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Chapter 44: Baking Basics Chapter 45: Quick Breads

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1 Chapter 44: Baking Basics Chapter 45: Quick Breads
Unit 5 Chapter 44: Baking Basics Chapter 45: Quick Breads

2 Red Lobster Biscuits… Red Lobster bakes and serves more than 395 million of its famous Cheddar Bay Biscuits every year. 395 million cheese biscuits would stretch a whopping 15,585 miles, or the distance of a trip from our New York restaurant in Times Square all the way to Shanghai, China — and back!

3 Chapter 44: Baking Basics

4 Ingredients for Baking

5 Flour Helps give structure to baked products
Gluten: develops as flour is mixed with liquid, the longer the mixing time - the stronger the gluten will be

6 Liquids Make possible many physical and chemical changes that add structure and texture within baked products Examples: Water, Milk, Juice, Buttermilk, Sour cream, Yogurt Baked goods are made from either batters or doughs Batter vs. Dough (see next slide) Higher ratio liquid to dry ingredients = batter Higher ratio dry to liquid ingredients = dough

7 Pour batters: equal amounts of liquid and flour
Creates a thin and flowing pour Cakes, pancakes, waffles Drop batters: Twice as much flour as liquid Dropped by spoonfuls onto pan Quick breads, cookies Soft doughs: One part liquid to 3 parts flour Sticky but moldable Yeast breads, rolled biscuits Stiff doughs: One part liquid to 6-8 parts flour Easiest to handle Pie crusts, some rolled cookies

8 Leavening Agents A substance that triggers a chemical reaction that makes baked products grow larger, or rise. Examples: Air, Steam, Baking soda, Baking powder, Yeast

9 Fats Add richness and flavor to baked goods
Exact effect depends on the make up of the fat Solid Fats: butter, margarine, shortening, lard Add volume by trapping air Oils: corn, canola, olive, vegetable Add moistness and density, rather than volume

10 Sweeteners Add flavor, tenderness, and browning
Examples: Sugars (granulated, confectioner’s, brown), Honey, Molasses, Corn syrup

11 Eggs The “MULTITASKER” Yolks Albumen Coagulation
Fat adds flavor, color, richness, and tenderness Fats create emulsion (binding liquids and fats together in a recipe so they don’t separate) Albumen Beating the egg white proteins adds air and volume Coagulation Heating eggs helps to set the structure

12 Flavorings Add variety to baked products
Examples: spices, liquid extracts, dried fruit, chopped nuts, chocolate, etc.

13 The Baking Process Choose oven temperature Choose and prepare the pans
Preheat Choose and prepare the pans grease and flour, cooking spray, line with paper Consider proper oven placement when baking see figure 44-7, page 617 Remove from pan see steps on page 618 Store cool before storing, sealed container at room temp.

14 Chapter 45: Quick Breads

15 Quick Breads Leavened by agents that allow immediate baking
Examples: air, steam, baking soda, baking powder Most quick bread are made by one of two different mixing methods Muffin Method or Biscuit Method

16 Muffin Method of Mixing
Lightly mixing liquid ingredients into dry ingredients, creating a product with a course yet tender texture. AVOID OVERMIXING overmixing leads to a baked product that is chewy or has tunnels inside and peaks on top

17 Biscuit Method of Mixing
Solid fat is added to the dry ingredients before the liquids are lightly mixed in. Biscuits are either rolled or dropped Kneading: work dough with hands to combine ingredients and develop gluten

18 Directions: Complete the Venn diagram
Directions: Complete the Venn diagram. Compare/contrast the following mixing methods Biscuit Method vs. Muffin Method

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