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 Chapter 12 “Learning About World Religions: Judaism” Essential Question—What are the central teachings of Judaism and why did they survive to modern.

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Presentation on theme: " Chapter 12 “Learning About World Religions: Judaism” Essential Question—What are the central teachings of Judaism and why did they survive to modern."— Presentation transcript:

1  Chapter 12 “Learning About World Religions: Judaism” Essential Question—What are the central teachings of Judaism and why did they survive to modern day?

2 Lesson Objective:  What am I learning?  I will learn about key Jewish teachings.  I will also discover how Judaism was preserved after most Jews were driven from their homeland. *I will not sue Ms. Brown or The SAE for any inaccurate information about Judaism. I understand that Ms. Brown is doing her best and she is not an expert on religion.

3 Vocabulary  Polytheism—the belief that there are many gods  Monotheism—the belief that there is only one god

4 Vocabulary Continued…  Talmud—the collection of ancient Jewish writings that interpret the laws/teachings of the Hebrew Bible  Ethics—a set of moral principles (values)

5 Vocabulary Continued…  Exile—to banish from one’s own country or home  Jewish Diaspora—scattering of the Jewish people outside their homeland (began ~586 BCE)

6 Vocabulary Continued…  Yavneh—an ancient city in Israel that became a center for Jewish learning

7 Background Information: Divisions, Invasions, and the Start of the Jewish Diaspora  Kingdom of Israel split into the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah after King Solomon died.  The division weakened the kingdoms  Assyria conquered Israel and took its leaders  Babylon invaded Judah  Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to the city of Jerusalem  Nebuchadnezzar burned down Solomon’s great Temple.  Most people were exiled  Jewish Diaspora begins

8 The Central Teachings of Judaism  Judaism—World’s oldest monotheistic religion.  Judaism teaches that God is the source of morality (standards of right & wrong).  *Ethics  In your opinion, how do you know what is right and wrong?  Is it ethical (right) to steal from someone rich and give to the poor?  Or is that bad?  Jews learn about their religion by studying sacred texts.  Jews feel that God is close to them in their daily lives through study & prayer.

9 The Central Teachings of Judaism  The commandments tell how to lead upright and honorable lives.  You shall not murder, you shall not steal, etc.  Do you believe humans need reminders to be good?  OR can we be good on our own?

10 Equality & Social Justice  Two important values that have influenced societies are equality & social justice.  What is equality?  What is social justice?

11 Equality & Social Justice  Many sayings in the Hebrew Bible, teach about treating everyone fairly.  Do you agree with this?  Is this possible?  Is it possible for a teacher to treat everyone fairly?

12 Learning & Studying  Studying the Hebrew Bible, is very important to Judaism.  The Talmud, contains oral tradition along with academic analyses. The Talmud became a basic source of Jewish law.  Throughout history, Jews have emphasized the importance of studying and learning.  How has this helped this religion thrive and prosper?

13 Foreign Rule  The invasion of Judah, the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple threatened the survival of Judaism.  How would you feel about being exiled, scattered, and returning to your land to find it dominated by foreign rulers?  The Jewish captives lived in Babylon for about half a century. From then on, Jews outside their homeland prayed to return.  In 539 BCE, the Persians conquered the Babylonians.  Persian king (Cyrus), ended the Jews’ exile.

14 Foreign Rule  Many Jews returned to Judah, where Cyrus allowed them to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem and to practice their religion.  For nearly 400 years, Judah was ruled by foreigners.  After the Persians came the Greeks. The foreign rulers were often harsh.  Eventually, the Jews rebelled and started a war that spanned more than 20 years.  They drove the Greeks from Jerusalem and reclaimed their Temple. (Jews today celebrate Hannukah in honor of this victory).

15 Think-Pair-Share  How far would you go to defend your beliefs?  Would you go to war?  Would you rebel?

16 To Be Continued…   Lecture will be continued at our next class.


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