Presentation on theme: "APUSH Review: Key Concept 5.2"— Presentation transcript:
1 APUSH Review: Key Concept 5.2 Period 5: 1844 – 1877APUSH Review: Key Concept 5.2Everything You Need To Know About Key Concept 5.2 To Succeed In APUSH
2 The New CurriculumKey Concept 5.2 “Intensified by expansion and deepening regional divisions, debates over slavery and other economic, cultural, and political issues led the nation into civil war.”Page 46 of the Curriculum FrameworkBig ideas:What were different factors that led to an increase in sectionalism?What were different methods abolitionists used to achieve their goals?Why did proposals to resolve the issue of slavery in territories ultimately fail?
3 Key Concept 5.2 I Northern v. Southern economies: Abolitionism: North: “The institution of slavery and its attendant ideological debates, along with regional economic and demographic changes, territorial expansion in the 1840s and 1850s, and cultural differences between the North and the South, all intensified sectionalism.” – pg 46 of the curriculum frameworkNorthern v. Southern economies:North:Manufacturing – use of free laborPopulation grew rapidly - immigrationSouth:More reliant on agriculture and slaverySlow population growthAbolitionism:Minority in the NorthVery noticeable campaignWilliam Lloyd Garrison’s Liberator called for the IMMEDIATE end to slaveryUnderground RR helped slaves escape – 1,000/ yearSome used violence to achieve goals:Nat Turner’s RebellionDavid Walker’s AppealJohn Brown’s Raid
4 Key Concept 5.2 I Continued Many in the South defended slavery as a positive goodJohn C. CalhounArguments used to defend slavery:States’ Rights:States could create laws to determine what’s in their own best interestNullification:VA and KY Resolutions, SC Exposition and Protest – belief that states could nullify (void) federal lawsRacist Stereotypes:Minstrel Shows:White actors used blackface in shows that promoted racism and stereotypes“Jim Crow” was a major character
5 Key Concept 5.2 II“Repeated attempts at political compromise failed to calm tensions over slavery and often made sectional tensions worse, breaking down the trust between sectional leaders and culminating in the bitter election of 1860, followed by the secession of slavery and southern states.” – pg 46 of the curriculum frameworkProposals to resolve the issue of slavery that ultimately failed to reduce tensions:Compromise of 1850:Major Parts:CA was added as a free stateTips the balance in favor of free statesSlave Trade was abolished in DCSlavery remained, just not the tradePopular Sovereignty in land gained from Mexican SessionThose living in territories could decide status of slaveryMore strict Fugitive Slave Act – will infuriate NorthernersRequires Northerners to aid in catching and return of slavesLeads to Personal Liberty LawsKansas-Nebraska Act:1854 Law that allowed for popular sovereignty in the Kansas and Nebraska TerritoriesThe expectation was that Kansas would be slave, Nebraska would be freeOverturned the Missouri CompromiseMany in the North were upsetHelped lead to the creation of the Republican Party
6 Key Concept 5.2 II Continued Proposals to resolve the issue of slavery that ultimately failed to reduce tensions:Dred Scott v. Sanford:African Americans (regardless if they were free or slave) were NOT citizens and could not sue in courtSlaves were considered property and could not be taken away without “due process” (5th amendment)Congress could not regulate slavery in territoriesTensions between the North and South increaseDemocratic Party splits along sectional linesThe end of the Second Party System was caused by:Issues of slavery and nativism -> helped lead to sectional parties (see election of 1860)Republican Party emerged in the North and Midwest:Made up of Free-Soilers and some former WhigsLincoln’s Presidential Platform in 1860 was the NONEXTENSION of slaveryUltimately, this would lead to many southern states seceding, causing the Civil War
7 Multiple-Choice and Short Answer Questions: Test TipsMultiple-Choice and Short Answer Questions:Abolitionists’ methodsDefenses of slaveryFailed attempts at resolving slavery issues: Compromise of 1850, KS-NB, and Dred ScottRepublican Party and Lincoln’s election platformEssay Questions:Increase in sectional tensions1860 election as a turning point
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