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Creating Citations Objective: Students will understand how to create a citation using MLA format.

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Presentation on theme: "Creating Citations Objective: Students will understand how to create a citation using MLA format."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creating Citations Objective: Students will understand how to create a citation using MLA format

2 Academic Paper Formats Academic research papers may be written in different formats depending on the type of paper being written. Commonly used styles are: MLA (Modern Language Association) - used in literature, arts and the humanities APA (American Psychological Association) - used in social sciences, such as psychology and education AMA (American Medical Association) - used in biological sciences, such as medicine and health

3 And There are More! Chicago – commonly used by individuals in the humanities Turabian - designed to be used by college students for any subject IMPORTANT RULE OF THUMB – Always ask your teacher which format he/she wants you to use!

4 This tutorial will explain how to cite sources using the MLA 7 th Edition Format.

5 Citation Locations Sources used to write a paper are acknowledged in two different places within the paper: 1.As in-text citations within the text of the paper (parenthetical citations), and 2.In the Works Cited page at the end of the paper.

6 In-Text Citations In the text of your paper, you should credit any work done by another person. You do this by using the basic format of (Author’s Last Name_Page Number). These citations match up with the citations in your Works Cited page. Example: The writer should place the source information directly after the end of the paraphrase or quote by the source (Ratcliff 25).

7 Works Cited Page At the end of your paper, list all of the sources you used in a Works Cited page. Your sources are formatted in a specific way and are called “citations.”

8 Each type of source such as books, journal articles, newspapers, magazines, websites, and images require specific information to be cited correctly.

9 Let’s look at some examples!

10 Book Citation A book citation has six elements: Author Title Place of Publication Publisher Copyright Date Medium of Publication

11 Book Citation-How to Write These pieces are combined in a certain order with punctuation to create the book’s citation. Basic Book Format: Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Copyright Date. Medium of Publication.

12 When the pieces for an example book are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following: Basic Book Format: Sawyer, Sarah. Body Piercing and Tattooing: The Hidden Dangers of Body Art. New York City: Rosen, Print. Book Citation-How It Looks

13 Journal Article Citation A journal article citation contains different elements than a book. In general, a journal citation includes the following: Author(s) Article Title Journal Name Volume Number Issue Number Publication Year Page Numbers

14 These pieces are combined in a certain order with punctuation to create a journal citation. If the article is retrieved from an article database, it also needs to include the database information as shown below. Basic Journal Format: Author(s). " Article Title." Journal Name Volume Number.Issue Number (Publication Year): Page Numbers. Database Name. Medium of Publication. Date of Access.. (if required)

15 When the pieces for an example article are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following: Journal Citation: Atkinson, Michael. "Pretty in Ink: Conformity, Resistance, and Negotiation in Women's Tattooing." Sex Roles 47 (2008): Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 Sept

16 Website Citations Website citations can be very tricky. It is sometimes difficult to find all of the required information on the website. Here is some of the information to look for:  Author  Title of website  Sponsoring organization  Date updated  Medium of publication  Date of access  URL (MLA 7 does not require this, but your teacher may!)

17 Website Citation Basic Website Format: Author(s). “Title of Website”. Sponsoring Organization. Date Published/Updated. Medium of Publication. Date of Access.. (if required)

18 When the pieces for an example website are inserted into this format, the citation looks like the following: Website Citation: Van Vranken, Michele. "Tattoos." KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health. The Nemours Foundation, Apr Web. 19 Feb

19 There are so many different types of sources that we can only show you a few examples here. To find how to correctly cite ALL types of sources, refer to an MLA Handbook. Other online citation help pages may also be useful including: Concordia Libraries Purdue University Online Writing LabPurdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) Long Island University Cornell University Library

20 For an MLA Format Works Cited page All entries are alphabetized by the author’s last name. Each line after the first line of an entry is indented. (This is called a hanging indent.) All citations are double spaced.

21 Automatic Citation Makers Automatic citation makers create your in-text citations and Works Cited page in the correct format. Several even alphabetize your sources for you. All you do is fill in the boxes for all of your sources, save your work, and then print! Warning! Automatic citation makers are not perfect. Make sure you carefully look at the citation created using these tools to verify the citation format is correct.

22 Citation Creation Resources EasyBib – Son of Citation Machine - OSLIS MLA Citation Maker - KnightCite - The References Tab in Microsoft Word

23 Summing Up To acknowledge the sources you use in your academic research papers, you must use in- text citations in the body of your paper AND a list of Works Cited at the end.


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