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Presentation on theme: "Academic Writing Workshop (1) In-text citations List of references Institute of English, University of Silesia March 31 st, 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Academic Writing Workshop (1) In-text citations List of references Institute of English, University of Silesia March 31 st, 2009

2 Plans for AWW meetings In-text citation, list of references Main text editing, quotations Organisation and planning Peer reviewers comments

3 Citation formats (selection) Traditional footnoting style (e.g. MLA footnoting style) APA style (American Psychological Association) ASA style (American Sociological Association) MLA style (Modern Language Association) Harvard style

4 Traditional footnoting style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge. 1 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5. Bibliography: Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

5 Traditional footnoting style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge. 1 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5. Bibliography: Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

6 APA style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland, 2000, p.5) References: Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

7 APA style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland, 2000, p.5) References: Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

8 ASA style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 2000:5) References: Hyland, Ken Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

9 ASA style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 2000:5) References: Hyland, Ken Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

10 MLA style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 5). Works cited: Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

11 MLA style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 5). Works cited: Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

12 Harvard style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland, 2000, p.5). References: Hyland, K., Disciplinary discourses: social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

13 Harvard style Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland, 2000, p.5). References: Hyland, K., Disciplinary discourses: social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education.

14 Helpful sources tations.pdf Turabian, Kate L A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses and Dissertations. 6th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Wolański, Adam Edycja tekstów. Praktyczny poradnik. Warszawa: PWN.

15 ASA style (APA formats for articles also included. Please note that if you favour APA or any other style for your reference list, capitalisation of titles and the use of paretheses and quotation marks must follow consistently this style throughout your references) Traditional footnoting style

16 Book by a single author Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 2000:5). As Hyland (2000: 5) observes in his recent monograph, disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge. References: Hyland, Ken Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education. Footnote: 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses…, p. 31. Bibliography: Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

17 Books by a single author Main text: To a large extent disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge (Hyland 2000:5). As Hyland (2000: 5) observes in his recent monograph, disciplinary discourse has evolved as a means of funding, constructing, evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge. References: Hyland, Ken Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education. Footnote: 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses…, p. 31. Bibliography: Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2000.

18 Book by two or more authors Main text: (Hatim and Munday 2004:8) (Fl ø ttum, Dahl, and Kinn 2006:19)(Fløttum et al. 2006:36) References: Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. London: Routledge. Fl ø ttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Footnote: 1 Basil Hatim and Jeremy Munday, Translation: An Advanced Resource Book (London: Routledge, 2004), p Kjersti Fl ø ttum, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn, Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2006), p Fløttum et al., Academic Voices…, p.36. Bibliography: Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. London: Routledge, Fl ø ttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn. Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2006.

19 Book by two or more authors Main text: (Hatim and Munday 2004:8) (Fl ø ttum, Dahl, and Kinn 2006:19)(Fløttum et al. 2006:36) References: Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. London: Routledge. Fl ø ttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Footnote: 1 Basil Hatim and Jeremy Munday, Translation: An Advanced Resource Book (London: Routledge, 2004), p Kjersti Fl ø ttum, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn, Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2006), p Fløttum et al., Academic Voices…, p.36. Bibliography: Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. London: Routledge, Fl ø ttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn. Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2006.

20 Book which is edited Main text: (Smith 1987) References: Smith, Larry E., ed Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes. New York: Prentice Hall. Footnote: 1 Larry E. Smith, ed., Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes (New York: Prentice Hall, 1987). Bibliography: Smith, Larry E., ed. Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes. New York: Prentice Hall, 1987.

21 Book which is edited Main text: (Smith 1987) References: Smith, Larry E., ed Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes. New York: Prentice Hall. Footnote: 1 Larry E. Smith, ed., Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes (New York: Prentice Hall, 1987). Bibliography: Smith, Larry E., ed. Discourse Across Cultures: Strategies in World Englishes. New York: Prentice Hall, 1987.

22 Book with more than one editor Main text: (Bybee and Fleischman 1995) (Arabski, Gabryś-Barker, and Łyda 2007)(Arabski et al. 2007) References: Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds PASE Papers Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para. Footnote: 1 Joan Bybee and Suzanne Fleischman, eds., Modality in Grammar and Discourse (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1995). 2 Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages (Katowice: Para, 2007). 5 Arabski et al. eds., PASE Papers … Bibliography: Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1995.

23 Book with more than one editor Main text: (Bybee and Fleischman 1995) (Arabski, Gabryś-Barker, and Łyda 2007)(Arabski et al. 2007) References: Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds PASE Papers Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para. Footnote: 1 Joan Bybee and Suzanne Fleischman, eds., Modality in Grammar and Discourse (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1995). 2 Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages (Katowice: Para, 2007). 5 Arabski et al. eds., PASE Papers … Bibliography: Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. Modality in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1995.

24 Book with no author Main text: (Rogets Thesaurus 1966) (Rogets 1966) References: Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books. Footnote: 1 Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1966). 5 Rogets Thesaurus… Bibliography: Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1966.

25 Book with no author Main text: (Rogets Thesaurus 1966) (Rogets 1966) References: Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books. Footnote: 1 Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1966). 5 Rogets Thesaurus… Bibliography: Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1966.

26 Volume in a multivolume work Main text: (Arabski, Gabryś-Barker, and Łyda 2007)(Arabski et al. 2007) References: Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds PASE Papers Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para. Footnote: 2 Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages (Katowice: Para, 2007). 5 Arabski et al., eds., PASE Papers … Bibliography: Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds. PASE Papers Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para, 2007.

27 Volume in a multivolume work Main text: (Arabski, Gabryś-Barker, and Łyda 2007)(Arabski et al. 2007) References: Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds PASE Papers Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para. Footnote: 2 Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages (Katowice: Para, 2007). 5 Arabski et al., eds., PASE Papers … Bibliography: Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabryś-Barker, and Andrzej Łyda, eds. PASE Papers Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice: Para, 2007.

28 Translated book Main text: (Eliade 1994:60-61) References: Eliade, Mircea Historia wierzeń i idei religijnych – Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do początków chrześcijaństwa. Translated by Stanisław Tokarski. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX. Footnote: 1 Mircea Eliade, Historia wierzeń i idei religijnych – Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses, vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do początków chrześcijaństwa, trans. Stanisław Tokarski (Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX, 1994), pp Eliade, Historia wierzeń…, pp Bibliography: Eliade, Mircea. Historia wierzeń i idei religijnych – Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do początków chrześcijaństwa. Translated by Stanisław Tokarski. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX, 1994.

29 Translated book Main text: (Eliade 1994:60-61) References: Eliade, Mircea Historia wierzeń i idei religijnych – Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do początków chrześcijaństwa. Translated by Stanisław Tokarski. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX. Footnote: 1 Mircea Eliade, Historia wierzeń i idei religijnych – Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses, vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do początków chrześcijaństwa, trans. Stanisław Tokarski (Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX, 1994), pp Eliade, Historia wierzeń…, pp Bibliography: Eliade, Mircea. Historia wierzeń i idei religijnych – Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do początków chrześcijaństwa. Translated by Stanisław Tokarski. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX, 1994.

30 Book in a foreign language Main text: (Zaśko-Zielińska, Majewska-Tworek, and Piekot 2008:47) (Zaśko-Zielińska et al. 2008:67) References: Zaśko-Zielińska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach użytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa: PWN. Footnote: 1Monika Zaśko-Zielińska, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot, Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach użytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts) (Warszawa: PWN, 2008), p Zaśko-Zalewska et al., Sztuka pisania…, p. 67. Bibliography: Zaśko-Zielińska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot. Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach użytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa: PWN, 2008.

31 Book in a foreign language Main text: (Zaśko-Zielińska, Majewska-Tworek, and Piekot 2008:47) (Zaśko-Zielińska et al. 2008:67) References: Zaśko-Zielińska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach użytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa: PWN. Footnote: 1Monika Zaśko-Zielińska, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot, Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach użytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts) (Warszawa: PWN, 2008), p Zaśko-Zalewska et al., Sztuka pisania…, p. 67. Bibliography: Zaśko-Zielińska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and Tomasz Piekot. Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po tekstach użytkowych (The art of writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa: PWN, 2008.

32 Book in a series Main text: (Johns 1997:7) References: Johns, Ann Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP. Footnote: 1 Ann Johns, Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies, Cambridge Applied Linguistics (Cambridge: CUP, 1994), p. 7. Bibliography: Johns, Anne. Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP, 1994.

33 Book in a series Main text: (Johns 1997:7) References: Johns, Ann Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP. Footnote: 1 Ann Johns, Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies, Cambridge Applied Linguistics (Cambridge: CUP, 1994), p. 7. Bibliography: Johns, Anne. Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP, 1994.

34 Subsequent editions Main text: (Jordan 1999:8) References: Jordan, Robert R Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English. 3 rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Longman. Footnote: 1 Robert R. Jordan, Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English, 3 rd ed. (Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1999), p. 8. Bibliography: Jordan, Robert R. Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English. 3 rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1999.

35 Subsequent editions Main text: (Jordan 1999:8) References: Jordan, Robert R Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English. 3 rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Longman. Footnote: 1 Robert R. Jordan, Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English, 3 rd ed. (Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1999), p. 8. Bibliography: Jordan, Robert R. Academic Writing Course: Study Skills in English. 3 rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1999.

36 Article, or chapter, in an edited book Main text: (Swales 1996:47) References: Swales, John Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. Pp in Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, edited by Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (ASA) Swales, J. (1996). Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In E. Ventola & A. Mauranen (Eds.), Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues (pp ). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (APA) Swales, John Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen, eds., Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues, Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (POPULAR)

37 Article, or chapter, in an edited book Main text: (Swales 1996:47) References: Swales, John Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. Pp in Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, edited by Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (ASA) Swales, J. (1996). Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In E. Ventola & A. Mauranen (Eds.), Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues (pp ). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (APA) Swales, John Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen, eds., Academic writing: Intercultural and textual issues, Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (POPULAR)

38 Footnote: 1 John Swales, Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter, in: Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1996), p. 47. Bibliography: Swales, John. Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In: Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1996, pp

39 Footnote: 1 John Swales, Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter, in: Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1996), p. 47. Bibliography: Swales, John. Occluded genres in the academy: The case of the submission letter. In: Academic Writing: Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1996, pp

40 Article in a journal Main text: (Biber 2006:102)(Narrog 2005:680) References: Biber, Douglas Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5: (ASA) Narrog, Heiko Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 16(4): (ASA) Narrog, H. (2005). Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics, 16(4), (APA) Narrog, Heiko Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 16(4): (POPULAR)

41 Article in a journal Main text: (Biber 2006:102)(Narrog 2005:680) References: Biber, Douglas Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5: (ASA) Narrog, Heiko Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 16(4): (ASA) Narrog, H. (2005). Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics, 16(4), (APA) Narrog, Heiko Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics 16(4): (POPULAR)

42 Footnote: 1 Douglas Biber, Stance in spoken and written university registers, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 5 (2006), p Heiko Narrog, Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective, Cognitive Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4 (2005), p Bibliography: Biber, Douglas. Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 5, 2006, pp Narrog, Heiko. Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2005,

43 Footnote: 1 Douglas Biber, Stance in spoken and written university registers, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 5 (2006), p Heiko Narrog, Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective, Cognitive Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4 (2005), p Bibliography: Biber, Douglas. Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 5, 2006, pp Narrog, Heiko. Modality, mood, and change of modal meanings: A new perspective. Cognitive Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2005,

44 Reprint Main text: (Mukařowský 1970) References: Mukařowský, Jan "Standard language and poetic language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. Pp in Linguistics and literary style, edited by Donald C. Freeman. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, (ASA) Mukařowský, J. (1970). Standard language and poetic language. Trans. P.L. Garvin. In D.C. Freeman (Ed.), Linguistics and literary style (pp ). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School reader on esthetics, literay structure, and style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, (APA) Mukařowský, Jan Standard language and poetic language. Trans. Paul L. Garvin. In Donald C. Freeman, ed., Linguistics and literary style, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School reader on esthetics, literay structure, and style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, (POPULAR)

45 Reprint Main text: (Mukařowský 1970) References: Mukařowský, Jan "Standard language and poetic language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. Pp in Linguistics and literary style, edited by Donald C. Freeman. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, (ASA) Mukařowský, J. (1970). Standard language and poetic language. Trans. P.L. Garvin. In D.C. Freeman (Ed.), Linguistics and literary style (pp ). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School reader on esthetics, literay structure, and style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, (APA) Mukařowský, Jan Standard language and poetic language. Trans. Paul L. Garvin. In Donald C. Freeman, ed., Linguistics and literary style, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School reader on esthetics, literay structure, and style, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, (POPULAR)

46 Footnote: 1 Jan Mukařowský, "Standard language and poetic language, trans. Paul L. Garvin, in: A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964; reprint, Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970), pp (page citations are to the reprint edition).. Bibliography: Mukařowský, Jan. "Standard language and poetic language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. In: A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, Reprint, Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970, pp

47 Footnote: 1 Jan Mukařowský, "Standard language and poetic language, trans. Paul L. Garvin, in: A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964; reprint, Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970), pp (page citations are to the reprint edition).. Bibliography: Mukařowský, Jan. "Standard language and poetic language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. In: A Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure, and Style. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, Reprint, Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970, pp

48 Secondary quotations Main text: Johnson argued that...(as cited in Smith 2003:102) (adapted from APA, see References: Smith, John Text and Discourse Revisited. London: Routledge. Footnote: 1 As cited in John Smith, Text and Discourse Revisited (London: Routledge, 2003), p Bibliography: Smith, John. Text and Discourse Revisited. London: Routledge, 2003.

49 Electronic sources (book): Main text: (Welch 1999) References: Welch, Kathleen E Electric Rhetoric: Classical Rhetoric, Oralism and a New Literacy. Cambridge: MIT Press. Retrieved October 21, 2004 (http://www.netlibrary.com). (ASA) Footnote: 1 Kathleen Welch, Electric Rhetoric: Classical Rhetoric, Oralism and a New Literacy (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999), (21 Oct. 2004). Bibliography: Welch, Kathleen. Electric Rhetoric: Classical Rhetoric, Oralism and a New Literacy. Cambridge: MIT Press, (21 Oct. 2004). The examples above come from:

50 Electronic sources (article in a journal, on-line): Main text: (Jobe 2000) References: Jobe, Karen D "Women and the Language of Hackerdom: The Gendered Nature of Hacker Jargon." Kairos 5(2). Retrieved March 23, 2005 (http://english.ttu.edu/kairos/5.2/binder.html? coverbweb/ jobe/ women&hackerdom.htm). (ASA) Footnote: 1Karen Jobe, "Women and the Language of Hackerdom: The Gendered Nature of Hacker Jargon," Kairos, Vol. 5, No. 2, jobe/ women&hackerdom.htm (23 March 2005). Bibliography: Jobe, Karen. "Women and the Language of Hackerdom: The Gendered Nature of Hacker Jargon." Kairos, Vol. 5, No. 2. jobe/ women&hackerdom.htm (23 March 2005). The examples above come from:

51 Electronic sources (article in a journal, full-text database): Main text: (Ferrell 1990) References: Ferrell, Robert H "Truman's place in history." Reviews in American History 18 (1): 1-9. (Retrieved from JSTOR on February 3, 2005.) Footnote: 1 Robert H. Ferrell, "Truman's place in history," Reviews in American History, Vol. 18, No. 1 (1990), pp. 1-9, retrieved from JSTOR (February 3, 2005). Bibliography: Ferrell, Robert H. "Truman's place in history." Reviews in American History, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1990, pp Retrieved from JSTOR (February 3, 2005). The examples above come from:

52 Review Main text: (Crosby 2008) References: Crosby, Cate Review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. From Practice to Theory (2nd edition), by Alan Davies. English for Specific Purposes 27: Footnote: 1 Cate Crosby, review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics: From Practice to Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 27 (2008), pp Bibliography: Crosby, Cate. Review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. From Practice to Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies. English for Specific Purposes, Vol. 27, 2008, pp

53 Review Main text: (Crosby 2008) References: Crosby, Cate Review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. From Practice to Theory (2nd edition), by Alan Davies. English for Specific Purposes 27: Footnote: 1 Cate Crosby, review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics: From Practice to Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies, English for Specific Purposes, vol. 27 (2008), pp Bibliography: Crosby, Cate. Review of An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. From Practice to Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies. English for Specific Purposes, Vol. 27, 2008, pp

54 Preface Main text: (Russell 1984) References: Russell, Bertrand Preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook. (ASA) Russell, B. (1984). Introduction. In S. Themerson, Professor Mmaas Lecture (pp.1-2). Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook. (APA) Footnote: 1 Bertrand Russell, preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson (Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook, 1984). Bibliography: Russell, Bertrand. Preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook, 1984.

55 Preface Main text: (Russell 1984) References: Russell, Bertrand Preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook. Footnote: 1 Bertrand Russell, preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson (Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook, 1984). Bibliography: Russell, Bertrand. Preface to Professor Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock, NY: Tusk / Overlook, 1984.

56 Thank you!


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