Presentation on theme: "Symbiosis Review/Game! On your sheet, fill in the following symbiotic relationships that you see! Complete the first 3 columns and at the end we will check."— Presentation transcript:
Symbiosis Review/Game! On your sheet, fill in the following symbiotic relationships that you see! Complete the first 3 columns and at the end we will check your responses (4 th column).
Fill in the following chart on your sheet right now! Type of SymbiosisOrganism 1Organism 2 Mutualism Predator / Prey Commensalism Parasitism + means they benefit from the relationship 0 means nothing, they neither benefit nor harmed from the relationship - means they are harmed in a negative way from the relationship Competition
Check and Review Type of SymbiosisOrganism 1Organism 2 Mutualism++ Predator / Prey++ Commensalism+0 Parasitism+- Note: Remember, Predator / Prey relationships are mutalistic! Predators benefit from having prey to eat and based upon the evolution and adaptation of the prey, force them to be smarter and faster. Prey benefit from having predators control their populations from exceeding their carrying capacity (the maximum amount of a population to be sustained from their environment) and destroying the entire population. Competition is the similar – by competing for resources checks the population and ensures those that reproduce are the most fit (smartest, fastest, best suited to survive) to the environment. However, this hurts all involved in that particular relationship. Key:+ means they benefit from the relationship 0 means nothing, they neither benefit nor harmed from the relationship - means they are harmed in a negative way from the relationship Competition--
Your Turn! On the next slides, determine which of the following five symbiotic relationships they represent! Keep in mind competition is also between species (intraspecific) or within the same species (interspecific) who are competing for the same resources (food, habitat and niche.) Keep a running tally and we’ll share our thoughts and debate at the end! Good luck!
# 1: Which am I? Wile E. Coyote chases the Road Runner again and again…
# 2: Which am I? A swollen tick is found on the neck of a dog.
# 3: Which am I? Acacia ants from Africa feed off sugar deposits on the Acacia tree and defend it from other insects.
# 4: Which am I? Barnacles hitch a ride on a traveling whale.
# 5: Which am I? Two male gazelles fighting over females.
# 6: Which am I? Plant seeds (sometimes called burrs) are stuck to a horse’s mane.
# 7: Which am I? Kudzu, native to Japan, takes over a local forest in North Carolina.
# 8: Which am I? A bee drinks nectar and collects pollen from a flower.
# 9: Which am I? Heartworms have infested a dog’s heart.
# 10: Which am I? For the same reason for the early domestication of the wolf, a man hunts with his dog.
# 11: Which am I? A lion chasing away a hyena from a fresh kill.
# 12: What am I? Bacteria Nodules fixing Nitrogen on the roots of Legume Plants.
# 13: Which am I? Okay, a bit silly, but squirrels fighting over the same piece of territory.
# 14: Which am I? A Lichen is chillin’ on a log.
# 15: Which am I? The Oxpecker eats parasites and flies off the African Ox.
# 16: Which am I? A stick bug mimics a tree (also called camouflage) to avoid predators.
# 17: Which am I? Cowbirds lay their eggs in a Carolina Warblers and Wrens’ Nests to raise their young.
# 18: Which am I? An Eastern Blue Bird and a House Sparrow fight over shared resources.
# 19: Which am I? A hornworm is covered with pupating wasps will eventually kill the host.
Okay, these get a little bit harder… # 20: Which am I? A cat and a dog sleeping on a couch.
# 21: Which am I? A Clown Fish hides in an Sea Anemone.
# 22: Which am I? A bee is tricked in carrying pollen from an orchid while attempting to mate with a fake female (mimicry).
# 23: Which am I? This squirrel has evolved to be the same color as his habitat, the oak tree.
# 25: Which am I? Protozoans living in a Cow’s stomach.
Special: Evaluating Scientific Theories What type of symbiosis is this?
Let’s Review Fill out the chart on your sheet. What were the sample relationships? What were some relationships did you struggle with? Let’s look at some symbiosis cartoons that you made, what were those relationships?
Slides – Check and Review Case ScenarioOrganism IOrganism IIType of Relationship? # 1: Coyote and Roadrunner ++Predator / Prey # 2: Dog and Tick-+Parasitism # 3: Ants and Acacia Tree ++Mutualism # 4: Barnacles and Whale +0Commensalism # 5: Two male Gazelles Fighting --Competition # 6: Horse and Burrs0+Commensalism
Slides – Check and Review Case ScenarioOrganism IOrganism IIType of Relationship? # 7: Kudzu and Trees+-Parasitism # 8: Bee and Flower ++Mutualism # 9: Dog and Heartworms-+Parasitism # 10: Dog and Man++Mutualism # 11: Lion and Hyena --Competition # 12: Bacteria and Legumes ++Mutualism # 13: Squirrels and Squirrels --Competition # 14: A Lichen (fungus & alga)++Mutualism
Slides – Check and Review Case ScenarioOrganism IOrganism IIType of Relationship? # 15: Ox pecker and Ox++Mutualism # 16: Stick Bug and Tree+0Commensalism # 17: Cowbirds and Warblers +-Parasitism (Brood Parasitism) # 18: Bluebird and Sparrow--Competition # 19: Hornworm and Wasps -+Parasitism # 20: Cat and Dog++Mutualism or Reciprocal Altruism
Slides – Check and Review Case ScenarioOrganism IOrganism IIType of Relationship? # 21: Clownfish and Anemone++/0Mutualism or Commensalism # 22: Bee and Orchid- / 0+Parasitism or Commensalism # 23: Squirrel and Tree ++Mutualism # 24: Woman and Dog+/-+Mutualism or Parasitism # 25: Protozoans and Cow ++Mutualism Special: Endosymbiont Theory ++Wicked Cool Mutualism! Which ones were particularly tough? Why do you think it’s not so easy to categorize certain relationships?