Presentation on theme: "RAP (left page) Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date Word"— Presentation transcript:
1 RAP (left page) Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date Word Definition or accomplishmentPicture/symbolsatrapiessatrapZoroastrianismCyrus the GreatDariusXerxesThemistoclesMapping Skills page 132Copy and answer questions 1 and 2About 1,700-1,800 miles longIt had conquered land just to the north and east of the Greek mainland.
2 WIO (right page) Ch. 4 Sec. 2 Sparta and Athens Date Draw a diagram to compare and contrast Sparta and Athens. You may use any concept/diagram you would like. You must include at least 5 details about each city-state.
3 RAP (left page) Ch. 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date Geography Skills page 134:Copy and answer questions 1 and 2SalamisThe Persians were deep in enemy territory and very far from their supply basesNow, using the maps in your ISN and the map on pages 132 and 134, draw or sketch a map of Greece and its surrounding areas. Label the following places:1. Persia2. Marathon3. Thermopylea4. Salamis5. Plataea
4 Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WOW - notesThe Persian Empire united a wide area under a single government.Persian EmpireToday it is southwestern IranCyrus the Great: united the Persians and began building an empire b/w BC, merciful ruler539 BC: Persians captured Babylon, northern Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria, Canaan (Israel), and the PhoeniciansLater leaders conquered Egypt, western India, and Thrace (north of Greece)Empire was about the size of the continental United States!!Built roads and road stations to keep the empire connected
6 Large empire very difficult to manage Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesPersian GovernmentLarge empire very difficult to managecame to throne in 521 BC reorganize governmentDivided empire into provinces called satrapies, which was ruled by a satrapSatrap served as tax collector, judge, chief of police, recruiter for Persian armyDarius
7 Persian soldiers paid to work full time Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesMilitaryPersian soldiers paid to work full timeGreek soldiers were volunteers only during war time.
8 Recognized evil in the world Goodness triumphs in the end! Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesZoroastrianismPersian ReligionFounded by ZoroasterMonotheistic – like Jews believed in one God as creator and force of goodnessRecognized evil in the worldGoodness triumphs in the end!Some still follow it today!Why did Darius create satrapies?
9 Mid-500’s BC: Persian controlled Greek cities in Asia Minor Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesBoth Sparta and Athens played roles in defeating PersiaThe Persian WarsMid-500’s BC: Persian controlled Greek cities in Asia MinorAthenian army tried to help them rebel in 499 BC, but Darius defeated them and turned his attention to mainland Greece
10 Athenians held back b/c they had fewer men Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesThe Battle of Marathon490 BC: Persian fleet landed at Marathon and waited for Athenian attackAthenians held back b/c they had fewer menPersians decided to attack Athens directly and loaded cavalry onto ships firstThen Athens attacked the foot soldiers! Persians defeated!
11 Another Persian Strike Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesAnother Persian StrikeXerxesThemistoclesLeonidasBecame King after Darius died in 486 BCVowed revenge!!!!480 BC: launched new invasion with 180,000 troops, warships and suppliesAthenian general with a plan to fight Persians!Greeks joined forcesSpartan king served as commanderSparta provided soldiers and Athens provided the navy
12 Greeks knew the Persians depended on food shipments brought in by boat Ch. 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesThemistocles’ PlanGreeks knew the Persians depended on food shipments brought in by boatHe wanted to attack those ships and cut off food suppliesHad to stall the Persian army at Thermoplyae7,000 Greeks held Persian army off for 2 days for Athenians to assemble 200 ships
13 Persians led around behind Greeks Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesTRAITOR!!!Straight ofSalamisPersians led around behind GreeksKing Leonidas and some troops stayed to fight to the death!Greeks lost at Thermopylae, but gave the Athenians enough time to ready their shipsGreeks attacked with their faster, smaller ships and destroyed most of the Persian fleetBut Persian army marched on and burned the city of Athens (big mistake)
14 The End of the War Plataea Northwest of Athens Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesThe End of the WarPlataeaNorthwest of AthensGreek resolve stiffened 479 BC: Greeks came together to form the largest army ever with better weapons and armorGreeks crushed the Persian army saving their homelandPersians then retreated to Asia Minor
15 The Fall of the Persian Empire Ch. 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! DateWOW - notesThe Fall of the Persian EmpirePersiaAlexanderthe GreatWeakened by the GreeksHad many internal problemsEmpire remained intact for 150 more yearsRaised taxes and spent too muchMany rebellions made it vulnerable to attackFighting over the throne (6 out of 9 rulers after Darius were murdered)invaded the empire in 334 BC330 BC: Alexander succeeds and thePersian Empire falls
16 Ch 4 Sec 3: Persia Attacks the Greeks! Date WIO (right page)HW: Finish your WIO. It must be colored! Due Friday Feb. 17th ! Make an illustrated timeline for the major battles of the Persian Wars. It should include the following battles: The Battle of Marathon, The Battle of Thermopylae, The Battle of Salamis, and The Battle of PlataeaMust include:WhoWhenWhyResults
17 EXAMPLE Battle of Marathon 490 BC Sparta and Athens vs Persia 486 BC