Red Lobster Biscuits… Red Lobster bakes and serves more than 395 million of its famous Cheddar Bay Biscuits every year. 395 million cheese biscuits would stretch a whopping 15,585 miles, or the distance of a trip from our New York restaurant in Times Square all the way to Shanghai, China — and back!
Chapter 44: Baking Basics
Ingredients for Baking
Flour Helps give structure to baked products Gluten: develops as flour is mixed with liquid, the longer the mixing time - the stronger the gluten will be
Liquids Make possible many physical and chemical changes that add structure and texture within baked products Examples: Water, Milk, Juice, Buttermilk, Sour cream, Yogurt Baked goods are made from either batters or doughs Batter vs. Dough (see next slide) Higher ratio liquid to dry ingredients = batter Higher ratio dry to liquid ingredients = dough
Pour batters: equal amounts of liquid and flour Creates a thin and flowing pour Cakes, pancakes, waffles Drop batters: Twice as much flour as liquid Dropped by spoonfuls onto pan Quick breads, cookies Soft doughs: One part liquid to 3 parts flour Sticky but moldable Yeast breads, rolled biscuits Stiff doughs: One part liquid to 6-8 parts flour Easiest to handle Pie crusts, some rolled cookies
Leavening Agents A substance that triggers a chemical reaction that makes baked products grow larger, or rise. Examples: Air, Steam, Baking soda, Baking powder, Yeast
Fats Add richness and flavor to baked goods Exact effect depends on the make up of the fat Solid Fats: butter, margarine, shortening, lard Add volume by trapping air Oils: corn, canola, olive, vegetable Add moistness and density, rather than volume
Eggs The “MULTITASKER” Yolks Fat adds flavor, color, richness, and tenderness Fats create emulsion (binding liquids and fats together in a recipe so they don’t separate) Albumen Beating the egg white proteins adds air and volume Coagulation Heating eggs helps to set the structure
Flavorings Add variety to baked products Examples: spices, liquid extracts, dried fruit, chopped nuts, chocolate, etc.
The Baking Process 1. Choose oven temperature Preheat 2. Choose and prepare the pans grease and flour, cooking spray, line with paper 3. Consider proper oven placement when baking see figure 44-7, page Remove from pan see steps on page Store cool before storing, sealed container at room temp.
Chapter 45: Quick Breads
Quick Breads Leavened by agents that allow immediate baking Examples: air, steam, baking soda, baking powder Most quick bread are made by one of two different mixing methods Muffin Method or Biscuit Method
Muffin Method of Mixing Lightly mixing liquid ingredients into dry ingredients, creating a product with a course yet tender texture. AVOID OVERMIXING overmixing leads to a baked product that is chewy or has tunnels inside and peaks on top
Biscuit Method of Mixing Solid fat is added to the dry ingredients before the liquids are lightly mixed in. Biscuits are either rolled or dropped Kneading: work dough with hands to combine ingredients and develop gluten
Directions: Complete the Venn diagram. Compare/contrast the following mixing methods Biscuit Method vs. Muffin Method