4Objectives After the lesson, students will be able to Describe how Germany became an industrial giant.Explain why Bismarck was called the Iron ChancellorList the Policies of Kaiser William II.
5Today’s Goals Go over TAG Complete Cause and Effect Worksheet Notes on Germany Strengthening
6Mini-Quiz Chapter 10 Section 1 & 2 Who is Otto von Bismarck?What does Chancellor mean and who became Chancellor to the King of Prussia?Kaiser means __________?Reich is the German word for____________?Annex means ___________?Bismarck’s main purpose by unifying the German states was to support nationalism. T or FRealpolitiks is practical policies based on the needs of the state. T or FThe new German government was structured as a 2 house legislation T or FEXTRA CREDIT: How did the empreror and his chancellor retain power in German Government?
7Birth of the German Empire William I of Prussia took the title kaiser.January 1871: Birth of the second Reich.Constitution was drafted:2 house legislatureUpper house appointed by the rulers of the German states: Bundesrat.Lower house: elected by universal male suffrage: ReichstagBundesrat could veto any decisions of the Reichstag.Where did the power stay?
8Germany Becomes an Industrial Giant German empire emerged as the industrial giant of the European continent.Chemical and electrical industries were setting standards.German shipping only second to Britain’s.
9Making Economic Progress What made industrialization possible?Ample iron and coal resourcesDisciplined and educated workforceRapidly growing population41 million in 1871 to 67 Million in1914Early progress1850s & 60s Founded large companies and built many RR.Krupp boomed after 1871: an enormous industrial complex that produced steel and weapons for a world market.August Thyssen built a small steel factory of 70 workers into a giant empire with 50,000 employees.
10Promoting Scientific and Economic Development Valued applied science in developing new products such as synthetic chemicals and dyes.Industrialists and Government supported research and development.Economic development:1 single currency for GermanyReorganized the banking systemCoordinated railroads built by the various statesDepression in the late 1800s: Germany rose tariffs to protect home industries.
11The Iron Chancellor Foreign Policy Goals: Domestic Policy: Wanted to keep France weak and isolatedBuild strong links with Austria and Russia.Didn’t compete with Britain with naval power but competed for overseas colonies.Domestic Policy:Erase local loyalties and crush all opposition to the imperial stateTargeted 2 groupsCatholic ChurchSocialists
12Campaign Against the Church Catholics made up about 1/3 of the German population.Bismarck was Lutheran and distrusted Catholics. Why?Loyalty lies with the pope instead of to Germany.Launched the Kultukampf (battle for civilization)Goal: Make Catholics put loyalty to the state above allegiance to the ChurchPassed laws that gave the state the rights to supervise Catholic educationApprove priests appointments.Closed some religious ordersExpelled the Jesuits from PrussiaMade it compulsory for couples to be married by civil authorityMade a mistake: Catholics rallied behind the ChurchWorked to make peace with the Church.
14Campaign Against the Socialists German Marxists organized the Social Democratic party.Called for parliamentary democracy and laws to improve conditions for the working class.Bismarck feared socialist would undermine loyalty of German Workers and turn them towards revolution.Dissolved socialist groups, shutdown newspapers, banned meetings .Backfired again. Workers unified in support of the socialist cause.Bismarck changed course:Sponsored laws to protect workers1890s health and accident insurance and old-age insuranceSocialism still grew. By 1912—held more seats in the Reichstage than any other party.Other Europeans would build on Bismarck’s social policies.
15Kaiser William II William II succeeded his grandfather as kaiser. Supremely confident in his abilities and wished to put his own stamp on Germany.Asked Bismarck to resign in 1890“There is only one master in the Reich, and that is I”He was an Absolute MonarchResisted efforts to introduce democratic reforms.
16Kaiser William II Government provided programs for social welfare. Cheap transportation and electricity.Public Schools taught students obedience to the emperor along with reading, writing, and mathematics.Funded German military, most powerful in Europe.Expand navy and expand overseas empire to rival those of Britain and France.Increased tensions on the eve of WWI.
17How did German increase its power after unifying in 1871? Complete your Causes and Effects worksheet.Use your notes and book.Work with the partner next to you.
18Cool Down 12/3Who was William II? What did he do?
19Cool DownDo you think Bismarck’s methods were justified by his social reforms? Explain.