Presentation on theme: "objectives Learn anatomical terms"— Presentation transcript:
1objectives Learn anatomical terms Student will identify the various positions on their playdoh manStudents will identify the position in the myo therapy exerciseLearn various body positions
2positions Semi fowlers: 45 degree angle, knees may be bent Fowlers sitting uprightSimsProne supinetrendelenburg
3Distal and proximal Distal means further from the point of reference. Example: wrist or carpals are distal to the elbowProximal: close to the point of referenceThe top of the ulna is proximal to the elbow
4Lateral means to the outside of the body Example the outer thigh is lateralMedial: the inside or closer to the bodyExample the inner thigh is medial
5Body movements Abduct: to move away from Adduct: to move toward Extend to straightenFlex to bend
6Body planesTransverse plane:horizontal plane that divides the body into top and bottom half.Superior and inferior.Superior is above the site and inferior is below.The nose is superior to the mouth.The nose is inferior to the eyes
7Cranial refers to the head Caudal refers to the sacral area
8Coronal planeThe frontal or coronal plane divides the body into front and back sections.Body parts in the front plane are called ventral or anterior .The back plane is called dorsal or posterior
9Ventral cavities Divided into thoracic and abdominal cavity It is divided by the diaphragm
10Abdominal cavityThe abdominal cavity is divided into upper and lower area.The upper abdominal cavity contains the stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestine, liver, and gall bladder.Pancreas and spleen.
11The lower abdominal cavity Also called the pelvic cavity.Contains the urinary bladder,reproductive organs, and the rest of the large intestines.
12Abdominal quadrants The abdomen is divided into quadrants. RUQ LUQ RLQ LLQ
13Other terms related to the ventral area Right and left hypochondriac areaMeans directly below the ribsHypo= below