6 Lines of Latitude Equator Lines of latitude on a globe are also called parallels.The equator is 0 degrees latitude.It is an imaginary belt that runs halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.Equator
7 Lines of Longitude Lines of longitude are also called meridians. PRIMEDANLines of LongitudeLines of longitude are also called meridians.The prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude. This imaginary line runs through Greenwich, England.
8 HemispheresBy using the equator and prime meridian, we can divide the world into four hemispheres, north, south, east, and west.