Presentation on theme: "GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES"— Presentation transcript:
1GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUNDVERBS FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVEPREPOITION + GERUNDBE + ADJECTIVE + TO - INFINITIVEVERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND AND THE INFINITIVE
2GERUNDSThe gerund describes an activity. It does not indicate a time sequence.ExampleWe enjoyed seeing you last weekend.
3VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND The verbs enjoy, detest, hate, love, stop, advise, don’t mind, imagine, feel like, sugest, practice, miss and can’t stand are followed by a gerund.I hate studyingExamplesI advise finding a good lawyer.I hate studying.I hope they stop making so much noise so I can get some sleep.I enjoy listening to music.
4PREPOSITIONS + GERUNDS Prepositions such as aggre with, after, admit to, believe in, complain about, confess to, talk about, forget about, worry about are followed by the gerund.ExampleI agree with playing darts.
5INFINITIVESInfinitives are the "to" form of the verb. The to-infinitive after a verb often describes a future event, and event following the main verb. For example, after hope, expect, promise, want, the event in the to-infinitive comes after the activity or thought in the main verb.ExampleI hope to watch “scream” next week. (future event)
6VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVES The verbs, agree, hope, promise, ask, learn, expect, decide, afford, offer, choose, and want are followed by a verb in the infinitive form.ExamplesI promise to buy a house.They offered to buy the clothes.I decided to eat a sandwich.
7BE + ADJECTIVE + TO - INFINITIVE The verb in the infinitive often refers to an event in the future.ExamplesWer’e sure to have a good timeThey are willing to lend us the money
8We can use adjective of feeling, adjectives describing personal characteristics + ofperson, adjectives describingthe activity before the to-infinitive.ExamplesI’m pleased to see you.This book is very difficult to read.It’s good of you to come.My friend is very amusing to talk to.It was selfish of me to ignore you.
9VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND AND THE INFINITIVE The verbs, love, like, hate, prefer, begin, start, be, remember, forget, stop, go on, begin, continue, advise, allow, encourage, forbid, recommend are followed by either and infinitive or a gerund.NO DIFFERENCE IN MEANING.ExamplesI started to shout = I started shoutingI love to read = I love reading.I hate to waitI hate to wait = I hate waiting