Presentation on theme: "Objectives Learn anatomical terms Student will identify the various positions on their playdoh man Students will identify the position in the myo therapy."— Presentation transcript:
objectives Learn anatomical terms Student will identify the various positions on their playdoh man Students will identify the position in the myo therapy exercise Learn various body positions
positions Semi fowlers: 45 degree angle, knees may be bent Fowlers sitting upright Sims Prone supine trendelenburg
Distal and proximal Distal means further from the point of reference. Example: wrist or carpals are distal to the elbow Proximal: close to the point of reference The top of the ulna is proximal to the elbow
Lateral means to the outside of the body Example the outer thigh is lateral Medial: the inside or closer to the body Example the inner thigh is medial
Body movements Abduct: to move away from Adduct: to move toward Extend to straighten Flex to bend
Body planes Transverse plane:horizontal plane that divides the body into top and bottom half. Superior and inferior. Superior is above the site and inferior is below. The nose is superior to the mouth. The nose is inferior to the eyes
Cranial refers to the head Caudal refers to the sacral area
Coronal plane The frontal or coronal plane divides the body into front and back sections. Body parts in the front plane are called ventral or anterior. The back plane is called dorsal or posterior
Ventral cavities Divided into thoracic and abdominal cavity It is divided by the diaphragm
Abdominal cavity The abdominal cavity is divided into upper and lower area. The upper abdominal cavity contains the stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestine, liver, and gall bladder. Pancreas and spleen.
The lower abdominal cavity Also called the pelvic cavity. Contains the urinary bladder,reproductive organs, and the rest of the large intestines.
Abdominal quadrants The abdomen is divided into quadrants. RUQ LUQ RLQ LLQ
Other terms related to the ventral area Right and left hypochondriac area Means directly below the ribs Hypo= below