Presentation on theme: "The Struggle to Preserve Judaism"— Presentation transcript:
1The Struggle to Preserve Judaism History AliveChapter 12
2IntroductionDiscover how Judaism was preserved even after the Hebrews lost their homeland.
3IntroductionIt was a struggle to preserve Judaism
4The Central Beliefs and Teachings of Judaism Monotheism“the belief that there is only one God”Judaism is the world’s oldest monotheistic religion.Personal relationship with God.God is all powerful, all knowing, and sets the standards to live by.
5The Central Beliefs and Teachings of Judaism Following God’s LawCentral to Jewish lifeThe Torah has the laws and commandmentsTen CommandmentsRules about what to eatReligious practices and holidays
6The Central Beliefs of Judaism Equality and Social JusticeStarting with the Ten Commandments always concerned with equality and social justice.Did not view leaders as Gods.Only one God, need to help others.
7Equality and Social Justice ‘You shall open wide your hand to your brother, to the needy and to the poor.’Caring for the less fortunate people in society is a basic value in Judaism.
8The Central Beliefs and Teachings of Judaism The Importance of StudyStudy of the Torah is important.People also study the Talmud.There is a reverence of study and learning.
9The TalmudThe Collection of ancient Jewish writings that interpret the law of the Torah.
10Foreign Domination and the Jewish Diaspora Fall of Judah in 597 B.C.E.The destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in 586 B.C.E.Threatened Jewish Beliefs.Thousands of Hebrews entered Babylon.The Jewish Diaspora had begun.
11The scattering of the Jewish people to many lands. The Jewish Diaspora
12Rule by the Babylonians Hebrew captives lived in Babylonia for fifty years.Hebrew captives were called Judaeans.The name was shortened to Jews.In 539 B.C.E. the Babylonians were conquered by the Persians.
13Rule by the PersiansIn 539 B.C.E. the Babylonians were conquered by the Persian.Cyrus the Great released the Jewish people from captivity.Some went to Judah.Some stayed in Babylon.
14Rule by the GreeksThe Greek rulers tried to force Jewish people to worship idols of Greek Gods in temples.In 168 B.C.E. the Jewish people rebelled and started a war.Hanukkah is celebrated to honor this victory.
15Rule by the RomansIn 63 B.C.E. the Jews living in Judah were conquered by the Romans.Romans executed more than 50,000 Jewish people.Jewish people could continue to practice their religion.
16Rule by the RomansIn 22 B.C.E., King Herod wanted to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.The Temple took 46 years to complete.
17Rule by the RomansIn 66 C.E. the Jewish people fought off the Romans and managed to keep them out of Jerusalem for four years.
18Rule by the RomansTitus who was Roman, led 60,000 soldiers to fight the Jewish people.The Jewish people were outnumbered and Jerusalem was destroyed again.
19Rule by the RomansThe Jewish people were forbidden from entering Jerusalem.Thousand of Jewish people left their homeland and their holy city
20Preserving and Passing on the Teachings of Judaism After losing their temple and their homeland, the Jewish people were fighting to survive along with preserving their religion.
21Rabbi Yohanan ben Zaccai A rabbi helped to preserve Judaism named Yahanan ben Zaccai.In 66 C.E. the Jewish people were fighting against the Romans.He worried the Rabbis would be killed and the Temple would be destroyed and Judaism would be lost.
22Rabbi Yohanan ben Zaccai Ben Zaccai begged the Jewish people to surrender to the Romans in order to save Judaism.The Jewish people refused.
23Rabbi Yohanan ben Zaccai Ben Zaccai faked his own death and was smuggled out of Jerusalem in a coffin.
24Rabbi Yohanan ben Zaccai He met Vespasian a Roman General and pleaded to start a Jewish school in Yavneh.Together with other rabbis he was allowed to start a school.
25Rabbi Yohanan ben Zaccai Jerusalem fell and Yavneh became the center of Jewish life.
26New Teachers and Practices The rabbis at Yavneh introduced new practices to ensure that the teachings of Judaism would be passed on.Initially only rabbis could read from the Torah.The rabbis decided that any adult male could read from the Torah.
27New Teachers and Practices The synagogue became more important to Jewish life.A synagogue is a house of worship.It is also a place to study, hold meetings, and social gatherings.A synagogue could be built whenever ten men were present.
28New Teachers and Practices New practices helped preserve the religion in the community.
29In 1948, a new Jewish state, Israel was created in part of the lands once ruled by David and Solomon.Israel