2Germany’s IndustriesAfter German unification (1871), the new German empire emerged as an industrial giantSeveral factors made industrialization possible, such as ample iron and coal resources, the basic ingredients for industrial developmentA disciplined and educated workforce also helped the economy grow
3Chemical and Electrical Industries German chemical and electrical industries were setting the global standard
4Germany’s IndustriesGerman middle class created a productive and efficient society that prided itself on its sense of responsibilityAdditionally, a growing population provided a huge home market for goods and a large supply of industrial workers
5Applied ScienceGerman industrialists recognized the value of applied science in developing new products, such as synthetic chemicals and dyesBoth industrialists and the government supported scientific research and development (R & D)
6German Economic Development Government also promoted economic developmentGovernment issued a single form of currency for Germany and reorganized the banking systemLeaders of new empire were determined to maintain economic strength and military powerRailroads were developed
7Foreign and Domestic Policies Bismarck pursued several foreign policy goalsHe wanted to keep France weak and build strong links with Austria and RussiaNicknamed the “Iron Chancellor”, Bismarck targeted the Catholic Church and SocialistsHe believed these groups posed a threat to the new German stateBelieved Catholics would be more loyal to the Church than to Germany
8Foreign and Domestic Policies Bismarck worried that Socialists would undermine the loyalty of workers and turn them toward revolutionBismarck tried to repress Catholics and Socialists but his efforts failedFor example, the Kulturkampf was a set of laws intended to weaken the role of the churchInstead, the faithful rallied to support the ChurchWhen repressing the Socialists failed to work, Bismarck changed course and pioneered social reform
9William II Became Kaiser in 1888 Felt that his right to rule came from G-dWilliam II shocked Europe by asking Bismarck to resignWilliam II also resisted efforts to introduce democratic reformsHowever, his government provided many social welfare programs to help certain groups of peopleThe government also provided services such as cheap transportation and electricity
10Powerpoint Questions (16 points) 1. In what two industries did Germany set the global standard? (2 points)2. What natural resources made German industrialization possible? (2 points)3. In what year was German unification achieved?4. What class created a productive and efficient society?5. What new products did German industrialists develop? (2 points)6. What does “R and D” mean?
11Powerpoint Questions (16 points) 7. What was Bismarck’s goal toward France?8. What nickname did Bismarck earn?9. What two groups did Bismarck target? Why? (2 points)10. What was the set of laws intended to weaken the power of the Catholic Church?11. Who became the Kaiser of Germany in 1888?12. What type of programs did the German government pass to help poor people?