Presentation on theme: "Howard Carter and his backer Lord Carnavon standing by the wall leading to the intact burial chamber of King Tut."— Presentation transcript:
Howard Carter and his backer Lord Carnavon standing by the wall leading to the intact burial chamber of King Tut.
This alabaster sculpture of King Tutankhamun (1332 to 1323 B.C.) is one of the Egyptian treasures in the exhibition "Tutankhamun: The Golden BeyondTreasures from the Valley of the Kings." The exhibition is in Germany until it comes to the U.S. next year. It includes more than 120 artifacts from Tutankhamun's tomb and other ancient Egyptian landmarks.
Rendered in gilded wood and faience, this coffin was specifically designed to hold King Tutankhamun's mummified internal organs, which were believed to be essential equipment for the afterlife.
In the shape of a cartouche, this gilded wood chest from King Tutankhamun's tomb is inlaid with ivory, ebony, and various colored pastes. A cartouche is an oval figure enclosing a sovereign's name.
Studded with semiprecious stones, this crown was found on the head of King Tutankhamun's mummified body and was probably worn by the pharaoh in life.
This elaborate headrest (used instead of a pillow) is made of elephant ivory. When in use, the back of the king's neck would rest on the curved support. The carved figure represents Shu, the god of the atmosphere, and the two lions on the base represent the eastern and western horizons. As well as being a functional object, this headrest has symbolic and ritual meanings too.
Sarcophagus of Stillborn Infants
Tutankhamun's tomb contained a number of gaming boards for the game of Senet. The rules of the game are not certain, but it was for two players, whose aim was to knock their opponent off the board. The number of squares moved was decided by throwing sticks (used like dice today).
Painted Wooden Chest One of the most intricately decorated objects in the tomb, this wooden chest, which was found in the Antechamber, illustrates the innovation of the frenzied battle. A fierce confrontation takes place on both sides of the box; pictured here is the king in his chariot fighting against the Asiatics.
Pectoral of Kheper Scarab On this pectoral, the outer face is inlaid with colored glass and semi-precious stones, the reverse with chased decoration. The motif of the scarab pushing solar disc has been elaborated to form the king's prenomen, Nebkheprure.
The most elaborate of Tutankhamun's thrones is made of wood completely covered in gold, and in some places silver, with inlay of coloured semi-precious stones and glass paste.
The back depicts the seated Tutankhamun, with his queen, Ankhesenamun, anointing him with perfume, beneath a floral pavilion. The rays of the sun god Aten shine on the couple, giving them the sign for life, the Ankh.
Several beds were found in the tomb (including one that folded up for travelling). This example is of gilded wood, with an intact base of woven string. A headrest would have been used instead of a pillow, and the rectangular board at one end of the bed is a foot-board (not a head-board as in modern beds). The frame of the bed is supported on feline legs.
This throne is made from wood, which is partly gold plated and inlaid with minute pieces of ivory, ebony, semi-precious stones and coloured glass. The high curved back is fitted to a stool with crossed legs carved to represent the necks and heads of ducks. The deeply curved seat (designed to hold a cushion) is inlaid with ebony and ivory in imitation of a spotted animal skin.
Tutankhamun's tomb contained 413 Ushabti figures, intended to represent the king and to help him with certain duties in the afterlife.
Canopic Jar Stoppers
Gold Dagger and Sheath Daggers were used by the ancient Egyptians from predynastic times onwards, though examples dating from the Old Kingdom are exceedingly rare. During the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom they were generally made of copper or bronze; gold, apart from its use for purposes of embellishment, was probably reserved for royalty. Daggers
Crook and Flail The emblems of Osisris, they were carried by kings on some ceremonial occasions. The crook was found in a casket on top of a lion bed in Tutankhamun's tomb
Gold Gilded Wooden Chariot
Rigid Udjat Eye Bracelet
Decorated Scarab It is evident from the tubular projections at both ends that the beetle, or scarab, was attached to a larger ornament, and the damaged condition of the projection at the back end suggests that the missing part was torn from the scarab by the ancient robbers. scarab
Gold Death Mask of Tutankhamun
Outer-Sarcophagus #1 The young boy king was buried in three nested sarcophaguses. The outer-first sarcophagus measured 7.3 feet.
Recumbent Figure of Anubis This recumbent figure of a jackal represents the god Anubis. Slightly more than three feet long, it crouched protectively near the entrance to the Treasury.jackalAnubis
A 25-foot replica statue of the Egyptian god Anubis travels past the Statue of Liberty in advance of the “Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs” at Discovery Times Square Exposition.