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INFINITIVE VS. GERUND VERB PATTERNS 1 VERB PATTERNS 1.

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Presentation on theme: "INFINITIVE VS. GERUND VERB PATTERNS 1 VERB PATTERNS 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 INFINITIVE VS. GERUND VERB PATTERNS 1 VERB PATTERNS 1

2 VB+GERUND (To create a NOUN from a verb to express a general idea)

3 Verbs Followed by a Gerund “They enjoyed working on the boat”. admit advise appreciate avoid can't help complete consider delay deny detest dislike enjoy escape excuse finish forbid get through have imagine mind miss permit postpone practice quit recall report resent resist resume risk spend (time) suggest tolerate waste (time) VB+GERUND List of verbs followed by –ing form

4 WE USE THE INFINITIVE:  After some adjectives and/or adverbs:  To form the subject of a verb that refers to something specific: “To answer this question is essential”

5 VB+ TO INFINITIVE VB+INFINITIVE ≠ TO  AFTER MODAL AND SEMI-MODAL VERBS: Would Would rather Can Will AFTER CERTAIN VERBS AND EXPRESSIONS:

6 VB + OBJECT+ TO INFINITIVE  AFTER the INDIRECT OBJECT of certain verbs: (sb/sth to do) Ask Tell Pay Allow Teach Help Would like Want

7 VB +OBJECT+INFINITIVE ≠TO  WITH SOME VERBS AND VERBS OF PERCEPTION: (sb/sth do) Make Help Let Hear See Feel

8 List of verbs followed by Infinitive: Verbs Followed by an Infinitive “She agreed to speak before the game.” agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be able beg begin care choose condescend consent continue dare decide deserve detest dislike expect fail forget get happen have hesitate hope hurry intend leap leave like long love mean neglect offer ought plan prefer prepare proceed promise propose refuse remember say shoot start stop strive swear threaten try use wait want wish

9 Verbs followed by Object and an Infinitive: Verbs Followed by an Object and an Infinitive “Everyone expected her to win.” advise allow ask beg bring build buy challenge choose command dare direct encourage expect forbid force have hire instruct invite lead leave let like love motivate order pay permit persuade prepare promise remind require send teach tell urge want warn Note: Some of these verbs are included in the list above and may be used without an object.

10 Gerunds and infinitives: Verbs which choice affects the meaning!!! Remember and Forget Stop Try

11 Remember and Forget You should remember to post the letter I shall always remember meeting you for the first time Remember/forget + infinitive for necessary actions (future) Remember/forget + gerund for memories of the past (past)

12 stop I stopped to smoke a cigarette I stopped smoking cigarettes Stop+ infinitive. To stop an activity so you can do something else Stop+ gerund. To end an action, finish doing something

13 Try I´ll try to do it tomorrow I tried cooking this new dish Try + infinitive implies to make an effort Try + gerund means to experiment with something


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