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Why and how. 1. a list of source materials that are used or consulted in the preparation of a work or that are referred to in the text. Dictionary.com.

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Presentation on theme: "Why and how. 1. a list of source materials that are used or consulted in the preparation of a work or that are referred to in the text. Dictionary.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why and how

2 1. a list of source materials that are used or consulted in the preparation of a work or that are referred to in the text. Dictionary.com A reference list is everything you have referred to in your text Why do students need them?

3 Research skills – Proof you can find information Background reading Plagiarism Different resources used to find information Essay Writing Handling opposing opinions – compare and contrast

4 What are you looking for – ideas, other peoples research Where do you look? – catalogues, databases, e-journals Use different resources ebooks ; online journals Peer reviewed journals Copyright, plagiarism Keep notes Knowing where guides are

5 If the author fits naturally : As Chaplin (2010) said in comedy is a funny thing. Other wise : Comedy can be funny (Chaplin 2010) If there are 2 authors cite both : Smith and Jones (2011) (Smith et al. 2012) but add all to the reference list In the Harvard business review (Anon 2013), it was stated

6 Loads of people like coming to Wiltshire College as it is really good. The things they do are different and nearly everyone gets a job. Ofsted says Wiltshire College is attended by nearly 5000 students (2008: p.31). It was rated amongst the top ten Colleges in the UK (SSS, 2008: p.79)

7 Books Author, Initials., year of pub. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher Journal Author, Initials., year of pub. Title of article. Title of journal. Volume no (part) page numbers Ebook Author, Initials., Year. Title. [online]. (edition) Place of publication: Publisher. Name of e-book collection. Available from: [accessed dd/mm/yyyy]

8 Authors surname/s, initials., Year. Title. Edition (if it is not the first). Place of publication: Publisher. Hill, D., German for beginners. 2 nd ed. London: Routledge. If the book has a corporate author and no individual authors corporate author, Year. Title. Place of publication: Publisher. Open University, Electricity generation. 2 nd ed. Bletchley: Open University Press.

9 The volume number, issue number or date must be included for journals. Authors surname, initials., Year. Title of article. Title of journal, Volume number (part), page numbers. Harpo, T.H., Carbon monoxide poisoning in social housing. Industrial and engineering chemistry, 41(3), p.25 Newspaper article Authors surname, initials. (or newspaper title if author unknown), Year. Title of article. Title of newspaper, Day and Month, page number/s and column letter. Kristensen, T., The Le Mans legend. Guardian, 20 June, p.30b.

10 Ebook Hardy, G. and Laurel, A., Laughing at chaos. [Online]. 3rd edition. Winchester: Book Press. Available from: [Accessed 20 September 2012] Ejournal Chaplin, C., How to be a comedian. Journal of Comic Arts 23(2), pp [online]. InfoTrac. Available from: efault.asph [Accessed 21 September 2012] efault.asph

11 Balir, T., Politics. [online]. Available from: [Accessed 21 September] To use or not to use Authors Title Date updated links

12 If you refer to a book that has been quoted in another work, then cite both in the text. The first study of juvenile criminal behaviour (Pirro 1926, cited by McNish 2000, p.47) demonstrated that… But only list the work by McNish i.e. the work that has been seen But there will always be oddities

13 Please ask any LRC staff for help or the LRC herehere Use HE guide from your university Check out the bob and ref section on Signpost herehere


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