Presentation on theme: "Democracy in the Age of Jackson The Struggle Over States’ Rights."— Presentation transcript:
Democracy in the Age of Jackson The Struggle Over States’ Rights
Objectives Describe why the tariff of 1828 was called the Tariff of Abomination Define the concepts of nullification and states’ rights Compare and contrast John C. Calhoun and Daniel Webster’s views of nullification Explain in your own opinion why or why not a state should have the power to nullify federal laws
A Crisis Over Tariffs Southerners called the 1828 tariff the “Tariff of Abominations”Tariff of Abomination John C. Calhoun supported states’ rights and argued for nullificationnullification Calhoun resigned as Vice President because of the disagreement with Jackson
John C. Calhoun (SC)
The Nullification Crises Calhoun was then elected as US Senator from South Carolina 1832 Congress lowered the tariff rate slightly SC was unhappy and passed the Nullification Act
The Nullification Crisis SC said the new tariff was illegal and threatened to secede if challenged Jackson threatened to send troops into SC to enforce the tariff Clay proposed a compromise tariff Calhoun could live with SC finally repealed the Nullification Act
Sectionalism What are the sections we are talking about? What are the major differences?
Tragedy for Native Americans Indian nations in the Southeast lived on fertile land that was good for growing cotton Jackson did not care for the Indians and sided with the whites Few Native Americans wanted to move 1830 Congress approved the Indian Removal Act
Tragedy for Native Americans 1832 Cherokee Indians went to the Supreme Court in Worchester v. Georgia Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in favor of the Cherokees Jackson refused to enforce the Court’s decision
Trail Of Tears A Georgia soldier who took part in the removal wrote, "I fought through the War Between the States and have seen many men shot, but the Cherokee Removal was the cruelest work I ever knew"
Trail of Tears "We are now about to take our leave and kind farewell to our native land, the country that the Great Spirit gave our Fathers, we are on the eve of leaving that country that gave us birth...it is with sorrow we are forced by the white man to quit the scenes of our childhood... we bid farewell to it and all we hold dear." Charles Hicks, Tsalagi (Cherokee) Vice Chief on the Trail of Tears, August 4, 1838
Trail of Tears Write an entry in a soldier’s diary describing a day on the “Trail”. What did you see, do, hear, smell, talk about, how do you feel about the removal and the trip?