3What Do You Notice About These Pictures Similarities, Differences?
4Before We Start! Read this slide COMPLETELY! Minimize this PowerPoint so you can see the desktopFind the GoogleEarth IconIt looks like thatDouble Click to Open itCome back to the PowerPoint
5Early TombsThe earliest Egyptian tombs were nothing more than small pits dug in the desert
6Early Tombs: PitWhen someone died, they were taken out and buried in the desert
7Early Tombs: PitLater on though, as religion grew, the people began to be buried with food and some of their possessions.Why were they buried with food and possessions?
8The Burial Chambers are the white boxes with blue tops Early Tombs: MastabasEventually though, the Egyptians began to create more elaborate tombs called MastabasThe Burial Chambers are the white boxes with blue tops
9Early Tombs: MastabasAt first the pharaohs used the Mastabas’s, but later they became used by nobles
10Early Tombs: MastabasGo to Google Earth, and in the search bar, copy and paste, or type this:,You will be flown to the Great Pyramids ComplexTo the West and the East of the Great Pyramids you will be able to see pictures of the Mastabas and the actual Mastabas themselves
11PyramidsAs time went on, the use of Mastabas gave way to the Pyramids.The first pyramids were step pyramids
12Step Pyramid: DjsoerThe step pyramid of Djsoer is the best example of this.It is the first large scale stone project and was built over 19 yearsIt is 203ft tall and 411ft x 358 ft
13Step Pyramid: DjsoerYou will now join Dr. Zahi Hawass, the lead archeologist in charge of Egyptian antiquity as you explore the Step Pyramid of Djsoer
14Step Pyramid: DjsoerGo back to Google Earth, and search for these coordinates:,You will be flown to the Pyramid of Djsoer ComplexWhat do you notice that is different compared to the Mastabas? Similar?Make sure you click the different pictures to see different angles
15PyramidsEventually, the Egyptians began to build even larger and more grand Pyramids.The most famous are the 3 “Great Pyramids of Giza”
16The Great Pyramids Made up of three pyramids KhufuKhafreMenkaureThis is also where the Sphinx is located
17The Great PyramidsGo back to Google Earth, and search for these coordinates:,You will be flown to the Great Pyramids ComplexWhat do you notice about how the Pyramids are aligned?What about the similarities and differences between the Great Pyramids and the Step Pyramid
18Virtual Tour of the Pyramids Minimize the PowerPoint after clicking on the following link.You will be redirected to a virtual tour of the pyramids very similar to the virtual tour of the Roman Villa we did as a classENJOY!
19Game Time!Now that you know a little bit more about the Pyramids, and using the knowledge from our earlier classes, you are tasked with building the a Pyramid for the Pharaoh.Follow the link below and good luckWouldn’t want the pharaoh to have you executed
20The Valley of the KingsEventually, due to tomb robbers, the Egyptians began to bury there dead in secretThey began to bury them in a place called the “Valley of the Kings”Located on the West Bank of the Nile near Luxor
21Valley of the KingsReturn to Google Earth and search using the following coordinates:,You will be flown immediately to the Valley of the KingsUse the navigation arrows to show the view as if you were looking down from the mountain top:Based on the geography, why do you think the Egyptians buried their dead here?
22King TutOne of the most famous tombs discovered in the Valley of the Kings is that of King TutIt was discovered in 1922 by Howard CarterDiscovered when no one thought there were not any more undiscovered tombsKing Tut’s Burial Mask
23King Tut’s TombWhen Carter opened up the tomb and stuck a candle into the tomb, he was blinded by the brightnessThe tomb had never been touchedIt was filled from floor to ceiling with Tut’s possessions, many of them made from solid gold!
24Furniture in the Ante Chamber Two of King Tut’s Golden Thrones King Tut’s Golden Couch
25King Tut Go to Google Earth, and search the following coordinates ,Obviously King Tut’s tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings, but where at?
26King Tut’s TombNow, to experience what it must have been like to discover King Tut’s tomb, you will take a very brief tour of the tomb.Minimize the PowerPoint and go to the link below and enjoy!
27Game Time!!To further understand the death rituals in Ancient Egypt, you are going to put what we have learned about mummies to use.Go to the following link and prepare Pharaoh Ramose for burial
28Ramses II (Ramses the Great) Ramses II is considered the most famous and powerful of all the New Kingdom pharaohsHe built huge temples and statues to honor himself, so it is no surprise that his tomb is considered one of the grandest
29Entrance to Ramses II Tomb Wall Art in the Tomb: Horus and Osiris Staircase leading to Burial Chamber
30Sons of Ramses Tomb Ramses II was estimated to have over 50 sons. It is believed that at one time many of them were buried in this tomb before it was robbedIt is the largest known tomb in the Valley of the Kings and is still being cleared todayTomb Entrance
31Sons of Ramses Tomb As you can see it is very large. Because only 7% of the tomb is cleared, it is not open to the public.