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CHAPTER 16 Section 3:Opposition to Bismarck Objectives: Explain the problems Bismarck faced as chancellor of the German Empire. Describe how Germany became.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 16 Section 3:Opposition to Bismarck Objectives: Explain the problems Bismarck faced as chancellor of the German Empire. Describe how Germany became."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 16 Section 3:Opposition to Bismarck Objectives: Explain the problems Bismarck faced as chancellor of the German Empire. Describe how Germany became industrialized under Bismarck’s leadership. Summarize the social reforms adopted under Bismarck. Nationalism in Europe

2 SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck liberal and democratic ideas non-Prussian politicians Social Democratic Party Catholics/Centre Party new kaiser Bismarck’s problems:Bismarck’s solutions: Final Outcome for Bismarck: help industry repress socialism social reforms Kulturkamf threaten to resign 16.3 Bell Ringer: What was the final outcome of the solutions to Bismarck’s problems?

3 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck Prussia has led the way to German unification, but Bismarck faced opposition from groups within the German Empire … and a new boss.

4 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck Bismarck didn’t get the absolute monarchy he wanted…. Some groups demanded a more liberal and democratic gov’t than he wanted to allow. Hannover’s representatives were in constant opposition to Prussia. The Catholic Bavarians remained skeptical of the new Empire.

5 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck The Catholic Church presented special problems for Bismarck.

6 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck Kulturkampf Anti-Catholic program Pass strict laws to control Catholic clergy and schools Diplomatic relations with Vatican were broken Church property confiscated Would end in failure 1887

7 Israel and the Occupied Territories Visual Source Opposition to Bismarck

8 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck Rich stores of natural resources German gov’t owned System of canals German industrialization came later than GB & France Gov’t helped industry Bismarck wanted to transform Prussia into industrial giant.

9 Israel and the Occupied Territories Visual Source Opposition to Bismarck The Social Democratic Party’s breakthrough in the Reichstag elections of February 20, 1890, is trumpeted in this facsimile of the front page of the party’s leading newspaper, Der Sozialdemokrat, on March 8, 1890.

10 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck Socialism in Germany Some believed actions of cartels led to lower wages and higher prices, wanted gov’t action Socialist reformers advocated gov’t ownership of all major industries German socialists formed Social Democratic Party- most members city workers, representation in Reichstag grew but Reichstag powerless to pass laws Bundesrat opposed Reichstag was still good public forum

11 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck Bismarck’s Antisocialist Campaign Growing socialist support alarmed Bismarck Assassination attempts against the Kaiser Kaiser & Bundesrat dissolved Reichstag & called for new elections New laws prohibited newspapers, books, pamphlets, public meetings from spreading socialist ideas

12 Israel and the Occupied Territories Political Cartoon Opposition to Bismarck

13 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck Social Democratic representation still increased  Bismarck’s new policy- “stealing the socialists’ thunder” Reforms according to new policy: insurance against sickness & accidents paid for by employers, limited working hours, holidays from work, pensions for disabled & retired These reforms did not wipe out socialism but eliminated many workers’ grievances

14 Israel and the Occupied Territories Visual Source Opposition to Bismarck This 1913 poster praises the German social insurance system, which was implemented by Bismarck to "take the wind out of the sails" of the social democratic movement in the 1880s

15 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck Bismarck’s Resignation William I died, succeeded by son Fredrick III who also died, succeeded by g’son William II William & Bismarck disagreed: William felt Bismarck had too much power, Bismarck resented this, felt William was too rash & undisciplined

16 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck 1890- Bismarck threatens to resign – William accepts! William II seeks to expand Germany’s colonial empire  increased strength & size of military  brought them into competition w/GB Sir John Tenniel. "Dropping the pilot." Punch. London: Punch Publications Ltd., March 1890.

17 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck

18 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck

19 Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck

20 SECTION 3 Opposition to Bismarck liberal and democratic ideas non-Prussian politicians Social Democratic Party Catholics/Centre Party new kaiser Bismarck’s problems:Bismarck’s solutions: resignation accepted Outcome: help industry repress socialism social reforms Kulturkamf threaten to resign


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