Presentation on theme: "Traveling up the Nile :D The Egyptian Nile Sail Boats, also know as Fedoras. To rent one of these bad boys, you’ll be expected to pay no less than."— Presentation transcript:
The Old Kingdom 2700 BCE-2200 BCE Pharaohs had absolute power and were considered gods on Earth. Pharaohs were buried in pyramids during only this time period in history. After building a few pyramids, the Pharaohs realized the pyramids were easy to spot, making tomb robbing more likely. Things changed by the Middle Kingdom.
The New Kingdom Known as Egypt’s expansive period Egypt expanded its borders through military conquest and became a world power. Pharaohs were all powerful, all the pharaohs were buried in the same geographic area called the Valley of the Kings.
The Pyramids of Egypt The Step Pyramid of Djoser The Maidum Pyramid The Bent Pyramid The Red Pyramid The Great Pyramid The Pyramid Of Khafre The Pyramid Of Menkaure The Pyramid Of Pepi 2
The Step Pyramid Of Djoser It was intended to hold Pharaoh Djoser’s mummified body. It started traditional flat roofed mastaba, but by the end of his 19 year reign, it had risen 6 step layers and stood 204 feet high. Making it the largest building of it’s time.
The Maidum Pyramid It was influenced by the Step Pyramid Of Djoser. The first Egyptian pyramid with an above ground burial chamber. Today on the 3 highest step are visible above the shifting sands, fallen debris, and sloping base.
The Bent Pyramid The first Egyptian attempt at a smooth-sided pyramid. The cult of Snefru was centered at the Bent Pyramid, even though he was never buried there.
The Red Pyramid It boasted a single burial chamber that was accessed through 2 smaller chambers. It was the first true pyramid. Snefru may have been buried here. It seems likely that his son, Pharaoh Khufu, finished the construction after his father’s death quickly.
The Great Pyramid The worlds largest pyramid. It was order to be constructed by Pharaoh Khufu. It has 3 burial chambers. The first is underground, carved into bedrock, the second is above ground called the queens chamber, the third is the kings chamber, placed exactly at the center. It has 2.3 million stone blocks weighing 2.5 to 15 tons each.
The Black Pyramid This pyramid is known as The Black Pyramid because of its dark color. It was made out of mud rock and clay, instead of stone. Constructed by Pharaoh Amenemhat 3 at Dashur. Pharaoh Amenemhat 3 reigned for 46 years and his reign was known as a very peaceful and prosperous time in Egypt.
Temple Medinet Habu Located on the West Bank of Luxor, Medinet Habu is the Arabic name for a huge temple complex second only to Karnak in size and better preserved. Pharaohs Hatshepsut and Tutmosis III built a small temple dedicated to Amun on the site. Next to their temple, Ramesses III built his mortuary temple, Medinet Habu’s largest standing monument. Ramesses III then enclosed both structures within a massive mud-brick wall that included storehouses, workshops, and residences.
Temple of Kom Ombo Situated on a high dune overlooking the Nile, The Temple of Kom Ombo is an unusual double temple built during the Ptolemaic dynasty. The actual temple was started by Ptolemy VI Philometor in the early second century BC. The Temple of Kom Ombo is actually two temples and everything is duplicated along the main axis. There are two entrances, two courts, two colonades, two hypostyle halls and two sanctuaries.