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INFINITIVES AND –ING FORMS Some verbs are usually followed by an infinitive: I promised to call her tonight. She managed not to lose her keys this time.

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Presentation on theme: "INFINITIVES AND –ING FORMS Some verbs are usually followed by an infinitive: I promised to call her tonight. She managed not to lose her keys this time."— Presentation transcript:

1 INFINITIVES AND –ING FORMS Some verbs are usually followed by an infinitive: I promised to call her tonight. She managed not to lose her keys this time. We use an infinitive after these verbs: afford, agree, aim, arrange, begin, decide, deserve, expect, fail, hope, intend, learn, manage, need, offer, plan, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, start, threaten, want

2 Some verbs are usually followed by an –ing form: Do you enjoy flying? I hate being cold. We use an –ing form after these verbs: admit, adore, avoid, can’t stand, consider, deny, dislike, don’t mind, enjoy, escape, fancy, feel like, finish, imagine, involve, keep (on), look forward to, mention, mind, miss, practice, regret, resist, suggest, understand

3 Use the verbs in brackets, in the correct form, to complete the information. Have you decided where to go on holiday this year? 1.We promise ______ (help) you decide. 2.Do you enjoy ______ (cycle) in the countryside and _____ (walk) in the mountains? 3.If you fancy _____ (escape) from the crowds and _____ (do) something different, and you don’t mind _____ (share) your holiday with others, we offer _____ (show) you the most fantastic places. 4.If you can’t afford _____ (spend) a lot of money, don’t worry! 5.We promise _____ (beat) any price offered by our competitors. 6. We always aim _____ (give) our clients the best possible holiday experience. 7.And you just need _____ (mention) this advertisement to get an extra discount!

4 V + O + INF We can use some verbs with a person as object + infinitive: I want my son to learn French. Jack helped me to finish painting. We use these verbs in this structure: allow, ask, cause, encourage, expect, force, get, help, invite, leave, like, love, need, prefer, persuade, teach, tell, train, want

5 Rewrite the sentences using the verbs given. 1.My teacher said I should listen to more music. (encourage) 2.My brother showed me how to play the guitar. (teach) 3.My mother thought I would go to university. (expect) 4.My father said to me, “You should study engineering.” (want) 5.When I first met my manager, he said, “Please give e a chance.” (persuade) 6.My manager showed me how to get a record deal. (help) 7.The famous musicians said to me, “Please join our tour.” (invite)

6 Some verbs can take an infinitive or an –ing form with the same meaning: I like to go for long walks. I like going for long walks. She continued to talk. She continued talking. These verbs are: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, start

7 We can use an infinitive or an –ing form with these verbs, but with a change in meaning: try, remember, forget, stop I tried to see Mary but she was in a meeting. If you can’t get to sleep, try counting sheep. Did you remember to buy some bread? Do you remember going to London when you were 3? I forgot to phone your sister. I’ll never forget seeing Rio de Janeiro for the first time. I was walking home from school and stopped to play football. I stopped playing football two years ago, when I broke my leg.

8 Cross out the incorrect form in these sentences. 1.Have you seen my hat? – Yes, I remember seeing/to see it in the kitchen yesterday. 2.The End of Reason is a fantastic film. You must remember seeing/to see it when you get a chance. 3.I can’t stop thinking/to think about the book I read last night – it was very moving. 4.What would you like for dinner? – I have too much work to do, I can’t stop thinking/to think about food. 5.I would love going/to go for a walk this afternoon. 6.I mustn’t forget showing/to show you my photograph tomorrow. 7.I’ll never forget showing/to show my father the painting I did for him – he thought it was terrible.


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