2 (To create a NOUN from a verb to express a general idea) VB+GERUND(To create a NOUN from a verb to express a general idea)
3 List of verbs followed by –ing form VB+GERUNDList of verbs followed by –ing formVerbs Followed by a Gerund “They enjoyed working on the boat”.admit advise appreciate avoid can't help complete considerdelay deny detest dislike enjoy escape excusefinish forbid get through have imagine mind misspermit postpone practice quit recall report resentresist resume risk spend (time) suggest tolerate waste (time)
4 WE USE THE INFINITIVE: After some adjectives and/or adverbs: To form the subject of a verb that refers to something specific:“To answer this question is essential”
5 VB+INFINITIVE ≠ TO VB+ TO INFINITIVE AFTER MODAL AND SEMI-MODAL VERBS: AFTER CERTAIN VERBS AND EXPRESSIONS:VB+ TO INFINITIVEVB+INFINITIVE ≠ TOAFTER MODAL AND SEMI-MODAL VERBS:WouldWould ratherCanWill
6 VB + OBJECT+ TO INFINITIVE AFTER the INDIRECT OBJECTof certain verbs:(sb/sth to do)AskTellPayAllowTeachHelpWould likeWant
7 VB +OBJECT+INFINITIVE ≠TO WITH SOME VERBS AND VERBS OF PERCEPTION:(sb/sth do)MakeHelpLetHearSeeFeel
8 List of verbs followed by Infinitive: Verbs Followed by an Infinitive “She agreed to speak before the game.”agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be able beg begin care choose condescendconsent continue dare decide deserve detest dislike expect fail forget get happenhave hesitate hope hurry intend leap leave like long love mean neglectoffer ought plan prefer prepare proceed promise propose refuse remember sayshoot start stop strive swear threaten try use wait want wish
9 Verbs followed by Object and an Infinitive: Verbs Followed by an Object and an Infinitive “Everyone expected her to win.”advise allow ask beg bring build buy challengechoose command dare direct encourage expect forbid forcehave hire instruct invite lead leave let likelove motivate order pay permit persuade prepare promiseremind require send teach tell urge want warnNote: Some of these verbs are included in the list above and may be used without an object.
10 Gerunds and infinitives: Verbs which choice affects the meaning!!! Remember and ForgetStopTry
11 Remember and ForgetYou should remember to post the letterI shall always remember meeting you for the first timeRemember/forget + infinitive for necessary actions (future)Remember/forget + gerund for memories of the past (past)
12 stopI stopped to smoke a cigaretteI stopped smoking cigarettesStop+ infinitive. To stop an activity so you can do something elseStop+ gerund. To end an action, finish doing something
13 Try Try + infinitive implies to make an effort I´ll try to do it tomorrowI tried cooking this new dishTry + infinitive implies to make an effortTry + gerund means to experiment with something
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