Presentation on theme: "Competition, Predation, Symbiosis, Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism Competition, Predation, Symbiosis, Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism."— Presentation transcript:
Competition, Predation, Symbiosis, Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism Competition, Predation, Symbiosis, Mutualism, Commensalism, or Parasitism
Population – group of individuals of the same species living in the same area, potentially interacting Community – group of populations of different species living in the same area, potentially interacting What are some ecological interactions?
Why are ecological interactions important? Interactions can affect distribution and abundance. Interactions can influence evolution. Think about how the following interactions can affect distribution, abundance, and evolution.
Symbiosis – two species live together can include parasitism, mutualism, and commensalism
Commensalism Commensalism is a relationship between two living organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.
Commensalism – one species receives a benefit from another species enhances fitness of one species; no effect on fitness of the other species
The clownfish lives among the forest of tentacles of an anemone and is protected from potential predators.
Some birds live among cattle to eat the insects stirred up as they walk. One example are egrets who hunt for insects near a grazing animal's mouth.
One animal attaching itself to another for transportation such as barnacles attach to shells or whales or a shrimp riding on a sea slugs. barnacles on whale’s tail and clam shrimp riding on a sea slug
One species uses a second organism for housing such as small mammals or birds that lives in holes in trees or orchids which live in trees. Orchid in rainforest Venezuela
Parasitism One organism, usually physically smaller of the two (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is harmed
Parasitism – one species feeds on another enhances fitness of parasite but reduces fitness of host
Ticks and fleas that live in a host animal's fur bite the animal and drink its blood are parasites.
Insects such as mosquitoes feeding on a host are parasites.