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Word Definition or accomplishmentPicture/symbol satrapies satrap Zoroastrianism Cyrus the Great Darius Xerxes Themistocles Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the.

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Presentation on theme: "Word Definition or accomplishmentPicture/symbol satrapies satrap Zoroastrianism Cyrus the Great Darius Xerxes Themistocles Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Word Definition or accomplishmentPicture/symbol satrapies satrap Zoroastrianism Cyrus the Great Darius Xerxes Themistocles Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date RAP RAP (left page) Mapping Skills page 132 Copy and answer questions 1 and 2 1.About 1,700-1,800 miles long 2.It had conquered land just to the north and east of the Greek mainland.

2 WIO (right page) Ch. 4 Sec. 2 Sparta and Athens Date Draw a diagram to compare and contrast Sparta and Athens. You may use any concept/diagram you would like. You must include at least 5 details about each city-state.

3 Ch. 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date RAP RAP (left page)

4 Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date Today it is southwestern Iran Cyrus the Great: united the Persians and began building an empire b/w BC, merciful ruler 539 BC: Persians captured Babylon, northern Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria, Canaan (Israel), and the Phoenicians Later leaders conquered Egypt, western India, and Thrace (north of Greece) Empire was about the size of the continental United States!! Built roads and road stations to keep the empire connected WOW - notes Persian Empire The Persian Empire united a wide area under a single government.

5 Map of Persian Empire

6 Persian Government Large empire very difficult to manage came to throne in 521 BC reorganize government Divided empire into provinces called satrapies, which was ruled by a satrap Satrap served as tax collector, judge, chief of police, recruiter for Persian army Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notes Darius

7 Persian soldiers paid to work full time Greek soldiers were volunteers only during war time. Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notes Military

8 Zoroastrianism Persian Religion Founded by Zoroaster Monotheistic – like Jews believed in one God as creator and force of goodness Recognized evil in the world Goodness triumphs in the end! Some still follow it today! WOW - notes Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date Why did Darius create satrapies?

9 The Persian Wars Mid-500’s BC: Persian controlled Greek cities in Asia Minor Athenian army tried to help them rebel in 499 BC, but Darius defeated them and turned his attention to mainland Greece Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date Both Sparta and Athens played roles in defeating Persia WOW - notes

10 The Battle of Marathon 490 BC: Persian fleet landed at Marathon and waited for Athenian attack Athenians held back b/c they had fewer men Persians decided to attack Athens directly and loaded cavalry onto ships first Then Athens attacked the foot soldiers! Persians defeated! Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notes

11 Another Persian Strike Became King after Darius died in 486 BC Vowed revenge!!!! 480 BC: launched new invasion with 180,000 troops, warships and supplies Athenian general with a plan to fight Persians! Greeks joined forces Spartan king served as commander Sparta provided soldiers and Athens provided the navy Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notes Xerxes Themistocles Leonidas

12 Themistocles’ Plan Greeks knew the Persians depended on food shipments brought in by boat He wanted to attack those ships and cut off food supplies Had to stall the Persian army at Thermoplyae 7,000 Greeks held Persian army off for 2 days for Athenians to assemble 200 ships Ch. 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notes

13 Persians led around behind Greeks King Leonidas and some troops stayed to fight to the death! Greeks lost at Thermopylae, but gave the Athenians enough time to ready their ships Greeks attacked with their faster, smaller ships and destroyed most of the Persian fleet But Persian army marched on and burned the city of Athens (big mistake) Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notes TRAITOR!!! Straight of Salamis

14 The End of the War Northwest of Athens Greek resolve stiffened 479 BC: Greeks came together to form the largest army ever with better weapons and armor Greeks crushed the Persian army saving their homeland Persians then retreated to Asia Minor Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notes Plataea

15 The Fall of the Persian Empire Weakened by the Greeks Had many internal problems Empire remained intact for 150 more years Raised taxes and spent too much Many rebellions made it vulnerable to attack Fighting over the throne (6 out of 9 rulers after Darius were murdered) invaded the empire in 334 BC 330 BC: Alexander succeeds and the Persian Empire falls Ch. 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notes Persia Alexander the Great

16 HW: Finish your WIO. It must be colored! Due Friday Feb. 17 th ! Make an illustrated timeline for the major battles of the Persian Wars. It should include the following battles: The Battle of Marathon, The Battle of Thermopylae, The Battle of Salamis, and The Battle of Plataea Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WIO (right page) Must include: Who When Why Results

17 Battle of Marathon 490 BC Sparta and Athens vs Persia 490 BC 486 BC 480BC 479 BC


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