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Dictionary of Ancient Egypt S Westwood 2010. A symbol of ‘eternal life ankh S Westwood 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Dictionary of Ancient Egypt S Westwood 2010. A symbol of ‘eternal life ankh S Westwood 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dictionary of Ancient Egypt S Westwood 2010

2 A symbol of ‘eternal life ankh S Westwood 2010

3 archeologist A person who looks for and studies artifacts from long ago. S Westwood 2010

4 artifact something e.g. a pot, tool, statue - that tells us about the past. S Westwood 2010

5 Canopic jars Vessels containing the inner organs of the deceased, generally four, in the form of the sons of Horus. S Westwood 2010

6 cartouche The name of a pharaoh in hieroglyphs surrounded by an oval band. S Westwood 2010

7 Chariot A two wheeled horse drawn vehicle. S Westwood 2010

8 Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs wore a crown or a head- cloth. The most important of these was the double crown it meant the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. crown S Westwood 2010

9 A unit of measure 1) Short cubit: 6 hands = 24 fingers; 2) Royal cubit : 7 hands = 28 fingers - 52.3 cm cubit S Westwood 2010

10 A picture of the eye of the very important god Horus. A symbol of protection and truth. Eye of Horus S Westwood 2010

11 Gods & Goddesses Anubis God of the Dead has the head of a jackal Bastet cat headed Goddess of the home a gentle protective goddess S Westwood 2010

12 Gods & Goddesses Horus falcon headed god looked after the pharaohs Isis wife of Osiris Goddess of women and children S Westwood 2010

13 Osiris God of death and rebirth, the underworld and the Earth. Ra Ra was the sun god Man with hawk head and headdress with a sun disk. S Westwood 2010

14 a way of writing that uses pictures to show words or sounds. hieroglyphics- S Westwood 2010

15 An English archeologist who worked in Egypt looking for artifacts. Howard Carter and Lord Caenarvon discovered Tutankamen ‘s tomb on November 4 th 1922. Howard Carter S Westwood 2010

16 Karnak A city of temples near the ancient city of Thebes. Thebes is now called Luxor. S Westwood 2010

17 Memphis Old Kingdom capital of Egypt (near Cairo). S Westwood 2010

18 mummification - Ancient Egyptian method of preserving dead bodies. mummy S Westwood 2010

19 The river that runs through the middle of Egypt. Nile S Westwood 2010

20 Marks on river side rocks that recorded the height of the Nile flood each year but the most important ones were at Elephantine Island. Nilometer S Westwood 2010

21 Pharaoh Name for the King of Egypt. It means “Great House” or “Palace”. S Westwood 2010

22 Queens of Egypt Ancient Egypt had some very powerful queens. Cleopatra Queen of Egypt in 51 BC. Later ruled with her brothers Ptolemy X111 and Ptolemy X1V. Hatshepsut Queen of Egypt from about 1473 – 1458 BC. Nefertiti Queen of Pharaoh Akhenaten 1352- 1336 BC. S Westwood 2010

23 Rameses,Ramesis, Ramesses, Ramses Ramsis These were the names of Pharaohs who reigned during the New Kingdom, 19th and 20th dynasty. S Westwood 2010

24 A structure containing the burial rooms of pharaohs. pyramid S Westwood 2010

25 a stone coffin sarcophagus S Westwood 2010

26 Sacred Egyptian symbol of a beetle. It was a protector of written products scarab S Westwood 2010

27 A race game played in Ancient Egypt. The original rules are still unknown though boards and playing pieces have been found. Senet S Westwood 2010

28 An important city on the Nile. Thebes S Westwood 2010

29 It means “the one who answers”. The ushabti is small statue, sometimes in the form of a mummy, that was placed in a tomb. Ushabti They were thought to take care of or do work for the mummy in their afterlife. S Westwood 2010

30 Valley of the Kings. The valley on the west bank of the Nile at Luxor with ancient tombs that once contained mummies and valuables S Westwood 2010

31 Close to the Valley of the Kings. Burial tombs of ancient Queens. Valley of the Queens S Westwood 2010

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