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Predation, Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism
Commensalism Commensalism is a relationship between two living organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.
The clownfish lives among the forest of tentacles of an anemone and is protected from potential predators.
Some birds live among cattle to eat the insects stirred up as they walk. One example are egrets who hunt for insects near a grazing animal's mouth.
One animal attaching itself to another for transportation such as barnacles attach to shells or whales or a shrimp riding on a sea slugs. shrimp riding on a sea slug barnacles on whale’s tail and clam
One species uses a second organism for housing such as small mammals or birds that lives in holes in trees or orchids which live in trees. Orchid in rainforest Venezuela
Parasitism One organism, usually physically smaller of the two (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is harmed
Ticks and fleas that live in a host animal's fur bite the animal and drink its blood are parasites.
Insects such as mosquitoes feeding on a host are parasites.
Vines such as Kudzu growing on Trees
Tomato Hornworm with Wasp Eggs
Tapeworm or Hookworms living in Host's Gut
The roots of the Owl Clover are partly parasitic on the roots of other desert wildflowers.
Mutualism Both species benefit from the interaction.
Flowers and their Pollinators (examples: Bees and hummingbirds gather nectar and spread pollen.)
Birds and mammals eat berries and fruits while the plant benefits by the dispersal of it seeds.
Algae and Fungi > Lichen - Alga gets water and nutrients from the fungus and the fungus gets food from the algae.
Cleaners eat insect pests from the skin of animalsCleaners eat insect pests from the skin of animals. (ex: Egyptian plover cleans giraffes and buffaloes)
Many herbivores such as cows, sheep, deer, horses and rabbits depend on bacteria that live in their stomachs to break down the plant material.
Coral Reefs- The corals get food and the algae get protection.
Predation one eats another (Herbivores eat plants. Carnivores eats animals.)
THE NATURE OF ECOLOGY Ecology is a study of connections in nature.
Population – group of individuals of the same species
Symbiotic Relationships. Symbiosis Symbiosis is a close ecological relationship between the individuals of two (or more) different species.
Symbiotic Relationships Quiz
WANTED: Interactions Amongst Organisms. Mutualism, a relationship between two species in which both species benefit. The ox pecker bird, which is seen.
Types of Species Interactions. Competition Trees in the rainforest competing for light Desert plants competing for water.
Symbiosis: Organisms can have close ecological relationships in ecosystems Mutualism (+,+) both organisms benefit from the relationship Remoras clean sharks.
PARASITE-THAT-EATS-TONGUES-AND-REPLACES-THEM- WITH SYMBIOSIS.
How Organisms Get Their Energy
Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey. Because, in order to survive, a living organism depends on other living things. Why Do Living Things Interact With.
Community Interactions. Community All the living organisms in an area at a certain time All the living organisms in an area at a certain time.
Symbiosis Interaction between two different organisms living in close proximity of one another.
A particular species of a unicellular organism inhabits the intestines of termites, where the unicellular organisms are protected from predators. Wood.
Community Interactions Community: Many different species interacting in the same environment. Three types of interactions: – Competition – Predation.
Symbiosis and Symbiotic Relationships © 2014HappyEdugator.
Mind Stretcher – copy yellow In India, the chital, a small deer, has trouble finding enough grass to eat during the dry season. This deer relies on a certain.
Symbiotic Relationships Mutualism- benefits both organisms Commensalism- benefits one and the other is neither helped nor harmed Parasitism- benefits one.
Aim: How do symbiotic relationships differ? DO NOW 1.Describe what you see in this image. 2.Do you think this fish is being harmed? Explain why or why.
Review: Levels of organization ORGANISM POPULATION COMMUNITY ECOSYSTEM BIOME BIOSPHERE.
Symbiotic Relationships. What is symbiosis? What it means: Two organisms that live together Temporarily or for a longer time At least one of the organisms.
Types of Symbiosis Symbiosis A. The relationship in which there is a close and permanent association between organisms of different species is called.
By Abraham Zetino. Mutualism is when both organisms benefit from the relationship. Ex: A rhino is not irritated because birds are eating fleas/bugs.
Relationships How do different species affect one another?
SYMBIOSIS: relationships in nature. Definition of Adaptation Characteristics that allow an animal to survive in its environment. These characteristics.
Population – group of individuals of the same species living in the same area, potentially interacting. Community – group of populations of different.
THE THREE SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIPS ARE... PARASITISMMUTUALISMCOMMENSALISM EXTRA PRACTICE ACTIVITY GO BACK TO SPECIFIC QUESTION Click on a Picture Below.
Competition, Predation and Symbiosis
Organisms and Their Environment. Why are we studying the environment? -Understanding what affects the environment is important because it’s where we live!
Community Interactions. Community interactions, such as competition, predation, and various forms of symbiosis, can powerfully affect an ecosystem.
Is it Commensalism, Mutualism, or Parasitism?
Interactions of Living Things Ecology 3. Species Smallest grouping of living based on characteristics – Must be able to produce offspring that can reproduce.
Yes, you need your lab book and your CPS remote..
Mutualism Both species benefit “+ +” relationship Examples – Ants protect aphids that provide them food – Clown fish / sea anemones.
Interactions Name that Relationship!. Name That Relationship! Acacia ants live on the bullhorn acacia tree, which provides the ants with food and shelter.
Ecology Principles of Ecology.
Community Interactions. Competition The two flowering plants are competing for the same space Which means both of them are harmed.
Anchor: BIO.B.4.2 Describe interactions & relationships in an ecosystem ◦ BIO.4.2.2: Describe biotic interactions in an ecosystem.
Community Interactions Community: Many species interacting in the same environment Three types of interactions: – Competition – Predation – Symbiosis.
Ecology The relationship among organisms and their environment.
Community Interactions Honors Biology Westerville South High School Courtesy: Judy Jones.
Wake-up 1.Explain the difference between a population and a community. 2. What type of graph is shown below? 3.What type of organisms have this type of.
* Competition- when organisms of the same or different species attempt to use the same ecological resource Males competing for the ability to mate.
Symbiosis and Symbiotic Relationships
Bellringer 12.3 Copy the following root words into your notebook. A- : without, not (ex: abiotic) Auto- : self (ex: autotroph) Bio- : life (ex: biology)
Relationships In Ecosystems How Species Interact With Each Other Chapter Eight Section Two.
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