Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

World History Chapter 2 Section 5 Roots of Judaism.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "World History Chapter 2 Section 5 Roots of Judaism."— Presentation transcript:

1 World History Chapter 2 Section 5 Roots of Judaism

2 Israelites Monotheistic – belief in one god Monotheistic – belief in one god Hebrew – ancient Israelites Hebrew – ancient Israelites God = all knowing, all powerful, present everywhere God = all knowing, all powerful, present everywhere Torah – sacred text – record of events and laws Torah – sacred text – record of events and laws First five books of the bible – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy First five books of the bible – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Hebrew Bible included 24 books Hebrew Bible included 24 books

3 Ancient Israelites Abraham – lived in Ur in Mesopotamia Abraham – lived in Ur in Mesopotamia Migrated to Canaan with family Migrated to Canaan with family Father of the Israelite people Father of the Israelite people Covenant – binding agreement Covenant – binding agreement Believed God made covenant with Abraham / Jewish people Believed God made covenant with Abraham / Jewish people

4 Two declarations: Two declarations: 1)God declared special relationships with Abraham and his descendents 1)God declared special relationships with Abraham and his descendents 2) Declared Canaan would belong to Israelites 2) Declared Canaan would belong to Israelites Israelites migrated to Egypt and were enslaved Israelites migrated to Egypt and were enslaved Moses – renewed God’s covenant with Israelites Moses – renewed God’s covenant with Israelites Moses led them out of slavery – 40 yrs. In the wilderness – Moses died before they made it Moses led them out of slavery – 40 yrs. In the wilderness – Moses died before they made it

5

6 Kingdom of Israel 1000 B.C. – Established Kingdom of Israel 1000 B.C. – Established Kingdom of Israel Twelve separate tribes – fought Twelve separate tribes – fought Joined by David – second king of Israel Joined by David – second king of Israel Solomon – (David’s son) – turned Jerusalem into an impressive capital - wise Solomon – (David’s son) – turned Jerusalem into an impressive capital - wise

7 Division and Conquest Solomon’s projects cost money – taxed people Solomon’s projects cost money – taxed people Led to revolt – split up Israel Led to revolt – split up Israel Israel in North – Judah in South Israel in North – Judah in South Israel captured by the Assyrians and Judah captured by Babylonian’s Israel captured by the Assyrians and Judah captured by Babylonian’s Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Solomon’s Great temple, forced Israelites into exile in Babylon for 50 years Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Solomon’s Great temple, forced Israelites into exile in Babylon for 50 years

8 Persian Ruler Cyrus the Great – captured Babylon and freed the Israelites Persian Ruler Cyrus the Great – captured Babylon and freed the Israelites Had come from the Kingdom of Judah – became known as the Jews Had come from the Kingdom of Judah – became known as the Jews Rebuilt Solomon’s Great Temple – smaller version and remained under Persian rule Rebuilt Solomon’s Great Temple – smaller version and remained under Persian rule

9 Law and Morality Law is a central concept of Israelites Law is a central concept of Israelites Torah had many laws – called books of law Torah had many laws – called books of law Dealt with everyday matters – cleanliness and food preparation, also criminal behavior Dealt with everyday matters – cleanliness and food preparation, also criminal behavior

10 Israelite Society Patriarchal – men held greatest legal and moral authority Patriarchal – men held greatest legal and moral authority Oldest male was the head of household – arranged marriages for daughters Oldest male was the head of household – arranged marriages for daughters Women – few rights Women – few rights Deborah – judge – won honor Deborah – judge – won honor

11 Ten Commandments Set of laws given to them from God through Moses Set of laws given to them from God through Moses Keeping the Sabbath – holy day Keeping the Sabbath – holy day Honoring parents, no killing, no stealing Honoring parents, no killing, no stealing Prophets – spiritual leaders that interpret God’s will – warned that failure would lead to disaster Prophets – spiritual leaders that interpret God’s will – warned that failure would lead to disaster Ethics – moral standards of behavior – taught by prophets Ethics – moral standards of behavior – taught by prophets

12 All people equal before God All people equal before God Ruler was not seen as a God – leaders were human and had to obey God’s laws Ruler was not seen as a God – leaders were human and had to obey God’s laws After Babylonian captivity – 500 years period – left homeland and moved to different parts of the world After Babylonian captivity – 500 years period – left homeland and moved to different parts of the world Called Diaspora – spreading out of Jews Called Diaspora – spreading out of Jews

13 Settled in close-knit communities in which they followed and obeyed laws and traditions Settled in close-knit communities in which they followed and obeyed laws and traditions Helped them survive/endure centuries of persecution – unfair treatment Helped them survive/endure centuries of persecution – unfair treatment Today Judaism = Major Religion – influenced Christianity and Islam Today Judaism = Major Religion – influenced Christianity and Islam All honor Abraham, Moses, prophets All honor Abraham, Moses, prophets


Download ppt "World History Chapter 2 Section 5 Roots of Judaism."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google