Presentation on theme: "Basic Map Skills Lines of Longitude run vertically (up & down). They are also called Meridians. The Prime Meridian is found in Greenwich, England."— Presentation transcript:
Basic Map Skills
Lines of Longitude run vertically (up & down). They are also called Meridians. The Prime Meridian is found in Greenwich, England. The Prime Meridian is 0 degrees Longitude.
Lines of Longitude locate places East or West of the Prime Meridian. There are 180 degrees of east Longitude, and 180 degrees of west Longitude.
Longitude Lines of measurement east or west of the Prime Meridian Note: There are 60 minutes in a degree and 60 seconds in a minute.
The earth is divided into two parts, or hemispheres east and west longitude. Y X 180°W 180°E
What is Latitude? Lines of Latitude run horizontally (sideways) Latitude is measured in degrees. The Equator is 0 degrees Latitude. Lines of Latitude locate places North or South of the Equator. The North Pole is 90 degrees N Latitude, and the South Pole is 90 degrees S Latitude.
North pole = 90°N South pole = 90°S Values are expressed in terms of degrees. Y X 90°S 90°N
The N tells us we’re north of the Equator. The S tells us we’re south of the Equator. The E tells us that we’re east of the Prime Meridian. The W tells us that we’re west of the Prime Meridian. (N, W) (N, E) (S, W) (S, E)
What would be the latitude and longitude directions in Australia using only the compass rose? Prime Meridian ? If you said South and East, you’re right!
Another name for lines of longitude Meridians States that border Ohio Indiana, Michigan, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky Direction that meridians run North and South The four cardinal directions North, East, South, West Direction that parallels run East and WestSouth Pole90 S Another name for lines of latitude ParallelsNorth Pole90 N Major line of latitude at 0 Equator Equator divides Earth into Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere Major line of longitude at 0 Prime Meridian Prime Meridian divides Earth into Eastern Hemisphere and Western Hemisphere