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The main reason for the U.S. delay in annexing Texas was the A. controversy over the boundary of Texas and Mexico B. opposition of Great Britain and France.

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Presentation on theme: "The main reason for the U.S. delay in annexing Texas was the A. controversy over the boundary of Texas and Mexico B. opposition of Great Britain and France."— Presentation transcript:

1 The main reason for the U.S. delay in annexing Texas was the A. controversy over the boundary of Texas and Mexico B. opposition of Great Britain and France C. independent spirit of the settlers in Texas D. opposition in Congress to adding slave states E. opposition of the Mexican government

2 Which of the following was NOT a major consequence of the U.S. war with Mexico? A. U.S. annexation of Texas B. long-term Mexican resentment against the United States C. securing Texas’ southern border on the Rio Grande D. increased sectional tensions over slavery E. cession of California and New Mexico to the United States

3 Sectionalism Intensifies How did slavery contribute to growing sectional tensions? 10/27-28 Lecture

4 Mexican War  Some opposition to war b/c of concerns over spread of slavery.  Wilmot Proviso (1846)  Calhoun Resolutions  Popular Sovereignty

5 Compromise of 1850  California’s application for statehood prompted another slavery debate  Henry Clay

6 Debating the Compromise of 1850  Each group of 4 will receive excerpts from Senate speeches debating the Compromise of  Henry Clay  John C. Calhoun  William Seward  Daniel Webster  Read and discuss the speeches. Identify and evaluate the arguments presented.  Divide paper into 3 sections (North, South, West). Use the speeches and additional knowledge to identify if/how sectional interests are reflected in the debate over the Mexican cession territory.

7 Compromise of 1850  California’s application for statehood prompted another slavery debate  Henry Clay  North concessions  Popular Sovereignty in other states  Fugitive Slave Act  South concessions  Admit California as free  Abolition of slave trade in Washington D.C

8 Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)  Gadsen Purchase (1853)  Stephen Douglas  popular sovereignty  Missouri Compromise

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10 Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)  Gadsen Purchase (1853)  Stephen Douglas  popular sovereignty  Missouri Compromise  “Bleeding Kansas” (1856)  John Brown  Lecompton Convention

11 Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)  Gadsen Purchase (1853)  Stephen Douglas  popular sovereignty  Missouri Compromise  “Bleeding Kansas” (1856)  John Brown  Lecompton Convention  John Brown Returns  Harpers Ferry (1859)

12 Slavery and Politics  1848 Pres. Election  Cass (D)  Taylor (W)  Van Buren (FS)

13 Slavery and Politics  1848 Pres. Election  Cass (D)  Taylor (W)  Van Buren (FS)  1852 Pres. Election  Pierce (D)  Scott (W)

14 Slavery and Politics  1848 Pres. Election  Cass (D)  Taylor (W)  Van Buren (FS)  1852 Pres. Election  Pierce (D)  Scott (W)  1856 Pres. Election  Buchanan (D)  Fremont (R)

15 Slavery and Politics  1848 Pres. Election  Cass (D)  Taylor (W)  Van Buren (FS)  1852 Pres. Election  Pierce (D)  Scott (W)  1856 Pres. Election  Buchanan (D)  Fremont (R)  Dred Scott V. Sandford (1857)

16 Lincoln Enters the Picture  Lincoln-Douglas Debates (1858)  1860 Pres. Election  Douglas (ND)  Breckinridge (SD)  Bell (CU)  Lincoln (R)  Some states pledge to secede if Lincoln wins

17 Slavery Map  Identify the following on the provided map:  Label the slave states/territories (as determined by tradition or the federal government) with a “S”.  Label the free states/territories (as determined by tradition or the federal government) with a “F”.  Label the territories whose slavery status was to be determined by popular sovereignty with a “PS”.  Identify the 36’30” line

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