Presentation on theme: "GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES GERUNDS INFINITIVES VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVE PREPOITION + GERUNDBE + ADJECTIVE + TO - INFINITIVE."— Presentation transcript:
GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES GERUNDS INFINITIVES VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVE PREPOITION + GERUNDBE + ADJECTIVE + TO - INFINITIVE VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND AND THE INFINITIVE
The gerund describes an activity. It does not indicate a time sequence. GERUNDS Example We enjoyed seeing you last weekend.
I advise finding a good lawyer. I hate studying. I hate studying The verbs enjoy, detest, hate, love, stop, advise, don’t mind, imagine, feel like, sugest, practice, miss and can’t stand are followed by a gerund. VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND I hope they stop making so much noise so I can get some sleep. Examples I enjoy listening to music.
Prepositions such as aggre with, after, admit to, believe in, complain about, confess to, talk about, forget about, worry about are followed by the gerund. PREPOSITIONS + GERUNDS I agree with playing darts. Example
Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. The to-infinitive after a verb often describes a future event, and event following the main verb. For example, after hope, expect, promise, want, the event in the to-infinitive comes after the activity or thought in the main verb. INFINITIVES I hope to watch “scream” next week. (future event) Example
I promise to buy a house. They offered to buy the clothes. The verbs, agree, hope, promise, ask, learn, expect, decide, afford, offer, choose, and want are followed by a verb in the infinitive form. I decided to eat a sandwich. Examples VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVES
BE + ADJECTIVE + TO - INFINITIVE The verb in the infinitive often refers to an event in the future. Wer’e sure to have a good time They are willing to lend us the money Examples
We can use adjective of feeling, adjectives describing personal characteristics + ofperson, adjectives describingthe activity before the to-infinitive. My friend is very amusing to talk to. This book is very difficult to read. It was selfish of me to ignore you. It’s good of you to come. I’m pleased to see you. Examples
I love to read = I love reading. I hate to wait VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND AND THE INFINITIVE The verbs, love, like, hate, prefer, begin, start, be, remember, forget, stop, go on, begin, continue, advise, allow, encourage, forbid, recommend are followed by either and infinitive or a gerund. NO DIFFERENCE IN MEANING. I started to shout = I started shouting I hate to wait = I hate waiting Examples