2 APUSH Review: The Compromise of 1850 Everything You Need to Know About The Compromise of 1850 To Succeed In APUSH
3 Key Players Stephen Douglas: John C. Calhoun: Daniel Webster: Senator from IL, helped gain support for the CompromiseJohn C. Calhoun:Senator from SC, wanted slavery to be left aloneDaniel Webster:“7th of March Speech”Called for North to support FSL and to compromiseHenry Clay!Introduced the Compromise at age 72What a champ!
4 Background Info Mexican-American War (1846 – 1848): Wilmot Proviso: “Mexico will poison us” – Ralph Waldo EmersonTreaty of Guadalupe HidalgoWilmot Proviso:If passed, slavery would have been prohibited from ALL land gained during Mexican-American WarPassed House, but not SenateTexas claimed land east of Rio Grande, in present day New MexicoThreatened warSouth would come to aid of Texas if Texas was attacked
5 5 Parts CA was added as a free state Slave Trade was abolished in DC Tips the balance in favor of free statesSlave Trade was abolished in DCSlavery remained, just not the tradePopular Sovereignty in land gained from Mexican SessionThose living in territories could decide status of slaveryMore strict Fugitive Slave Act – will infuriate NorthernersRequires Northerners to aid in catching and return of slavesLeads to Personal Liberty LawsTexas paid $10 million to settle border dispute
6 “Let the assassin fire!” Impact of CompromiseDemonstrates tension in Congress – sign of things to comeCivil War was avertedNorth had more time to industrializeMost Northerners did not support war in 1850Many in the North move towards the abolitionist movementPersonal Liberty Laws are not enforced in the NorthEssentially nullification“Let the assassin fire!”
7 Past Essay TopicsAnalyze the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions in the period 1820 to (2004 Free Response)In the early nineteenth century, Americans sought to resolve their political disputes through compromise, yet by 1860 this no longer seemed possible. Analyze the reasons for this change. Use the documents and your knowledge of the period in constructing your response. (2005 Form B DBQ)Analyze how western expansion contributed to growing sectional tensions between the North and the South. Confine your answer to the period from 1800 to (2012 Free Response)
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