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Bellwork 6 mins! Good Afternoon Finish working on “Lesson 2 Worksheet”

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Presentation on theme: "Bellwork 6 mins! Good Afternoon Finish working on “Lesson 2 Worksheet”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bellwork 6 mins! Good Afternoon Finish working on “Lesson 2 Worksheet”
Get handouts from the back counter Bellwork 6 mins! Good Afternoon Finish working on “Lesson 2 Worksheet” Finish Athens Foldable

2 Review: Name one way Cleisthenes made Athens government more democratic. 1. List the three groups who were not helped by the changes. 2. 3. 4.

3 Lesson 1 and 2 Quiz

4 Lesson 3 Greece and Persia
pp. 248 – 255 Essential Question: Why did conflict develop?

5 Vocabulary Satrapies – the territory governed by a governor = government official Satrap – the governor of a province in ancient Persia Zoroastrianism – a Persian religion based on the belief of one god

6 Read: Persia’s Empire P. 248

7 Persia’s Empire Persians were building an empire when the government of Athens was undergoing political changes Persian homeland was located in modern-day southwestern Iran

8 Cyrus the Great Cyrus the Great built a strong Persian army
Began creating an empire that became the largest in the ancient world

9 Read: Creating an Empire

10 Creating an Empire Persia conquered Mesopotamia, Syria, Judah, and the Greek city-states of Anatolia Cyrus treated conquered people fairly Allowed them to keep their own languages, religions, and laws Allowed the Jews to return to Israel

11 Armies took over Egypt, western India, and lands northeast of Greece
From the west to the east stretched 3,000 miles (this is about the size of the continental United States today)

12 Persian Roads Persians improved the roads begun by the Assyrians
Royal Road was 1,500 miles from Persia to Anatolia Messengers could travel from Persia to Anatolia in just seven days The same trip would have taken 3 months before the road was built


14 Read: Persian Government

15 Persian Government Darius I ruled Persia from 522 to 486 BC
Divided the empire into provinces called satrapies Each satrapies ruled by a governor called a satrap (means “defender of the kingdom”) Satrap collected taxes, judged legal cases, managed the police, and recruited soldiers for the Persian army

16 Persian Army Persian maintained a full-time, paid, professional army
Best fighters were 10,000 soldiers called the “Immortals” because when one died another soldier immediately took his place

17 Read: Who was Zoroaster?
Pp. 250 – 251

18 Who was Zoroaster? Persians were polytheistic
A teacher named Zoroaster Preached a monotheistic religion Religion was called Zoroastrianism

19 Zoroastrianism Taught one supreme god
God was called Ahura Mazda or “Wise Lord” Ahura Mazda was creator of all things Leader of the forces of good Believes people were free to choose between good and evil Religion still has about 200,000 followers today. Most in South Asia.

20 Progress Check How did Persian rulers unite their vast empire?

21 Read: The Persian Wars P. 251

22 The Persian Wars Persians clashed with the Greeks
Greeks in Anatolia revolted against Persia Athenians sent warships to help rebels Persians crushed the uprising King Darius decided to punish the Greeks

23 Read: How Did the Greeks Win at Marathon?

24 How Did the Greeks Win at Marathon?
Darius sent a fleet of 600 ships and army to invade Greece Persians landed at Marathon Persians waited for the Greeks to fight Athenians had only 10,000 troops compared to the Persian’s 20,000 soldiers

25 Persians sailed to Athens to attack by sea
Persians loaded their ships with cavalry As soon as the Persians had their horsemen on their ships, Athenians charged down the hills Athenians caught the Persians foot soldiers standing in the water Persians suffered a terrible defeat

26 Marathon A messenger ran 25 miles from Marathon to Athens with news of the victory When he reached Athens he cried “Victory” Then collapsed and died from exhaustion Today’s marathon races are named for him and are just over 26 miles

27 Read: Land and Sea Battles

28 Land and Sea Battles Persians vowed revenge
Xerxes invaded Greece with 200,000 troops and thousands of warships The Greek city-states banded together to fight the Persians

29 Battle of Thermopylae King Leonidas of Sparta supplied soldiers
Themistocles of Athens directed Greek naval forces Themistocles wanted to attack the Persian’s ships and cut off the army’s supplies To do this, King Leonidas of Sparta had to stop the Persian army from reaching Athen

30 Battle of Thermopylae King Leonidas led 7,000 soldiers into a battle that lasted for three days A traitor showed the Persians a trail leading behind the Greeks Realizing he would soon be surrounded, Leonidas dismissed most of the troops Leonidas and 300 Spartans remained a fought to the death

31 The Spartan’s heroic stand gave Themistocles time to attack Persia’s ships
Athenian fleet lured the Persian fleet into the strait of Salamis near Athens Athenian ships were smaller and faster Most of the Persian fleet was destroyed Persian foot soldiers set Athens on fire

32 Battle at Plataea Combined forces of the Greek city-states formed their largest army yet Improved fighting with better armor and weapons Greek army faced Persians at Plataea Two sides evenly matched with 100,000 men Greeks defeated the Persians Freed Anatolia from Persian rule Peace did no come until 449 BC

33 Read: Decline of Persia

34 Decline of Persia Persian army was no longer strong enough to defend the empire Persian people were unhappy with government Kings taxed the people heavily Persian empire fell when attacked by Alexander the Great and a new Greek empire began

35 Progress Check After the losses in Greece, why did the Persians grow unhappy with their government?

36 Essential Question Why did conflict develop?

37 Ticket out the Door your name
List two advantages that should have helped the Persians defeat the Greeks at Marathon in 490 B.C. 1. 2. How did the Greeks finally defeat the Persians? 3.

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