Presentation on theme: "Absolutism Unit Plan 9 th grade Social Studies Fall 2010 Unit 4."— Presentation transcript:
Absolutism Unit Plan 9 th grade Social Studies Fall 2010 Unit 4
The Big Picture When faced with crises, many heads of government take on additional economic and political powers. In France, a century of war and riots led to an increase in power by Henry IV and Louis XIII and the establishment of absolutism by Louis XIV. In England, absolute power was challenged during a civil war, which resulted in the creation of a limited monarchy.
Why we study this unit: Louis XIV’s use of absolute power led to a revolution that would inspire the call for democratic governments throughout the world. The experiences of the British under a monarchial system greatly influenced the framers of the U.S. constitution.
Essential Questions: 1.How did Henry IV end France's war of religion? 2.How did Louis XIII and Richelieu strengthen the French monarchy? 3.How did Louis XIV create an absolute monarchy?
Essential Questions 4. How did the Tudors and Stuarts differ in their relationship with parliament? 5. What were the causes and results of the English Civil War? 6. What was the significance of the Glorious Revolution?
Units: Last Unit: Protestant Reformation Current Unit: Absolutism Next Unit: The Enlightenment
Learning Activity/Assessment 10/29: France Under Louis XIV Part 1 11/2: Theory of Absolutism ppt. 11/2: France Under Louis XIV Part 2 11/4: Path to Absolutism ppt 11/4: France Under Louis XIV Guided Reading 11/5: Life at Versailles 11/5: The Establishment of Absolute Power in France 11/6: Legacy of Louis XIV 11/6: Type II writing: Establishment of Absolutism
Unit Terms & Name (France) absolute monarchy divine right Henry IV Huguenots St. Bartholomew’s Day Edict of Nantes Louis XIII Richelieu Louis XIV Versailles Estates General Balance of Power War of Spanish Succession Treaty of Utrecht intendant Mazarin Colbert
Answers to the Essential Questions:
How did France rebuild after its wars of religion? Henry IV laid the foundations of royal absolutism and Richelieu increased royal power at the expense of the Huguenots and nobles
How did Louis XIV strengthen royal power? Louis XIV never called a meeting of the Estates General, strengthened the army, used intendants in the provinces, and cemented ties with the middle class
What successes and failures did Louis XIV experience? France became the most powerful country in Europe and French culture became dominate. Costly failures included constant warfare, persecution of Huguenots, and building the palace of Versailles.
Essential Questions: How did the Tudors and the Stuarts differ in their relations with Parliament? How did the English Civil War lead to the rise of the Commonwealth? What were the causes and results of the Glorious Revolution?
Learning Activity/Assessment 11/6: Triumph of English Parliament part 1 11/10: Triumph of English Parliament part 2 11/11: English Rulers Timeline 11/11: Limits on Royal Power ppt. 11/12: English Civil War notes 11/13: Unit Review
Unit Terms & Names (England) Tudors Stuarts James I Parliament Dissenters Puritans Charles I Petition of Right William Laud Long Parliament English Civil War Cavaliers Roundheads Cromwell House of Lords Commonwealth Republic Levellers
Unit Terms & Names (England) Lord Protector Rule by Saints Charles II Restoration of the Monarchy James II Glorious Revolution William and Mary English Bill of Rights Habeas Corpus Toleration Act limited monarchy
Answers to the Essential Questions:
How did the Tudors and the Stuarts differ in their relations with Parliament? The Tudors consulted and controlled Parliament while the Stuarts clashed with Parliament over absolute power, money, foreign policy, and religion
How did the English Civil War lead to the rise of the Commonwealth? The English Civil War challenged absolutism and revolution triumphed making way for the formation of a republic and the end of the English monarchy
What were the causes and results of the Glorious Revolution? Parliament invited James’s Protestant daughter to take the throne fearing the country would return to Catholicism. William and Mary took power without any bloodshed and were forced to sign the English Bill of Rights which created a limited monarchy