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Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Lydians Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Lydians Chapter 2 Lesson 4.

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Presentation on theme: "Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Lydians Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Lydians Chapter 2 Lesson 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Lydians Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Lydians Chapter 2 Lesson 4

2 The Hebrews Abraham Abraham According to Hebrew Bible, God spoke to Abraham According to Hebrew Bible, God spoke to Abraham Leave homeland and settle in a new land Leave homeland and settle in a new land Canaan Canaan God agreed to look after Abraham and his decedents if they would worship only one God (covenant) God agreed to look after Abraham and his decedents if they would worship only one God (covenant) Monotheism Monotheism

3 Abraham is believed to have been the founder of the Jewish faith Abraham is believed to have been the founder of the Jewish faith Judaism Judaism One of the first monotheistic religions, before all other religions called polytheism One of the first monotheistic religions, before all other religions called polytheism The Hebrews lived in Canaan until moving to Egypt The Hebrews lived in Canaan until moving to Egypt What happened while living in Egypt? What happened while living in Egypt?

4 The Egyptians forced the Hebrews into slavery The Egyptians forced the Hebrews into slavery The practice of one person owning another person The practice of one person owning another person

5 God chose Moses to lead the Hebrews out of Egypt God chose Moses to lead the Hebrews out of Egypt He gave Moses the Ten Commandments He gave Moses the Ten Commandments

6 The Hebrew Bible God gave Moses five books when He gave him the Ten Commandments God gave Moses five books when He gave him the Ten Commandments Torah Torah The first five books of the Hebrew Bible The first five books of the Hebrew Bible Provided guidance and laws for the Jewish people Provided guidance and laws for the Jewish people

7 Israel and Judah The Hebrews lived in tribes and fought against the Canaanites The Hebrews lived in tribes and fought against the Canaanites Deborah, a judge chosen by God, predicted a woman would win the war against Canaan Deborah, a judge chosen by God, predicted a woman would win the war against Canaan Women had little power at this time and Deborah became an important leader of the Hebrew Nation Women had little power at this time and Deborah became an important leader of the Hebrew Nation

8 c B.C., King David united all the Hebrew tribes c B.C., King David united all the Hebrew tribes New kingdom: Israel New kingdom: Israel Solomon, David’s son, built a temple to store the Torah and as a house of worship Solomon, David’s son, built a temple to store the Torah and as a house of worship Solomon took over the kingdom, he was a wise ruler and reigned during a peaceful time Solomon took over the kingdom, he was a wise ruler and reigned during a peaceful time Israel was successful Israel was successful

9 After Solomon’s death, the kingdom split After Solomon’s death, the kingdom split North: Israel North: Israel South: Judah South: Judah Assyrians and Babylonians conquered Israel and Judah Assyrians and Babylonians conquered Israel and Judah The people of Judah continued to practice their faith The people of Judah continued to practice their faith

10 Judaism Today Judaism is practiced by millions of people Judaism is practiced by millions of people They worship in synagogues They worship in synagogues Celebrate Passover Celebrate Passover Holiday that honors the escape of the Hebrews from Egypt Holiday that honors the escape of the Hebrews from Egypt Religious Jewish leaders are called rabbis Religious Jewish leaders are called rabbis

11 Phoenicians and Lydians When Solomon was ruling he set up trading partnerships with neighbors When Solomon was ruling he set up trading partnerships with neighbors The Phoenicians were one group that traded with Solomon The Phoenicians were one group that traded with Solomon Trading port of Carthage Trading port of Carthage Expert sailors Expert sailors Trading linked the world allowing goods and ideas to be shared Trading linked the world allowing goods and ideas to be shared

12 Important Phoenician contribution: Important Phoenician contribution: Modern alphabet Modern alphabet Most of the world used cuneiform and had around 700 symbols Most of the world used cuneiform and had around 700 symbols Phoenician alphabet only had 22 characters Phoenician alphabet only had 22 characters Consonants Consonants The Greeks later added the vowels The Greeks later added the vowels

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14 Phoenician traders had trouble with payments Phoenician traders had trouble with payments Every group had different ways to pay Every group had different ways to pay Bartering Bartering Bars of silver Bars of silver The Lydians are believed to have invented the first coins The Lydians are believed to have invented the first coins The value of the coin was guaranteed by the king The value of the coin was guaranteed by the king


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