Presentation on theme: "Creating Citations Objective: Students will understand how to create a citation using MLA format."— Presentation transcript:
1Creating CitationsObjective: Students will understand how to create a citation using MLA format
2Academic Paper Formats Academic research papers may be written in different formats depending on the type of paper being written. Commonly used styles are:MLA (Modern Language Association) - used in literature, arts and the humanitiesAPA (American Psychological Association) - used in social sciences, such as psychology and educationAMA (American Medical Association) - used in biological sciences, such as medicine and health
3And There are More!Chicago – commonly used by individuals in the humanitiesTurabian - designed to be used by college students for any subjectIMPORTANT RULE OF THUMB –Always ask your teacher which format he/she wants you to use!
4This tutorial will explain how to cite sources using the MLA 7th Edition Format.
5Citation LocationsSources used to write a paper are acknowledged in two different places within the paper:As in-text citations within the text of the paper (parenthetical citations), andIn the Works Cited page at the end of the paper.
6In-Text CitationsIn the text of your paper, you should credit any work done by another person. You do this by using the basic format of (Author’s Last Name_Page Number). These citations match up with the citations in your Works Cited page. Example: The writer should place the source information directly after the end of the paraphrase or quote by the source (Ratcliff 25).
7Works Cited PageAt the end of your paper, list all of the sources you used in a Works Cited page. Your sources are formatted in a specific way and are called “citations.”
8Each type of source such as books, journal articles, newspapers, magazines, websites, and images require specific information to be cited correctly.Image credit: Microsoft Clip Art Gallery
10Book Citation A book citation has six elements: Author Title Place of PublicationPublisherCopyright DateMedium of Publication
11Book Citation-How to Write These pieces are combined in a certain order with punctuation to create the book’s citation. Basic Book Format: Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Copyright Date. Medium of Publication.
12Book Citation-How It Looks When the pieces for an example book are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following:Basic Book Format:Sawyer, Sarah. Body Piercing and Tattooing: The Hidden Dangers of Body Art. New York City: Rosen, Print.
13Journal Article Citation A journal article citation contains different elements than a book. In general, a journal citation includes the following:Author(s)Article TitleJournal NameVolume NumberIssue NumberPublication YearPage Numbers
14These pieces are combined in a certain order with punctuation to create a journal citation. If the article is retrieved from an article database, it also needs to include the database information as shown below.Basic Journal Format:Author(s). " Article Title." Journal NameVolume Number.Issue Number (Publication Year): Page Numbers. Database Name. Medium of Publication. Date of Access. <URL>. (if required)
15When the pieces for an example article are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following:Journal Citation:Atkinson, Michael. "Pretty in Ink: Conformity, Resistance, and Negotiation in Women's Tattooing." Sex Roles 47 (2008): Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 Sept
16Website CitationsWebsite citations can be very tricky. It is sometimes difficult to find all of the required information on the website. Here is some of the information to look for:AuthorTitle of websiteSponsoring organizationDate updatedMedium of publicationDate of accessURL (MLA 7 does not require this, but your teacher may!)
17Website Citation Basic Website Format: Author(s). “Title of Website”. Sponsoring Organization. Date Published/Updated. Medium of Publication. Date of Access. <URL>. (if required)
18When the pieces for an example website are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following:Website Citation:Van Vranken, Michele. "Tattoos." KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health. The Nemours Foundation, Apr Web. 19 Feb <http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/body_art/safe_tattooing.html>.
19Other online citation help pages may also be useful including: There are so many different types of sources that we can only show you a few examples here. To find how to correctly cite ALL types of sources, refer to an MLA Handbook.Other online citation help pages may also be useful including:Concordia LibrariesPurdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)Long Island UniversityCornell University Library
20For an MLA Format Works Cited page All entries are alphabetized by the author’s last name.Each line after the first line of an entry is indented. (This is called a hanging indent.)All citations are double spaced.
21Automatic Citation Makers Automatic citation makers create your in-text citations and Works Cited page in the correct format. Several even alphabetize your sources for you. All you do is fill in the boxes for all of your sources, save your work, and then print! Warning! Automatic citation makers are not perfect. Make sure you carefully look at the citation created using these tools to verify the citation format is correct.
22Citation Creation Resources EasyBib – Son of Citation Machine - OSLIS MLA Citation Maker - KnightCite - The References Tab in Microsoft Word
23Summing UpTo acknowledge the sources you use in your academic research papers, you must use in-text citations in the body of your paper AND a list of Works Cited at the end.