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Body Planes, Directions, and Cavities JAMES VALLEY VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL CENTER.

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Presentation on theme: "Body Planes, Directions, and Cavities JAMES VALLEY VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL CENTER."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Body Planes, Directions, and Cavities JAMES VALLEY VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL CENTER

3 Objectives Label a diagram of the three planes of the body with the names of the planes and the directional terms created by these planes Label a diagram of the main body cavities

4 Objectives Cont…. Identify the main organs located in each body cavity Locate the four quadrants and the nine abdominal regions Define, pronounce, and spell all of the key terms

5 Body Planes: Definition = imaginary lines drawn through the body to separate the body into sections

6 Transverse Plane: Horizontal plane dividing the body into a top and bottom half 1. Superior = body parts above other parts 2. Inferior = body parts below other parts

7 3. Cranial = body parts near the head 4. Caudal = body parts located near the sacral region of the spinal column (or near the tail bone)

8 Median Plane: Divides the body into right and left sides 1. Medial = body parts located near the middle or midline of the body 2. Lateral = body parts located away from the midline or middle of the body

9 Frontal Plane: Divides the body into front and back section. 1. Anterior = body parts on the front of the body 2. Posterior = body parts on the back of the body

10 Proximal = body parts close to the point of reference Distal = body parts away from the point of reference

11 Body Cavities: Spaces within the body which contain vital organs

12 Posterior Cavity: One long continuous cavity that is located on the back of the body, divided into two sections 1. Cranial Cavity = contains the brain 2. Spinal Cavity = contains the spinal cord

13 Anterior Cavities: Larger and separated into two distinct cavities by a dome-shaped muscle called the diaphragm, which is important for breathing 1. Thoracic Cavity = located in the chest, contains the heart, lungs, and the large blood vessels

14 2. Abdominal Cavity = divided into upper and lower parts Upper part contains the stomach, small intestines, most of the large intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas and spleen 3. Pelvic Cavity = lower abdominal cavity containing urinary bladder, the reproductive organs, and last part of the large intestines

15 Abdominal Regions: Quadrants 1. Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) 2. Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) 3. Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) 4. Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)

16 Abdominal Regions: Epigastric Umbilical Pelvic Hypochondriac Lateral Inguinal


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