent The act was intended to help the British East India Company (one of England’s most important and profitable) create a monopoly in the colonies (No Dutch tea) The act was intended to help the British East India Company (one of England’s most important and profitable) create a monopoly in the colonies (No Dutch tea) The colonists boycott of tea was hurting the company The colonists boycott of tea was hurting the company

17 11. Boston Tea Party A group of colonists called the Sons of Liberty-we’ll talk more about them, organized in port cities against the East India Tea to stop tea from being unloaded A group of colonists called the Sons of Liberty-we’ll talk more about them, organized in port cities against the East India Tea to stop tea from being unloaded They threatened the ship captains and also the colonial merchants who bought the tea to sell in the colonies They threatened the ship captains and also the colonial merchants who bought the tea to sell in the colonies No tea was unloaded in NY Philadelphia, or other ports No tea was unloaded in NY Philadelphia, or other ports But in Boston, governor Thomas Hutchinson made sure the tea was unloaded But in Boston, governor Thomas Hutchinson made sure the tea was unloaded

18 11. Boston Tea Party He did this by refusing the captains the papers they needed to return to England, therefore the tea would be unloaded He did this by refusing the captains the papers they needed to return to England, therefore the tea would be unloaded Tension built in Boston over the next 2 weeks Tension built in Boston over the next 2 weeks On the night of December 16, 1773 colonists disguised as Natives boarded the tea ship and threw 342 cases of tea into the harbor On the night of December 16, 1773 colonists disguised as Natives boarded the tea ship and threw 342 cases of tea into the harbor They destroyed 9,000 pounds of tea They destroyed 9,000 pounds of tea

19 12. Intolerable Acts The Boston Tea Party outraged the British government and the King and Parliament would punish Boston with the Intolerable Acts….there were 4 new laws The Boston Tea Party outraged the British government and the King and Parliament would punish Boston with the Intolerable Acts….there were 4 new laws 1. Close Boston’s Port: as of June 1 st, 1774 and remain closed until the tea is paid for (10,000 pounds of sterling) 1. Close Boston’s Port: as of June 1 st, 1774 and remain closed until the tea is paid for (10,000 pounds of sterling) 2. Removed old governor: Thomas Hutchinson replaced by General Thomas Gage 2. Removed old governor: Thomas Hutchinson replaced by General Thomas Gage

20 12. Intolerable Acts Removed the Mass. Legislature Removed the Mass. Legislature 3. Strengthened the Quartering Act: soldiers were strategically placed in homes around the Son’s of Liberty 4. Quebec Act: set up a government for the territory taken from France in Claimed land between the Ohio and the Missouri rivers as part of Canada. It took away the western land from the colonists 

21 12. SUMMARY In one paragraph, at the bottom of your Cornell notes describe how British rule (the ACTS) lead to conflict. In other words how specifically did the Acts hurt the colonies, use specific examples. I will be coming around to check your summary I will be coming around to check your summary Write

22 Reflection and Progress Chart Using our objective today (c), where do you rate yourself? 0-4 Complete (c) on your student progress chart on page 34 Are you confused about how England’s rule led to conflict? What can you do to move up a level? Be sure to complete your progress chart for objective C! Or you might just start a war!

23 Bell-work 10/9/14 Finish Evaluation Finish Evaluation Finish your solider comparison from yesterday— answer the 3 evaluation questions on the back thoughtfully (more than a sentence). Finish your solider comparison from yesterday— answer the 3 evaluation questions on the back thoughtfully (more than a sentence). EQ: How did the war begin? EQ: How did the war begin? TSWBAT evaluate the battles of Lexington and Concord TSWBAT evaluate the battles of Lexington and Concord HW: OCA DUE TOMORROW! HW: OCA DUE TOMORROW!

24 Objective Students will be able to examine the battle of Lexington and Concord as they relate to the origins of the American Revolution as evidenced by completed battle notes with 80% accuracy. Where does today’s objective fit into level 2 and 3 of the unit learning goal? Where does today’s objective fit into level 2 and 3 of the unit learning goal? What is the difference in difficulty between level 2 and 3 for our objective? What is the difference in difficulty between level 2 and 3 for our objective? Title page 28 “The shot heard ‘round the world” in your TOC Title page 28 “The shot heard ‘round the world” in your TOC Where does our objective fit into the Unit Learning Goal?

25 Battle of Lexington and Concord War is on the horizon….. War is on the horizon….. John Hancock and Sam Adams meet secretly to buy weapons John Hancock and Sam Adams meet secretly to buy weapons The weapons were hidden in Concord, Massachusetts The weapons were hidden in Concord, Massachusetts In April, 1775, KG3 told General Thomas Gage to mobilize soldiers. (Get them ready) In April, 1775, KG3 told General Thomas Gage to mobilize soldiers. (Get them ready) Thomas Gage sent British soldiers, led by Lt. Col. Frances Smith to take the weapons the American militias were storing in Concord and capture Adams and Hancock Thomas Gage sent British soldiers, led by Lt. Col. Frances Smith to take the weapons the American militias were storing in Concord and capture Adams and Hancock Go get the American’s weapons!

26 Battle of Lexington and Concord On April 18, 1775 Gage sends 700 troops to go get the weapons and capture the traitors (Patriots) Everyone was waiting for this moment, Sons of Liberty had been preparing for this, they were tipped off by an informant Gage had two options: Go up the Charleston River or go by land Gage had two options: Go up the Charleston River or go by land Paul Revere signaled using two lamps in a Church window that he was going by river and followed Gage upriver Paul Revere signaled using two lamps in a Church window that he was going by river and followed Gage upriver William Dawes took the land route William Dawes took the land route Paul Revere and William Dawes, members of the Sons of Liberty, rode out to warn the militiamen that “The regulars are out!” Paul Revere and William Dawes, members of the Sons of Liberty, rode out to warn the militiamen that “The regulars are out!”

27 Fun Fact Regulars It is a myth that Revere and other riders shouted, "The British are coming!" This warning would have confused a good many of the Americans living in the countryside who still considered themselves British. The Regulars were known to be British soldiers. #regularsareout

28 Revere’s ride…he never made it We set off for Concord, and were overtaken by a young gentleman named Prescot, who belonged to Concord, and was going home. When we had got about half way from Lexington to Concord, the other two stopped at a house to awake the men, I kept along.... In an instant I saw four of them, who rode up to me with their pistols in their bands, said ''G---d d---n you, stop. If you go an inch further, you are a dead man.'' Immediately Mr. Prescot came up. We attempted to get through them, but they kept before us, and swore if we did not turn in to that pasture, they would blow our brains out, (they had placed themselves opposite to a pair of bars, and had taken the bars down). They forced us in. When we had got in, Mr. Prescot said "Put on!" He took to the left, I to the right... Just as I reached it, out started six officers, seized my bridle, put their pistols to my breast, ordered me to dismount, which I did. – Paul Revere, "Account of Midnight Ride to Lexington" (1775)

29 Battle of Lexington When the British soldiers got to Lexington, the militiamen were waiting for them When the British soldiers got to Lexington, the militiamen were waiting for them No one knows who fired the first shot, “…the shot heard round the world.” No one knows who fired the first shot, “…the shot heard round the world.” Fighting broke out; 7 minutemen were killed Fighting broke out; 7 minutemen were killed The British continued marching to Concord arrived at 7am The British continued marching to Concord arrived at 7am

30 Battle of Lexington and Concord The minutemen met them again at Concord Bridge The minutemen met them again at Concord Bridge 400 minutemen fought the British, killing minutemen fought the British, killing 3 As the British retreated to Boston, 4,000 Americans fired at them from behind trees and fences As the British retreated to Boston, 4,000 Americans fired at them from behind trees and fences By the time the Red Coats made it back to Boston…almost 300 of them had been killed By the time the Red Coats made it back to Boston…almost 300 of them had been killed British were surprised by the strength of the Americans British were surprised by the strength of the Americans KG3 will send 3 more Generals to America: John Burgoyne, William Howe, and Henry Clinton KG3 will send 3 more Generals to America: John Burgoyne, William Howe, and Henry Clinton

31 Summary and Progress Chart Summarize the battles of Lexington and Concord. Assess their significance in the Road to Revolution Using our objective today (e), where do you rate yourself? 0-4 Complete (e) on your student progress chart

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33 Bell-work 11/7/12 Looking at page 157: Looking at page 157: Read Lord Dunmore’s Declaration Read Lord Dunmore’s Declaration 1. Who was Lord Dunmore? 2. Why did he write his Declaration? 3. How does he encourage indentured servants and black slaves to join the Red Coats? 4. How could Patriots accuse Dunmore of being unfair? EQ: How did the Colonists prepare for WAR? Your homework tonight is to read section 4 or Ch. 5, write into your agenda

34 Objective Students will be able to compare/contrast the first and second Continental Congress as evidenced by student participation in Congresses and groups evaluations/questions with 80% accuracy. Where does today’s objective fit into level 2 and 3 of our Unit learning Goal? Where does today’s objective fit into level 2 and 3 of our Unit learning Goal? What is the difference in difficulty level between 2 and 3 for our objective What is the difference in difficulty level between 2 and 3 for our objective TOC: Page 42-2 nd Continental Congress TOC: Page 42-2 nd Continental Congress How can you get to a level 3 for objective F?

35 1. First Continental Congress 1774, in response to the Intolerable Acts (after the S.O.L. dumped the tea in Boston Harbor) 1774, in response to the Intolerable Acts (after the S.O.L. dumped the tea in Boston Harbor) 55 men met in Philadelphia 55 men met in Philadelphia asked Parliament to repeal all acts passed since 1763 asked Parliament to repeal all acts passed since 1763 Agreed to form militias Agreed to form militias Famous members included: John and Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry and George Washington Famous members included: John and Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry and George Washington

36 2. You Decide What Happens Next After Lexington and Concord, what would the colonists need to accomplish at the 2 nd Continental Congress After Lexington and Concord, what would the colonists need to accomplish at the 2 nd Continental Congress In other words, evaluate in your groups what you think the goals of the Congress should be and why In other words, evaluate in your groups what you think the goals of the Congress should be and why Remember we have only just fought in the first 2 battles Remember we have only just fought in the first 2 battles You have ten minutes You have ten minutes

37 2. 2 nd Continental Congress 1775 called in response to the battles of Lexington and Concord 1775 called in response to the battles of Lexington and Concord Called in Philadelphia on May 10, Delegates included: Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock (president) and Benjamin Franklin Delegates included: Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock (president) and Benjamin Franklin What are our goals gentlemen?!

38 2. 2 nd Continental Congress At first the Congress was divided at what to do. At first the Congress was divided at what to do. But all delegates felt that they needed to prepare for war But all delegates felt that they needed to prepare for war They had 2 goals at the Congress They had 2 goals at the Congress Preparations for war must be made!

39 2. 2 nd Continental Congress 1.Write a letter to KG3: “The Olive Branch Petition” It was an attempt at peace, the colonists told KG3 he was listening to the wrong people (Parliament) It was an attempt at peace, the colonists told KG3 he was listening to the wrong people (Parliament) KG3 refused to read it KG3 refused to read it Now, Many colonists realized war was the only option Now, Many colonists realized war was the only option

40 2. 2 nd Continental Congress 2. Raise and supply an ARMY Need to choose a general, George Washington is chosen because he has experience, he wanted the job, and he was from the South Need to choose a general, George Washington is chosen because he has experience, he wanted the job, and he was from the South Important because we needed the South involved in the war too, not just the northern Massachusetts militia. I will lead the Patriots to VICTORY!

41 Summary and Progress Chart Summarize: Compare and Contrast the 1 st and 2 nd Continental Congress’. Why were they called? What were the goals? What did they accomplish? Complete your student progress chart for objective F What did you do today to get a level 3?

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43 Bell-work 11/5/12

44 Objective Students will be able to evaluate the importance of the early battles included Fort Ticonderoga of the American Revolution as well as petitions to the King as evidenced by completed Cornell notes and summary with 80% accuracy. Where does this fit into level 2 and 3 for our Unit Learning Goal What is the difference in difficulty between level 2 and 3 for objective H and I TOC page 43: Early War Battles

45 1. Petitioning the King

46 Battle of Bunker Hill June 16, 1775 Colonel William Prescott and militiamen set up forts on Breed’s Hill and Bunker Hill near Boston

47 Battle of Bunker Hill The British charged up the hill with bayonets drawn Prescott ordered his men not to fire until “you see the whites of their eyes!” because they were low on ammo.

48 Battle of Bunker Hill The British won the battle, but over 1000 of their soldiers were dead or wounded

49 The Declaration of Independence In 1776, delegates like John and Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, and George Washington met in Philadelphia at the Second Continental Congress. They were joined by Ben Franklin, John Hancock and Thomas Jefferson

50 The Declaration of Independence They agreed to form a Continental Army, led by George Washington They sent a letter called the Olive Branch Petition to King George III asking for peace and to listen to their complaints.

51 The Declaration of Independence In 1776, Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet (a small book) called Common Sense It convinced many people that independence was necessary, that it was “common sense!” Many people were convinced by Paine’s pamphlet to become Patriots

52 The Declaration of Independence In June, 1776, Thomas Jefferson was chosen to write a declaration to send to the king This document became the Declaration of Independence It was signed on July 4, 1776 in Philadelphia

53 The Declaration of Independence Though the colonies were NOT yet independent, the D. of I was a strong statement of their feelings It made it clear to the world that the colonies intended to fight for their freedom

54 American Revolution Acrostic On a piece of notebook paper, create an acrostic that: – Mentions at least four things that helped to cause the American Revolution (look back at your T- chart on page 53) – Mentions at least four things that happened in the early days of the Revolution (use today’s notes) – The last two letters are your choice.

55 Bellringer, 11/15/11 Get out your bellringer sheet and a pen or pencil. Number today’s bellringer box 1-4…we’ll be watching a BrainPOP video about the Causes of the American Revolution. Be prepared to write down four facts as you watch the video.

56 Bellringer, 11/16/11 Please get out your assigned iPad Log on to the network and open up Safari. Go to Please wait for further instructions.

57 Bellringer, 11/17/11 Look at the picture called Bunker Hill on page 131 of the textbook 1.Who painted this? 2.Who is the man standing in the picture? 3.Why do you think the artist painted him standing like that? 4.Do you think he really was standing like that? Why? 5.Do the soldiers look like regular army soldiers? Why or why not?

58 After the Test…. Glue your study guide to page 59 of your notebook. Work on your homework: 5-4 and 5-4 guided reading activity Turn in if finished. Work on any makeup work you owe me. Begin working on Ch. 6 Title page, on page 60 in your notebook. Remember, it should have: – A title – Three pictures related to the chapter – At least three colors. Begin reading Chapter 6-1.


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